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Popular Mexican Herbs and Their Uses

Salvia (Sage)

Achiote, Annato: (Bixa orellana – Bixaceae):
– Measles (ground seeds applied to bath)
– Buccal sores (seeds steeped in water, as rinse)
– Condiment and food colouring

Aguacate: (Avocado, Persea americana):
– Intestinal worms (grate 8 to 10 grams of fresh avocado-pit rind into a glass of water, and the next day sweeten it, drink, and eat nothing)

Ahuehuete, Sabino: (Taxodium mucronatum – Taxodiaceae):
– Burns (bark decoction, poultice)
– Diarrhea (leaf infusion, as tea)

Ailé, Birch: (Alnus arguta – Betulaceae):
– Fever
– Inflammation
– As a poultice to wash wounds

Anil indigo: (Indigofera suffruticosa):
– Children’s headache (boil leaves until soft, then apply the leaves like a bandage to the forehead)
– Parasites and worms (tincture of root and seeds)
– Diarrhea (plant juice)

Alamo: (Platanus lindeliana – Platanaceae):
– Colds (ground leaves with oil applied topically as poultice)
– Fractures (poultice)
– Headache (poultice)
– Painkiller (Infusion or decoction of bark, used internally or externally)
– Its decoction or infusion is astringent, antibacterial, antifungal, antiseptic, styptic and haemostatic

Altea: (plantain, Plantago spp.):
– Cuts, wounds and insect bites (apply juice of leaves or crushed leaves)
– Boils (apply to boil to allow to mature)
– Dysentery (infusion of the leaves)

Anís: (Tagetes lucida Cav. – Asteraeceae):
– Carminative, digestive
– Inflammatory, fever
– Stomach upset (infusion of fresh herb)
– Avoid during pregnancy
– Unrelated to European or Star Anise

Añíl, Indigo: (Indigofera suffruticosa – Fabaceae):
– Urinary problems
– Constipation
– Mange
– Syphilis
– The fresh leaves are used in a warm bath to act as a calmative
– An infusion of bruised leaves is used as a treatment for fever

Anona: (Anona reticulata – Anonaceae):
– Boils (leaf infusion as a wash)
– Diarrhea (bark decoction as tea)

Árnica del país, Falsa árnica, Golden aster: (Heterotheca inuloides – Asteraceae):
– Bruises, contusions (topically – boil the flower heads into a mass, and apply)
– Tea as gargles for sore throat
– Potentially toxic, avoid internal use
– Avoid in pregnancy and lactation
Not to be confused with European arnica, with which it shares some of its applications

Azafrán, Zacatlaxcale: (Cuscuta spp . – Convolvulaceae):
– Parasitic plant
– Purgative internally
– Fright (“susto”) (plant decoction, as bath)

Baja tripa: (Rivina humilis – Phytolaccaceae):
– “Aire” (Wind)
– “Espanto” (Fright)
– Rash (prickly heat)
– Branch decoction applied externally as body wash

Baiborín: (Kallstroema grandiflora – zygophyllaceae):
– Fatigue
– Fever
– Body pains
– Mange

Barbasco , Cabeza de negro: (Dioscorea spp . – Dioscoreaceae):
– Body aches
– Menstrual problems
– Progesterone source
– Rheumatism, aches (rhizome steeped in alcohol, as a rub)
– Male contraceptive

Barquilla: (Rhoeo discolor – Commelinaceae):
– Fungal infections: roasted leaves, topical
– Vaginal infections: leaf infusion douche
– Measles (leaf infusion, orally)

Batamote: (Baccharis glutinosa – Asteraceae):
– Alopecia
– Stomach ache
– Mange
– Foot odour

Bayetill: (Hamelia patens – Rubiaceae):
– Anti-inflammatory
– Boils (stem decoction, externally)
– Pain relief (topical)
– Yellow fever (leaf infusion as tea)

Berro: (Nasturtium acuaticum – Brassicaceae):
– Goiter (iodide )
– Kidney pain
– Stomach inflammation (raw)
– Tuberculosis (infusion)

Borraja, Borage: (Borago officinalis):
– Bronchitis and fevers (boil 10 grams of flowers and young leaves in a litre of water, and drink the tea)

Bretónica: (Lepechinia caulescens – Lamiaceae):
– Diarrhea
– Dysentery (stem decoction)
– Gastritis (topical)

Cabezona, Chapúz: (Helenium mexicanum – Asteraceae):
– Colds (pulverized flowerheads as stornutatories; to promote sneezing)
– Toxic if ingested
– Avoid use

Cacaloxóchitl: (Plumeria rubra – Apocynaceae):
External application:
– Gonorrhea
– Warts
– Wounds (minor, the juice is used to heal wounds)
– Drastic purgative
– Avoid internally

Cahuayote: (Gonolobus niger – Asclepiadaceae):
– Gonorrhea (root decoction)
– Efficacy unknown
– Avoid during pregnancy and lactation

Calaguala: (Phlebodium aureum – Polypodiaceae):
– Tea made from stem
– Diarrhea
– Gastric ulcers
– Kidney pain
– Efficacy unknown
– Avoid in pregnancy

Calderona: (Galphimia glauca – Malpighiaceae):
– Boils (external application)
– Vaginal infections
– Wounds
– Avoid in pregnancy

Candelilla: (Euphorbia antisyphillitica – Euphorbiaceae):
– Used against venereal disease (syphilis)
– Cathartic ( purgative)
– Toothache
– Headache
– Avoid in pregnancy and lactation

Capulín: (Prunus serotina – Rosaceae):
– Coughs (children)
– Decoction of stems and leaves taken as infusion (tea)

Cedro: (Cedrela odorata – Meliaceae):
– Colic
– Epilepsy (bark decoction as tea)
– Fever
– Gall bladder
– Toothache (leaf tea)

Cedron, Lemon verbena: (Aloysia triphylla):
– Menstruation
– Worm
– Tea from the boiled leaves, taken while fasting, regularises the menstrual flow, and expels worms. 1oz herb to 1 pint boiling water infused is taken in spoonfuls.

Ceiba: (Ceiba pentandra – Bombacaceae):
– Anti-inflammatory
– Boils
– Insect bites
– Mange
– Bark and leaf decoctions as poultices

Chabacal: (Salvia lavanduloides – Lamiaceae):
– Bronchitis
– Colds
– Coughs
– Avoid in pregnancy

Chaca: (Bursera simaruba – Burseraceae):
– Fever (leaf infusion)
– Leaves boiled in water to make a bath
– Leaves applied on soles of feet

Chalahuite: (Inga jinicuil – Fabaceae):
– Dysentery (bark decoction)
– Stomach upset (“empacho”) bark decoction
– Flower infusion taken for tachycardia (“latido”)

Chaparro amargoso: (Castela tortuosa – Simaroubiaceae):
– Amoebic dysentery (drink tea made of the shrub, before each meal, for minimum 3 days)
– Shrublands in northern México
– A tonic and antiperiodic
– Avoid during pregnancy/ lactation

Chapuliztle: (Dodonaea viscosa – Sapindaceae):
– Colic (leaf infusion)
– Fever (bark decoction)
– Gout ( leaf infusion)
– Ground leaves applied to scabs and wounds
– Scalp problems
– Venereal disease

Chaya: (Cnidoscolus chayamansa – Euphorbiaceae):
– Boils (latex topically)
– Diabetes
– Kidney pain
– Obesity (capsules)

Chicalote: (Argemone mexicana, A. sanguinea – Papaveraceae):
– Hypnotic
– Post-part. bleeding
– Toothache
– Alopecia (hair loss)
– Kidney pain
– Scabies and ringworm (crushing flowers prepared plaster)
– Cough, whooping cough and asthma (the flowers are taken in tea)
– Eyes (external applications to treat conditions of the eyes, especially cataracts)
– Seeds are toxic

Chicalote: (Prickly poppy, Argemone ochroleuca):
– Stomach pain (mash 4 grams of seeds in 200 cc of water, take two or three times a day)

Chico Zapote: (Achras zapota – Zapotaceae):
– Digestive problems, in particular dysentery and diarrhea (tea from the bark, infusion prepared with the fruit of the zapote together with Jatropha gaumeri)
– Bile, hair loss diuretic (grounded seeds)
– Ingestion of more than 10 seeds can be toxic

Chicura: (Franseria ambrosioides – Asteraceae):
– Promotes labour
– Given near parturition
– External application to treat scorpion stings
– Avoid in pregnancy and lactation

Chigüisa: (Pseudobombax ellipticum – Bombacaceae):
– Asthma
– Colds
– Coughs flower (infusion taken as tea)

Chipilín: (Crotalaria incana – Fabaceae):
– Urinary bladder “coldness”
– May contain cyanogenic glycosides
– May contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids
– Avoid in pregnancy

Cholla, Cardenche, Coyonoxtle: (Opuntia imbricata – Cactaceae):
– Asthma (tea taken to treat asthma)
– Diarrhea (tea used against diarrhea – plant contains tannins)

Chote, Turi: (Parmentiera edulis – Bignoniaceae):
– Diabetes (root decoction as tea)
– Earache
– Urinary problems (fruit and branch infusion)
– Respiratory ailments (flower, fruit and root infusion)

Codo de fraile, Yóyotl, Oleander: (Thevetia thevetioides – Apocynaceae):
– Boils and hemorrhoids (topically)
– “Weight loss”(seed)
– Alkaloids (thevetine)
– Very toxic, avoid all internal use
– For hemorrhoids, mash seeds, mix in fat, and apply

Cojón de toro: (Stemmadenia donnell-smithi – Apocynaceae):
– Bruises, wounds (leaf decoction externally as poultice)
– Mosquito bites (latex applied topically)
– Avoid internally

Cola de caballo, Horsetail: (Equisetum arvense – Equisetaceae):
– Arthritis and rheumatism
– Diuretic
– Urinary problems
– Only the sterile branches are used
– Some species are thiaminase inhibitors
– Brewed teas of the stems are diuretic, and have been used against dysentery and gonorrhea

Cola de venado: (Erigeron karwinskianus – Asteraceae):
– Dysentery
– Kidney pain (stem decoction)
– Sores (wash)

Contrayerba: (Dorstenia contrajerba – Moraceae):
– Snakebite
– Vaginal hemorrhage
– Venereal disease (root decoction as tea)

Cordón de San Antonio: (Hyptis stellulata – Lamiaceae):
– Earache
– Indigestion
– “Pasmo”
– Rheumatism
– Skin infections
– Avoid in pregnancy

Cordon de San Francisco: (Salvia leucantha – Lamiaceae):
– Fright (espanto)
– To reconstitute women after birth (leaf infusion)
– Avoid in pregnancy

Cosáhui, Mamelique, Crameria: (Krameria grayi – Krameriaceae):
– Diarrhea
– Skin antiseptic
– Diabetes
– Alopecia
– Loose teeth

Clavellina, Ceiba: (Bombax palmeri):
– Skin wounds (roast and grind the bark, and apply)

Cuachalalate o Axocopaque: (Amphypteringium adstringens – Julianaceae):
– Circulatory ailments, mixed with sarsparilla
– Gastritis, peptic ulcers
– Vaginal infections (topical)
– Bark decoction or maceration

Cuatecomate, Guaje: (Crescentia cujete – Bignoniaceae):
– Alopecia (leaf infusion)
– Diarrhea (leaf infusion)
– Expectorant
– Liver (fruit pulp) ailments (fruit pulp)

Cucharitas: (Acacia cochliacantha – Fabaceae):
– Diarrhea
– Stomachache
– Urinary/bladder

Cuitlacoche: (Ustilago maydis):
– This a fungus, not a green plant
– Parasite of corncobs
– Eaten as a delicacy
– May contain alkaloids that stimulate the uterus
– Avoid in pregnancy

Culantrillo de pozo, Palmita, Maidenhair fern: (Adiantum capillus-veneris – Pteridaceae):
– Leaf infusion as a tea
– Emmenagogue (promotes menstruation)
– Fright (susto)
– Kidney stones
– May cause abortion
– Avoid in pregnancy and lactation
– As a blood thinner, for constipation, liver problems, and kidney stones, boil about 5 grams in half a liter of water and take a small cup every day

Cundeamor: (Momordica charantia – Cucurbitaceae):
– Diabetes (fruit and leaves
– Anthelminthic
– Fever, Colic and headache
– Avoid in pregnancy and lactation

Damiana, Turnera: (Turnera diffusa – Turneraceae):
– Tea taken to “increase libido”, treat sterility, as a tonic for fatigue
– For colds and body aches
– May have antidepressant action
– Nervousness and weakness (take a tea made by boiling the macerated leaves)
– Avoid in pregnancy

Dandelion and it's bright yellow flowers
Dandelion and it’s bright yellow flowers

Diente de león, Dandelion: (Taraxacum officinale – Asteraceae):
– Tea made from plant is used to treat gall bladder and liver ailments, anorexia
– Digestive, diuretic
– Externally, latex removes warts (irritating)

Doradilla, Resurrection plant: (Selaginella lepidophylla – Selaginellaceae):
– Diuretic
– Gall bladder stones
– Kidney pain
– Urinary problems
– Combined with horsetail (Equisetum)
– An infusion has salutary effects on the kidneys and liver, and breaks up gallstones.

Encino, Oak: (Quercus spp. – Fagaceae):
– Astringent (tannins)
– Bleeding gums
– Loose teeth
– Skin antiseptic
– Toothache
– Bark decoction
– Diarrhea (drink tea made from boiling the tree’s bark)

Epazote, Wormseed: (Chenopodium ambrosioides – Chenopodiaceae):
– Tea is taken to treat stomach ailments and expel worms
– Avoid in pregnancy, lactation, and children
– Leaves are safe as condiment, but oil is neurotoxic

Epazote de zorrillo: (C. graveolens – Chenopodiaceae):
– Anthelminthic
– “Aire” (flatulence)
– Coughs (expectorant)
– “Fright” (espanto)
– Stomach and liver ailments
– Potentially toxic, avoid use

Espinosilla: (Loeselia mexicana – Polemoniaceae):
External application for:
– Alopecia
– Dandruff
– Erysipelas
– Aerial parts as infusion (tea)

Estafiate: (Artemisia mexicana – Asteraceae):
– Tea made from leaves and stems is used to treat stomachache, diarrhea, worms and rheumatism
– Avoid in pregnancy and lactation
– Avoid in patients with nervous disorders

Estropajo, Luffa: (Luffa aegyptica – Cucurbitaceae):
– Gerícua (leaf infusion as bath)
– Lice (mashed fruit in water, as hair rinse)

Flor de manita, Macpalxóchitl: (Chirantodendron pentadactylon – Sterculiaceae):
– Tea from flowers
– Anxiety, Nerves
– Cardiac ailments

Flor de tila, Linden: (Tila spp. – Tilaceae):
– Anxiety
– Insomnia
– Nervous disorders
– Flower infusion

Garañona: (Castilleja tenuiflora – Scrophulariaceae):
– Alopecia
– Blood purifier
– Gall bladder
– Vaginal infections

Girasol, Sunflower: (Helianthus annuus – Asteraceae):
– Headache
– Nervous disorders (anxiety)
– Scabs

Gobernadora, Guámis, Creosotebush, Chaparral: (Larrea tridentata – Zygophyllaceae):
– Athlete’s foot
– Cancer (antioxidant)
– Foot odour
– Fungal skin infection
– Kidney stones
– Urinary infections
– Venereal disease
– NDGA, active principle
– Free radical scavenger
– Antifungal compounds
– Non-concentrated infusion internally
– Concentrated forms not recommended
– Pills and capsules may cause hepatic and renal damage
– Avoid prolonged treatments
– Avoid in pregnancy, lactation and small children
– Topical applications may cause irritation

Gordolobo, Everlasting, Cudweed: (Gnaphalium spp. – Asteraceae):
– Similar properties as unrelated Mullein (Verbascum spp.)
– Respiratory problems, asthma, coughs
– Lumbago (externally)
– Avoid in pregnancy
– A handful of this weedy herb brewed in a pot of water is used for coughs and sore throats

Guaco: (Mikania spp . – Asteraceae):
– Stomach ulcers, liver problems
– Worms
– “Antidote” vs. snakebites (unproven, avoid)
– Avoid in pregnancy and lactation

Guamúchil, Manila Tamarind: (Pithecellobium dulce – Fabaceae):
– Diarrhea ( for diarrhea, bloody and otherwise, boil bark from the root and drink)
– Upset stomach
– Coughs
– Buccal sores

Guanacastle: (Enterolobium cyclocarpum – Fabaceae):
– Red caterpillar sting (bark decoction applied directly to affected area)

Guayaba, Guava: (Psidium guava – Myrtaceae):
– Diarrhea (Tannins)
– Stomach upset
– Excellent source of Vitamin C

Guayacán, Palo Santo: (Guaiacum sanctum – Zygophyllaceae):
– Coughs (flowers as tea)
– Dysentery
– Diaphoretic
– Gastric ulcers
– Syphilis
– Tuberculosis

Guázuma: (Guazuma ulmifolia – Sterculiaceae):
– Diarrhea
– Fever
– Antiemetic
– The fruits contain mucilage

Guázuma: (Guazuma tomentosa – Sterculiaceae):
– Leprosy
– Elephantiasis
– Syphilis
– Skin infections

Helecho macho, Male fern: (Dryopteris filix-mas):
– Anthelminthic, obsolete in modern phytotherapy
– May cause abortion
– Avoid in pregnancy and lactation
– Avoid in children

Hierba de lavíbora: (Zorrica spp. – Asteraceae):
– Taken as tea to treat “Pasmo”
– Antidote vs. poisoning
– Anti-inflammatory (topical application)

Hierba del cáncer: (Cuphea aequipetala – Lythraceae):
– Antiseptic
– Boils, skin tumours
– Diarrhea (leaf infusion)
– Wounds
– Avoid in pregnancy
– Avoid in children

Hierba del carbonero: (Baccharis sarothroides – Asteraceae):
– Colds
– Muscular pain

Hierba del golpe: (Oenothera rosea – Onagraceae):
– Bruises
– Colic
– Skin (topically) (infusion) inflammation (poultice, topically)

Hierba del pollo (Matláli): (Commelina stans – Commelinaceae):
– Arthritis (topically)
– Colic
– To treat diarrhea, the leaves are blended with water, lime juice and honey
– Hemostatic; fresh crushed leaves applied directly to cut

Hierba del Zorrillo: (Petiveria alliacea – Phytolaccaceae):
– Fever
– Seizures
– Weakness
– Avoid in small children, pregnancy and lactation

Hierba de San Francisco: (Heimia salicifolia – Lithraceae):
– Bruises, inflammation (ground leaves applied topically as plaster)
– Cold bladder (branch decoction as bath)

Hierba Luisa: (Aloysia triphylla – Verbenaceae):
– Tea from leaves is taken to treat anxiety, diarrhea and stomach upset
– Leaves have citrus-like aroma

Hierba de la golondrina, Spurge: (Euphorbia spp):
– White latex from the plant is famed for curing “spots on the eye”

Higuerilla, Ricino, Castor oil, Palma christi: (Ricinus communis – Euphorbiaceae):
– Fever, headache
– Purgative
– Seeds very poisonous
– Lectins cause hemagglutination of red blood cells
– Avoid internal use

Hoja santa Tlanepaquelite, Momo: (Piper sanctum – Piperaceae):
– Tea from stems and leaves is used to treat “susto” or fright

Huinólo, Chiráhui: (Acacia cuchliacanta – Fabaceae):
– Colds
– Diarrhea
– Gastritis
– Typhoid fever
– Urinary problems

Huizache: (Acacia farnesiana – Fabaceae):
– Diabetes
– Diarrhea
– Dyspepsia (flowers)
– Fever
– Kidney pain
– Tuberculosis (root)

Hule: (Castilleja elastica – Moraceae):
– Dislocations
– Fractures
– Latex applied topically
– “Vilmas”(bandages)

Flor de Jamaica, Hibiscus, Roselle: (Hibiscus sabdariffa – Malvaceae):
– May lower cholesterol
– Diuretic
– Fever
– Laxative, digestive

Lágrimas de San Pedro, Job’s tears: (Coix lachryma-jobi – Poaceae):
– Tea from the leaves is used to treat diabetes

Llanten, Plantain: (Plantago spp.):
– Burns, bruises, and mouth sores (boil 100 grams of leaves in 500 ml of water, and wash the affected area)


Madroño: (Arbutus xalapensis – Ericaceae):
– Kidney
– Leaf pain decoction
– Ingested
– Avoid as tea in pregnancy

Magnolia: (Magnolia grandiflora – Magnoliaceae):
– Cardiac problems
– Nerves
– Seizures
– Avoid in pregnancy
– A tea from the bark serves as a general tonic, but too much causes the heart to beat irregularly

Maguey, Century plant: (Agave spp. – Agavaceae):
– The leaf juice is taken internally to treat constipation and other digestive ailments
– Aguamiel (sugar extract from root) used against gonorrhea
– For bruises and pains resulting from hard blows to the body, squeeze juice from a roasted leaf, boil it down, sweeten, and drink

Mangle Rojo: (Rhizophora mangle – Rhizphoraceae):
– Diabetes
– Dysentery
– Kidney pain (bark decoction as tea)

Mango: (Mangifera indica – Anacardiaceae):
– Originally from Asia
– Mouth infections (seed decoction as mouthwash)
– Stomachache (bark decoction as tea)

Mata ratón, Cocoíte: (Gliricidia sepium – Fabaceae):
– Fever
– Stomach upset
– Leaves are used as rodent poison
– Wound (sap of bark, leaves and roots)
– Avoid internally
– Insecticidal, Antifungal, Antiviral – The juice from leaves is applied to daily for one week to areas affected by external parasites

Mata ratón, Cocoíte: (Gliricidia sepium – Fabaceae):
– Fever
– Stomach
– Leaves upset are used as rodent poison
– Avoid internally

Mezquite: (Prosopis juliflora – Fabaceae):
– Boils (leaves)
– Conjunctivitis (leaves)
– Stomach upset

Muicle: (Justicia spicigera – Acanthaceae):
– Tea from aerial parts taken to treat constipation
– Mange (branch decoction applied topically)
– Rash
– Dysentery (use tea from the leaves to combats)

Nanche, Golden spoon: (Byrsonima crassifolia – Malpighiaceae):
– Astringent action used to treat diarrhea
– Fungal infections of the gums
– Loose teeth
– Digestion and appetite (to improve, cook the bark and drink the tea)

Naranjo agrio, Sour orange): Citrus aurantium):
– General tonic, calming agent, for heart palpitations, and epilepsy (tea from the leaves is used)

Nogal, Walnut: (Juglans regia):
– Wash skin sores and cure thrush in infants with a tea made from boiled leaves

Nopal, Prickly pear cactus: (Opuntia spp. Cactaceae):
– Stems eaten raw or cooked to treat diabetes
– Stems contain mucilage and fiber
– Pulverized cactus capsules taken to lower cholesterol
– Digestive
– Obesity (fibre)

Nopal duraznillo: (Opuntia leucotricha – Cactaceae):
– Stem eaten to treat diabetes
– Diarrhea
– Urinary problems

Ocote colorado: (Pinus patula – Pinaceae):
– Sore throat (hoarseness)
– Branch decoction taken as tea
– Colds

Ortiga, Jatropa: (Jatropha spp.):
– Several different plants are called ortiga, but the roots of this one are used against venereal diseases

Palo bobo: (Ipomoea arborescens – Convolvulaceae):
– Cardiac problems
– Fever
– Spleen
– “Madness”
– Toxic to ruminants (causes emaciation)

Palo de Brasil: (Haematoxylon brasiletto – Fabaceae):
– Tea made from branches taken to treat depression, fever and urinary problems (infections, kidney stones)

Palo de Campeche, Tinto: (Haematoxylon campechianum – Fabaceae):
– Branch decoction taken as tea to treat:
– Diarrhea and dysentery
– Venereal disease (blood purifier)

Palo dulce, Eysenhardtia: (Eysenhardtia polystachya):
– For kidney problems, place wood chips into water, and when the water turns blue, then red or amber, drink

Palo fierro: (Olneya tesota – Fabaceae):
– Asthma
– Fever
– Loose teeth
– Stomach ache

Palo mulato: (Bursera grandifolia – Burseraceae):
– A decoction of the bark is taken as tea against fever
– Headache
– Stomachache (branch decoction applied topically as poultice)

Papayo: (Carica papaya – Caricaceae):
– Asthma (boiled leaves as plaster)
– Digestive (pulp)
– Insect bite (latex)
– Meat tenderizer (seeds)
– Seeds used to expel worms

Pata de vaca: (Bauhinia divaricata – Fabaceae):
– Asthma
– “Cesido”
– Dysentery
– “Empacho”
– Icterus
– Worms

Pata de leon, Wild Geranium: (Geranium spp.):
– An infusion of this herb is added to the bath water of babies to rid them of the rash; the brew is also good for washing wounds.

Pegarropa, Pegajosa: (Mentziella hispida – Loasaceae):
– Venereal disease
– Depurative
– Purgative
– Avoid in pregnancy

Pica: (Mucuna pruriens – Fabaceae):
– The hairs covering pod are mixed with porridge to expel worms
– This product is ingested before breakfast
– Avoid in pregnancy
– Allergenic to skin

Pingüica: (Ehretia tinifolia – Boraginaceae):
– Leaves and fruits used to make tea for treatment of urinary ailments

Pinguica, Manzanita: (Arctostaphylos pungens):
– For kidney problems, drink a tea made from boiled leaves and fruits

Piñoncillo: (Jatropha curcas – Euphorbiaceae):
– Abortifacient
– Candidiasis (oral)
– Oral infections
– Purgative (latex and roasted seeds)
– Potentially toxic
– Avoid internally

Pirúl, Arbol del Perú: (Schinus molle – Anacardiaceae):
– Tea made from leaves is used to treat diverse ailments including: colic, conjunctivitis, coughs, gonorrhea, rheumatism and tuberculosis
– The plant can be a skin allergen

Pitahaya: (Lemaireocereus thurberi – Cactaceae):
– Tea made from the plant used to treat diabetes
– Snakebite (unproven treatment)
– Stings

Plátano, Banana: (Musa sapientum – Musaceae):
– Fruit is used to treat gall bladder ailments and diarrhea
– Fruit peel decoction taken as tea
– Fruit is rich source of potassium and carbohydrates

Pongolote: (Cochliospermum vitifolium – Cochlospermaceae):
– Enemas (bark decoction) for digestive problems and body cleansing

Puán: (Muntingia calabura – Eleocarpaceae):
– A decoction made from the plant is used externally to treat measles, urticaria and skin infections

Quelite, Bledo, Lamb’s quarters: (Amaranthus hybridus – Amaranthaceae):
– Tea made from the plant is used to treat diarrhea and intestinal – hemorrhages
– Leaves are edible, but may contain oxalates
– Externally, the leaves are applied as a poultice to treat skin infections

Quiebra muelas, Milkweed: (Asclepias curassavica – Asclepiadaceae):
– Boils (leaf poultice applied topically)
– Toothache (latex applied topically)
– Avoid internal use, potentially toxic

Quiebra muelas, Milkweed: (Asclepias curassavica – Asclepiadaceae):
– Boils (leaf poultice applied topically)
– Toothache (latex applied topically)
– Avoid internal use, potentially toxic

Ramón: (Brosimum alicastrum – Moraceae):
– Boils (bark decoction as tea or wash)
– Coughs
– Kidney pain (leaf decoction as tea)

Roble: (Tabebuia rosea – Bignoniaceae):
– Callous feet (bark applied topically)
– Fever
– Rheumatism (branch decoction applied as bath)

Romero, Rosemary: (Rosmarinus officinalis):
– To improve the digestion, drink a tea made of the boiled leaves

Ruda, Rue: (Ruta graveolens):
– Highly regarded for its abilities to induce menstruation, and to abort fetuses; in too high concentrations, it is exceedingly poisonous.

Salvia, Sage: (Salvia spp. – Lamiaceae):
– Tea from leaves is used to treat menstrual problems such as hot flashes in menopause
– Topically as skin antiseptic
– Essential oil is neurotoxic, avoid in epilepsy
– Avoid in patients with high blood pressure
– Avoid in small children
– Avoid in pregnancy and lactation

Sangre de drago, Sangregrado: (Jatropha dioica – Euphorbiaceae):
– Applied topically for alopecia and dandruff
– Branch decoction as rinse or mouthwash
– Avoid internally
– Drastic purgative

Sangre de grado: (Croton draco – Euphorbiaceae):
– Latex from the branch and fruit applied topically to treat candidiasis and stomatitis
– Avoid internally
– Drastic purgative

Saúco, Mexican elder: (Sambucus mexicana – Caprifoliaceae):
– Arthritis and rheumatism (leaves- externally)
– Coughs, bronchitis (flowers-infusion)
– Expectorant
– Whooping cough
– Unripe berries may cause digestive upset (diarrhea, vomiting)
– Avoid bark, root or berries in small children, as well as during pregnancy and lactation

Sávila, Zábila, Aloe: (Aloe spp . – Liliaceae):
– Gel is emollient and used topically for skin cuts, infections and burns (usually safe)
– Latex is purgative, used to treat constipation and diabetes, but may cause toxicity
– Leaf preparations may cause uterine contractions, avoid in pregnancy and lactation
– Avoid internally, it may be irritating to intestine and kidneys

Tabachín: (Caesalpinia pulcherrima – Fabaceae):
– Flower infusion (tea) is used to treat coughs and a condition known as “Oguío”

Tabaco coyote, Wild tobacco: (Nicotiana glauca – Solanaceae):
– Arthritis (topical)
– Asthma (smoked)
– Fever ( leaves applied on stomach)
– Headache (leaves applied on temples)
– Contains nicotine
– Avoid in pregnancy, lactation, and in small children

Taray: (Eysenhardtia polystachya – Leguminosae):
– The bark is used as a tea (diuretic)

Táscate, Juniper: (Juniperus deppeana – Pinaceae):
– Neuralgia – rheumatism (topical)
– Nocturnal enuresis in children
– Avoid in pregnancy and lactation
– Avoid internal use

Tatachinole: (Tournefortia hartwegiana – Boraginaceae):
– A decoction from the roots is taken to treat coughs, kidney stones, parasites and rheumatism

Tejocote, Hawthorn: (Crataegus mexicana):
– Used to ‘flush out the kidneys,’ (boil the root in water and drink the tea)

Tepescohuite: (Mimosa tenuiflora – Fabaceae):
– Burns, wounds (pulveri-ed bark, applied topically)
– Gastritis, ulcers (bark decoction as tea)

Tepopote, Mormon tea: (Ephedra antisyphilitica):
– A tea from the boiled stems is used for venereal diseases and kidney problems

Texcalama, Amate: (Ficus petiolaris – Moraceae):
– Chest pains
– Emetic (root)
– Fractures (topical)
– Cathartic
– Stomatitis (latex)
– Emetic (root)
– Avoid in pregnancy

Tilia, Linden, Basswood: (Tilia spp.):
– For coughs, a tea brewed from the boiled flowers is drunk

Tlachichinole: (Kohleria deppeana – Gesneraciae):
– A tea made from the branches is taken to treat gastrointestinal inflammation and kidney pain

Tlatlancuaya: (Irisine celosia – Amaranthaceae):
Insect bites
Typhoid fever

Toje: (Phoradendron californicum – Loranthaceae):
– Used to treat boils, diarrhea and venereal disease
– Potentially toxic
– Avoid in pregnancy
– May cause hypotension

Toloache (Datura stramonium – Solanaceae):
– Asthma ( smoked as cigarrettes)
– Applied topically for skin boils. Hallucinogenic (seeds)
– Rheumatism (topical)
– Used in ethnic rituals
– Can be toxic.

Tronador (Kalanchoe pinnata – Crassulaceae):
– An African plant with anti-inflammatory properties
– Used topically for burns.

Tulipán: (Hibiscus sinensis – Malvaceae):
– Candidiasis (thrush)

Tulipán de monte (Malvaviscus arboreus – Malvaceae):
– Dysentery, gall bladder ailments and stomachache

Tumbavaqueros: (Ipomoea stans – Convolvulaceae):
– Root decoction for epilepsy, hepatitis and nervousness

Uña de gato (Martynia annua – Martyniaceae):
– Epilepsy (seed decoction)
– Unrelated to plant from South America with the same common name (Uncaria tomentosa)

Una de gato: (pisonia, Pisonia aculeata):
– Several plants go by this name, but for this one, a member of the four o’clock family, drink tea from boiled leaves and bark to ease arthritic pain in joints

Vara Blanca (Croton fragilis – Euphorbiaceae):
– Diarrhea (the bark decoction is used as tea)
– Stomach upset, as a purgative and for malaria (the bark decoction is used as tea)

Wereke, Guareque (Ibervillea sonorae – Cucurbitaceae):
– The dried root is used to make a decoction to treat diabetes
– The pulverized root is applied to skin as an antiseptic
– Avoid in pregnancy and lactation.

Zapo, Lomboy blanco: (Jatropha cinerea):
– Leaf decoction is used for scabs
– The sap is a purgative
– Avoid in pregnancy.

Zacatechichi Calea:
– Tea from the leaves promotes appetite and is also used to treat fever and stomach ailments, such as colic, and diarrhea.

Zacate limon: (lemon-grass, or citronella, Cymbopogon nardus):
– The lemony brewed tea is a good anti-flatulent and soothes the intestines in general

Zoapatle, Cíhuatlpatli:
– Tea from the leaves is used to promote labour and as a contraceptive
– Avoid internal
– Avoid in pregnancy and lactation (potentially toxic to both mother and child).

Zapote blanco, White sapota: (Casimiroa edulis – Rutaceae):
– A decoction of the seeds and leaves is used to treat insomnia and high blood pressure
– The seeds are hypnotic and are toxic in large doses
– Avoid in pregnancy

Sources: mexicana

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