Latin Name: Petiveria alliacea
Synonyms: Mapa graveolens Vell., P. corrientina Rojas, P. foetida Salisb., P. graveolens (Vell.) Stellfeld, P. hexandria, P. paraguayensis
Common Names: Anamu, Apacin, Apacina, Apazote de Zorro, Aposin, Aveterinaryte, Calauchin, Congo root, Emeruaiuma, Garlic weed, Guinea Henweed, Guinea, Guinea Hen leaf, Gully root, Herbe aux Poules, Hierba de las Gallinitas, Huevo de Gato, Kojo root, Kuan, Kudjuruk, Lemtewei, Lemuru, mal pouri, mapurit, mapurite, Mucura-caa, Mucura, Mucuracáa, Ocano, Payche, Pipi, Tipi, Verbena Hedionda, Verveine Puante, Zorrillo
Anamu is an herbaceous perennial that grow s up to a meter in height. It is indigenous to the Amazon rainfo rest and tropical areas of Central and South Am erica, the C aribbean, and Africa. It is sometimes called “garlic weed” as the plant, and especially the roots, have a strong garlic odour.
Properties and Actions
Abortifacient, analgesic, anthelmintic, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antileukemic, antimycobacterial, antioxidant, antiproliferative, antipyretic, antirheumatic, antispasmodic, antitumorous, antiviral, antiyeast, anxiolytic, cytostatic, cytotoxic, diuretic, emmenagogue, hypoglycemic, immunostimulant, insecticide, stimulant, sedative, sudorific, vermifuge
Parts of Anamu Used Medicinally
Argentina – Antiseptic, colds, diarrhea, diuretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, headache, respiratory tract infections, rheumatism, swellings, toothache, urinary infections
Brazil – Abortive, analgesic, anthelmentic, antirheumatic, asthma, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, arthritis, emmenagogue, cancer, diabetes, diaphoretic, diuretic, fever, headache, inflammation, insecticide, malaria, osteoartritis, poison (arrow), repellant (bat), rheumatism, sedative, spasm, toothache, venereal disease, vermifuge
Colombia – Dentition (caries prevention), parturition, snakebite
Cuba – Abortive, anti-inflammatory, cancer, diabetes
Guatemala- Abscesses, ache (stomach), blood disorders, dermatitis, diarrhea, emmenagogue, erysipelas, fever, furuncles, headache, inflammation (skin), menstruation, pimples, pustules, ringworm, sinusitis, skin disease, skin eruptions, skin fungus, stomach cramps, scrofula
Latin America – Abortifacient, depurative, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, hysteria, nerve, spasm, sudorific, vermifuge
Mexico – Abortifacient, boils, catarrh, childbirth, cold, depurative, diuretic, ecbolic, emmenagogue, epilepsy, expectorant, fever, headache, heat rash, hives, hysteria, influenza, nerve, paralysis, pimples, pustules,
rabies, repellant (insect), rheumatism, spasm, sudorific, toothhache, tumor, venereal, vermifuge
Nicaragua – Aches, colds, coughs, heart, kidneys, liver, pains, pulmonary disorders, respiratory disorders, snakebite
Paraguay – Abortive, digestive diseases, emmenagogue, fever, flu, insecticide, pain (muscular), sinusitis, skin disease, toothache
Puerto Rico – Abortive, cholera, childbirth, emmenagogue, fever
Peru – Colds, flu, hallucinogenic
Trinidad – Abortifacient, counter-irritant, cystitis, decoagulant, depurative, dysmenorrhea, flu, head cold, venereal, womb
Venezuela – Abortifacient, caries, depurative, emmenagogue, root canal, spasm, sudorific, vermifuge
West Indies – Abortive, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, parturition
Elsew here – Abortifacient, ache (head), analgesic, anthelmentic, antirheumatic, asthma, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, cancer, colds, counterirritant, diaphoretic, diuretic, dysmenorrhea, ecbolic, emmenagogue, expectorant, fever, heachache, insecticide, lung, nerve, parturition, pertussis, piscicide, repellant (bat), repellant (insect), rheumatism, sedative, snakebite, spasm, sudorific, toothache, venereal disease, vermifuge
Contraindications, Interactions, and Side Effects
In some literature it is advised that it should not be used by diabetic and pregnant women.
Preparation and Dosage
General dosage – Decoction of 30 g of whole herb infused or decocted in 1 litre of water. 1/4 cup twice daily. The chemicals are water soluble, therefore, powdered whole herb in tablets or capsules (1–3 grams) daily can be substituted if preferred.
In capsule form, Anamu is often sold to provide immune system support in 400-500 mg doses.
To make Jamaican Guinea Hen Weed tea, the plant’s roots, leaves, and stems cut and sun dried. The dried plant is crushed and brewed. The dried leaves are steeped for several minutes. The tea is consumed for relieving different ailments.
Handbook of Medicinal Herbs, Second Edition by James A. Duke with Mary Jo Bogenschutz-Godwin, Judi duCellier Peggy-Ann K. Duke – pg. 323
Herbal Secrets of the Rainforest, 2nd edition, © 2002, by Leslie Taylor
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