Herbs, Parts Used, Properties & Uses

Browse By

Common Name
Parts Used
Latin Name
Family
Properties & Uses
Chemical Constituent
Abelmosk seedsHibiscus moschatusMalvaceaenervine, perfume, aphrodisiac, demulcent
Acacia gum resinAcacia senegal, A. veraLeguminoseaegum, sweets, adhesives, demulcentgums, tannins
Alfalfa leaves, sproutsMedicago sativaLeguminosaenutritiveprotein
Allspice seedsPimenta officinalisMyrtaceaespice, carminativeeugenol, cineole, caryophyllene
Allspice, Carolina barkCalycanthus floridusCalycanthaceaefragrance, spice, cinnamon substitute, antispasmodic
Aloe leavesAloe barbadoensis, A. vera var. officinalisLiliaceaeantiseptic, burn ointment, purgative, GI irritant, not for pregnantbarbaloin O-pentosides, aloinosides, chrysophanic acid, cinnamic acids
Anatto seedsBixa orellanaBixaceaetasteless yellow food dye
Angelica rootAngelica archangelica, A. sinensis, A. spp.Umbelliferaespice, candies, expectorant, carminative, diaphoretic, mild stimulant, antibacterialangleic, fumaric, caffeic, chrorogenic acids, angelicol, angelicin
Angostura barkAngostura febrifuga, Galipea officinalisRutaceaebitter stomachic, appetite stimulant, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, drinksquinolines: cusparine, cuspareine, galipine, galipodine, galipoline
Anise seedsPimpinella anisumUmbelliferaespice, carminative, diuretic, diaphoretic, expectorantanethole
Arnica petalsArnica montana, A. spp.Compositeaevulnerary, external use onlyvolatile oil, arnicin, arnisterol, anthoxanthine, tannin, resin
Arrowroot rootMaranta arundinaceaMarantaceaeculinary, sweetener, anti-diarrhealstarch
Arthritis Root rootHarpagophytum procumbensPedaliaceaealterative, llithotriptic, stimulant
Asafoetida resinFerula assa-foetidaLeguminoseaecarminative, expectorant, candiesferulic, tannic esters, pinene, vanillin, gum, oil
Astragalus various partsAstragalus gummifer, A. glycphyullus, A. sinicus, A. spp.LeguminosaeChinese medicinal (A. sinica), gums, lotions (A. gummifer), some with selenium or alkaloid toxicity
Balm-of-Gilead budsPopulus candicans, P. balsamiferaSalicacewound sealer, expectorant, antisepticpropolis, sap
Balsam-Apple fruitMomordica balsaminaCucurbitaceaeonamental, fragrance
Barberry bark, fruitsBerberis vulgarisBerberidaceaetonic, laxative, refrigerant, antiseptic, stomachicberberine
Basil, Sweet leavesOcimum basilicum, Ocimum spp.Labiateaespice, mild stimulantocimene (an open chain C-10 terpene)
Bay Leaf leavesLaurus nobilisLauraceaespice, carminative, astringentlong-chain esters
Bayberry barkMyrica cerifera, M. gale, M. pennsylvanica, M. californica, M. spp.Myricaceaeastringent, emetic, mild stimulant, sialagogue, hemostatic, dye, insecticide, candle wax fragranceresin, tannin, gum, starch, palmitic, myristic, lauric acids
Belladonna whole plantAtropa belladonnaSolanaceaeantisecretory, mydriatic, antispasmodic, stimulant-depressant, hallucinogen, psychotic, delusinogenatropine, scopolamine
Bergamot leavesMonarda didyma, M. citriodora, M. spp.Labiateaetea, fragrance, mild stimulant, carminativel-linalool acetic ester, d-limonene, carvacrol, cymene
Betel Nuts seedsAreca catechuPalmaceaeparasympathomimetic, stimulant-depressant, dye, narcotic, can cause cardiac strainarecolines (compounds related to the tobacco alkaloids)
Betony leavesStachys officinalisLabiateaeappetite stimulant, cordial, tea
Birch bark, sapBetula lentaBetulaceaecounterirritant, antipyretic, analgesic, irritates ulcers, can cause salicylate poisoningmethyl salicylate
Birthroot rootTrillium pendulumLiliaceaevaginal antihemmorragic, mucous membrane irritanttrilline, trillarin (a diglycoside resembling diosgenin)
Bloodroot sap, rootSanguinaria canadensisPapaveraceaedye, demulcent, expectorant, smooth muscle stimulant, exacerbates glaucomasanguinarine, chelidonine
Boldo leavesPeumus boldusMonimiaceaefragrance, tea, carminative, formerly used in hepatic dysfunction, gastric stimulantvolatile oil, boldine (an aporphine)
Boneset leavesEupatorium perfoliatumCompositeaeantimalarial, diaphoretic, mucilage, emetic, depletes blood sugars, chronic toxicitywax, tremetrol, resin, tannin
Borage leavesBorago officinalisBoraginaceaepotherb, diuretic, demulcent, emollient, may have chronic toxicitypyrrolizidines
Buchu leavesBarosma betulina, Agathosma spp.Rutaceaetea, fragrance, weak diuretic, urinary antiseptic, diaphoreticdiosphenol, volatile oils, flavonoids
Burdock roots, leaves, stemsArctium lappaCompositaediaphoretic, diuretic, demulcentvolatile oils, inulin, tannin, arctiin (a glycoside)
Burnet, Salad leavesSanguisorba officinalis (Poterium sanguisorba)Rosaceaevulnerary, salad herb, tonic, astringent, hemostatic, diaphoretic, herb beer, cordials
Burra Gokeroo seedsPedalium murexPedaliaceaeGI antiseptic, ganglial stimulant, male aphrodisiac, tonic, antispasmodic
Calamus rootAcorus calamusAraceaeanthelmintic, stimulant, carminative, mild hallucinogen, carcinogenasarone, eugenol, pinene, camphene, caryophyllene
Calendula flowersCalendula officinalisCompositeaevulnerary, astringent, diaphoretic, antispasmodiccarotenoids, calendulin, a saponin of calendin
California Poppy sapEschscholtzia californicaPapaveraceaesedative, smooth muscle stimulant, exacerbates glaucomacoptisine, sanguinarine
Calumba rootCocculus palmatus, Jateorrhiza palmataMenispermaceaebitter tonic, toxic?, smooth muscle stimulant, exacerbates glaucomaC. indicus contains picrotoxin, menispermine, cocculine, quarternary berberine-type alkaloids
Camphor barkCinnamomum camphoraLauraceaeincense, counter-irritant, anaesthetic, antiseptic, narcotic, abuse can cause liver and kidney damage2 – bornanone, a C-10 terpene
Capers seedsCapparis spinosaCapparidaceaespice, seasoning
Caraway seedsCarum carviUmbelliferaespice, carminative, anti-griping agent, pedullicide, mild CNS depressantcarvone, limonene
Cardamon seedsElettaria cardamomunZingiberaceaespice, carminativecineole, terpineole, terpinyl acetate
Carob roasted seedsCeratonis siliquaLeguminoseaespice, condiment, sweetener
Carrot whole plantDaucus carotaUmbelliferaespice, diuretic, purgative for bladder, antilithicvitamin A, caryophyllene
Cascara sagrada barkRhamnus purshianaRhamnaceaebitter tonic, strong laxativeanthraquinone glycosides
Castor Bean bean oilRicinus communisEuphorbiaceaepurgative, source of castor oiltriglycerides of fatty acids, mostly ricinoleic and stearic
Catnip leavesNepeta catariaLabiateaetea, feline sex stimulant, antispasmodic, nervine, mild CNS stimulantnepetalactone, citral, limonene, geraniol, citronellal, nerol
Celery seedsApium graveolensUmbelliferaespice, digestive aid, antiseptic, CNS agent, antispasmodicsedonic anhydrides, nitrates
Centaury whole herbCentaurium erythraea, C. umbellatum, C. spp., Erythraea centauriumGentianaceaearomatic, appetite stimulant, bitter tonic, stomachic, blood-purifiererythro-centaurin (bitter principle), eritaurin, valeric acid
Chamomile, Roman flowersAnthemis nobilis (Chamaemelum nobile)Compositeaetea, mild stimulant, appetite stimulant, bitter tonic, emeticanthemides, tiglic esters
Chamomile, German flowersMatricaria chamomillaCompositeaetea, sedative, antipyretic, mild CNS depressantazulenes, sesquiterpenes, alpha-bisabolol
Chapparal leavesLarria mexicana, L. divaricataZygophyllaceaeantiseptic, alterative, expectorant, diuretic, antibiotic, antioxidantNDGA (a powerful antioxidant)
Cherry, Wild barkPrunus serotinaRosaceaearoma, tea, expectorant, cough syrup, stomachiccyanogenic glycosides, emulsin
Chervil leavesAnthriscus cerefoliumUmbelliferaespice, salad herbanise-like terpenes
Chia seeds, sproutsSalvia hispanica, S. columbariaeLabiateaebulk former, nutritive
Chickweed above-ground partsStellaria media, S. spp.Caryophyllaceaedemulcent, refrigerant, poultice, nutritive
Chicory roasted rootCichorium intybusCompositeaecoffee additivefructosans
Chives rootsAllium schoenoprasumAmaryllidaceaespice, potherballyl disulfides
Chrysanthemum, Edible leavesChrysanthemum coronariumCompositaeoriental vegetable, potherb
Chufa rhizomesCyperus esculentusCyperaceaeflour substitutestarch
Cilantro leavesCoriandrum sativumUmbelliferaeculinary herb, see Coriander for seedlinalool, malic acid, tannin, mucilage
Cinnamon barkCinnamomum zeylanicumLauraceaespice, tea, fragrance, perfumecinnamaldehydes
Citronella leavesCymbopogon nardusGramineaeinsect repellant, perfumecitronellal
Citrus peelCitrus aurantium, C. limonRutaceaecandies, nutritive, spice, carminativeflavonoids, limonene, wax, ketonic acids, aldehydes, esters, alcohols
Clover, Red topsTrifolium pratenseLeguminoseaetea, vitamin, proteinproteins
Cloves dried flower budsSyzygium aromaticum, Caryophyllus aromaticusMyrtaceaespice, dental anaesthetic, antiseptic, aphrosidisiac, stimulant, ~allergeneugenol
Cocoa woody fruitTheobroma cacaoSterculiaceaecocoa drinks, candies, emollient butter, demulcent, CNS stimulant, can produce nervousness, sleeplessnessfat, mucliage, theobromine (a xanthine)
Coffee roasted beansCoffea arabicaRubiaceaeCNS stimulant, can cause nervousness, irritates ulcers & mucous membranescaffeine
Cohosh, Black rootCimifuga racemosaRanunculaceaepesticide, bitter astringent, mild emetic, sedativeferulic, palmitic, oleic acids, resin, tannin, cimifugin
Cohosh, Blue rootCaulophyllum thalictroidesBerberidaceaeoxytocic, antispasmodic, emmenagogue, diuretic, not for pregnantleontin, caulophylline, saponins, resins
Cola Nuts fruitCola nitida, C. acuminataSterculiaceaeanaleptic, aphrodisiac, CNS stimulant, diuretic, astringent, irritates ulcers & mucous membranes, can cause nervousnessxanthines, gum, catechols
Coltsfoot leavesTussilago farfaraCompositeaedemulcent, expectorant, emollient, smokabletannin, saponins, resin, pectin, caotchouc
Comfrey leavesSymphytum officinaleBoraginaceaepoultices, internal demulcent, diuretic, laxative, ~allergenpyrrolidizines, allantoin, mucilage, tannin
Coriander seedsCoriandrum sativumUmbelliferaespice, carminative, antipyretic, see Cilantro for leaflinalool, malic acid, tannin, mucilage
Costmary whole herbChrysanthemum balsamitaCompositaefragrance, teas, herb pillows, soups, bitter stomachic, tonic, blood purifier
Cramp Bark barkViburnum opulusCaprifoliaceaePMS antispasmodic, astringent, nervine
Cubeb dried unripe fruitPiper cubebaPiperaceaespice, aphrodisiac, to heal mucous membranes (as a counterirritant?)terpenes, sesquiterpenes, furanobenze, dipentene, cadinene
Cumin seedsCuminum cyminumUmbelliferaespice, linimentpara-substituted isopropylbenzenes, cuminaldehyde
Damiana leavesTurnera aphrodisiaca, T. diffusaTurneraceaetea, smokable, aphrodisiac, euphoriant, antipyretic, tonic, purgative, GI irritantvolatile oil
Dandelion whole plantTaraxacum officinaleCompositeaehepatic tonic, diuretic, stomachic, antilithic, astringent, cholagoguetaraxerol, choline, levulin, inulin, pectin
Devil’s Club roots, bark, leavesOplopanax horridusAraliaceaestomachic, antispasmodic, vulnerary, toothache agent, tonic, charm
Dill seeds, flowersAnethum graveolensUmbelliferaespice, carminative, stomachic, nervinedillapiole
Dita barkAlstonia scholaris (Echites scholaris)Apocynaceaetonic, astringent, anthelmintic, antimalarial, hallucinogenchlorogenine, echitamine, echitenine, alsonine, porphyrine
Dittany, Maryland leavesCunila origanoidesLabiateaespice, herb, tea
Dittany of Crete leavesOriganum dictamnusUmbelliferaespice, antiseptic, preservativecarvacrol, thymol
Dragon’s Blood tree resinDaemonorops dracoPalmaceaecharm, dye, tannin sourcesap
Echinacea rhizomeEchinacea purpurea, E. angustifolia, E. spp.Compositeaealterative, contact parisiticide, antiseptic, sialogogue, analgesic, immune system stimulantinulin, sucrose, 2-methlytetradecadienes, echinacein, caffeic glycoside
Elderberry flowers, fruits, barkSambucus nigra, S. canadensis, S. ceruleaCaprifoliaceaeaperient, diuretic, dye, diaphoretic, cough syrup, PMS antispasmodic, sedative, HCN toxicity, esp. in bark of N. Am. spp.cyanogenic glycoside, sambuline, viburnic acid, tyrosine, tannic acid
Elecampane rootInula heleniumCompositeaetonic, charm, expectorant, diuretic, astringentinulin, alantol, helenin, alantic acid, resin
Epazote leavesChenopodium ambrosioidesChenopodiaceaeseasoning, anthelmintic, toxic in quantity
Eucalyptus leaves, podsEucalyptus globulusMyrtaceaespice, astringent, anti-diarrheal, expectorantvolatile oil, resins, tannin, eucalyptic acid, rutin
Evening Primrose leavesOenothera biennis, O. spp.Onagraceaeastringent, sedative, anti-aging agent, PMS treatment, potherbgamma-linoleic acid (GLA,a prostaglandin precursor)
Eyebright leavesEuphrasia officinalisScrophulariaceaealterative, astringent for eye straintannin, bitter principle
False Unicorn rootHelonias dioica (Chamaelirium luteum), H. luteumLiliaceaeformerly used for conception, sexual tonic, emetic, sialogogue, parisiticide, ~toxic to livestock
Fennel seedsFoeniculum vulgareUmbelliferaespice, digestive aid, carminative, expectorant, mild stimulant, cold treatmentanethole
Fenugreek leavesTrigonella foenum-graecumLeguminoseaespice, bulk laxative, horse’s cure-all, demulcent, aphrodisiac, astringent, emollient, tonic, expectorant, galactagogue, GI irritantprotein, choline, phosphates, trigonelline, volatile oil
Feverfew whole plantPyrethrum parthenium, Chrysanthemum partheniumAsteraceaetonic, emmenagogue, anthelmintic, mild stimulant, emetic, can cause headache & CNS disturbancespyrethrins, insecticidal compounds
Flax seedsLinum usitatissimum, L. spp.Linaceaedemulcent, emmollient, bulk former, mucilage, laxativemucilage, wax, tannin, gum, cyanogenic glycosides
Fleeceflower rootPolygonum multiflorumPolygonaceaegeneral and reproductive female tonic, diureticoxalates
Frankincense gum resinBoswellia carteriBurseraceaeperfume, incensevolatile oil, resins, gum, bassorin
Galangal rhizomeAlpinia galanga, A. officinarum, Kaempferia galangaZingiberaceaerespiratory stimulant, toothache agent, demulcent, antibacterial, hallucinogenflavonoids
Ganja flowering topsCannabis sativaCannabinaceaeappetite stimulant, antiemetic, euphoriant, mild hallucinogen, can cause tachycardia, lowers blood pressuretetrahydrocannibinol (THC), an oxygenated terpene derivative
Garlic bulbsAllium sativumAmaryllidaceaespice, bacteriostat, alterative, antibiotic, expectorant, antihypertensive, antihyperlipidemic, used for heart benefits, GI irritantallyl disulfides
Gentian rootGentiana luteaGentianaceaebitter tonic, stomachic, appetite mild stimulant, digestive aidwater-soluble phenolic glycosides, gentiopicrin, gentiamarin, gentiin
Geranium, Scented leavesPelargonium odoratissimumGeraniaceaemouthwash, ointmentgeraniol esters, citronellol, linalool
Gill-Over-The-Ground leavesGlechoma hederaceaLabiateaemild stimulant, tonic, beer flavoring
Ginger rootZingiber officinaleZingiberaceaespice, carminative, diaphoretic, mild stimulant, GI irritantcitral, zingerone, sesquiterpenes, bisabolene
Ginger, Wild rhizomesAsarum canadense, A. caudatumAristolochiaceaemild stimulant, stomachicmethyl eugenol
Ginkgo leaves, seedsGinkgo bilobaGinkgoaceaeroasted seeds as a culinary, leaves as a memory enhancer
Ginseng rootPanax ginsengAraliaceaetea, mental stimulant, alterative, stomachic, tonic, can lower blood sugargingenosides, sapogenins, ginsenin, mucilage, resin
Goldenrod, Sweet leavesSolidago odoraCompositaeteasanise-like volatile oil
Goldenseal rootHydrastis canadensisRanunculaceaeastringent, hemostatic, douche, antibiotic, emmenagogue, antiseptic, smooth muscle stimulant, dyspeptic, hypotensivehydrastine, berberine-type alkaloids
Goldthread root, plantCoptis trifolia, C. groenlandica, C. spp.Ranunculaceaebitter tonic, oral hemostaticberberine, coptine
Gotu-Kola above-ground partsHydrocotyle asiatica var. minor, (Centella asiatica)Umbelliferaememory stimulant, nervine, psychic energizer, alterative, antipyretic, tonic, diuretic
Grains of Paradise seedsAframomum meleguetaZingiberaceaespice, cordial
Gravel Root rootEupatorium purpureumCompositeaebitter, strong antilithic, diuretic, astringent
Guarana leavesPaulinia cupanaSapindaceaemild CNS stimulant, can cause nervousness, irritates ulcers, mucous membranesxanthines
Hawthorn fruitCrataegus monogyna, C. spp.Rosaceaecardiac tonic, diuretic, astringent, antispasmodic, sedativetriterpene acids, flavonoids, choline, acetylcholine, ascorbic acid
Henna leavesLawsonia inermis, L. alba, L. spinosaLythraceaehair dye, externally for impotence, fungicide, ~allergenlawsone
Hibiscus stems, flowersHibiscus spp.Malvaceaetea, mild stimulant, fiber mats, ropeflavonoids
Hops leavesHumulus lupulusCannabinaceaetea, used in brewing beer, antiseptic, stomachic, diuretic, nervine, carminative, anodyne, cholagogue, sedative, smokablehumulene (a sesquiterpene), lupulon
Horehound leavesMarrubium vulgareLabiateaeexpectorant, carminative, mild stimulant, charm, diaphoretic, tonic, candytannin, marrubin (a bitter hydroxy diterpene lactone)
Horse Mint whole plantCollinsonia canadensisLabiateaegentle tonic, mild stimulant, diuretic, anti-diarrhealresin, saponin, tannin, mucilage
Horseradish rootsArmoracia lapathifolia, A. rusticana, Rorippa armoracia, Cochleria amoraciaBrassicaceaespice, herb, diaphoretic, diuretic, stomachic, expectorantmyrosin, sinigrin, choline esters of allylisothiocyanates, N-sulfates
Horsetail foliageEquisetum arvense, E. spp.Equisetaceaeastringent, abrasive, diuretic, mineral source, can cause muscle weakness, abnormal pulse, hypertensionsilica, nicotine, aconitic acid, equisitine
Hyssop leavesHyssopus officinalisLabiateaepungent spice, poultice, expectorant, mild stimulant, diaphoreticpinene, sesquiterpenes
Indigo, Wild root, leavesBaptisia tinctoriaLeguminoaeaepurgative, emetic, vulnerary, can cause heart arrythmiasglucosides: baptisin, baptitoxine (cytisine), alkaloid
Iris rootIris X florentinaIridaceaepurgative, floral fixative, ~toxic, ~allergeniridin, oleoresin, tannin, gum, camphoraceous substance
Irish Moss whole plantChondrus crispus (various seaweeds)Gigartinaceae (seaweed)demulcent, nutrient, diet aid, bulk former, emollientpolysaccharides
Jalap rootIpomoea purgaConvolvulaceaedrastic purgativeresin, gum, sugar
Jasmine flowersJasminum officinaleOleaceaetea, incense, floralsjasmone
Jujube fruitZizyphus jujuba, Ziziphus jujubaRhamnaceaeflavoring for candies
Juniper fruitsJuniperus communisPinaceaeurinary and general antiseptic, flavoring for gin, diuretic, overdose can cause kidney and personality disorders, convulsions, catharsisterpinenol, alpha-pinene, camphene, cadinene
Kava-kava rootPiper methysticumPiperaceaestimulant tea, or narcotic when thoroughly chewed, causes skin lesions amongst the habituatedmethysticin, yangonin, dihydrokawain
Kelp whole plantLaminaria spp., Fucus spp., Sargassum spp., Macrosytica spp., etc.Seaweednutritive, mineral source, demulcent, bulk laxative, can cause water retentioniodine, bromine, alginic acid
Khat fresh leavesCatha edulisCelastraceaeCNS & spinal stimulant, can cause tachycardia & nervousnesscholine, cathine, cathinone, d-norpseudoephedrine
Khus-Khus rootsVetiveria zizanioides, Andropogon muricatusGramineaeperfume fixative, insect repellantvetiverone, a C-15 terpene, vetivenoids, palmitic, benzoic acids
Kinnikinnick leavesArctostaphylos uva-ursiEricaceaesmokable, diuretic, antiseptic, GI astringent, mild CNS depressantarbutin (hydrolyses to hydroquinolone), flavonoids, gallic, malic acids
Kuthmithi whole plantWiltharia somniferaSolanaceaesedative, tranquilizer, tonicsomniferine, possibly other toxic alkaloids
Labrador Tea leavesLedum palustre, L. groenlandicum, L. glandulosumEricaceaebitter astringent, vulnerary, can cause cause kidney disordersledol
Lad’s Love leavesArtemisia abrotanumCompositeaeculinary, astringent, bitter tonic
Lady’s Mantle leavesAlchemilla vulgarisRosaceaeastringent, hemostatic, vulnerarytannins
Lady’s Slipper rootCyprepedium pubescens, Cypripedium spp.Orchidaceaenervine, antispasmodic, sedative, overharvesting is leading to species endangermenttannin, resins
Lavender flowersLavandula vera, Lavandula spp.Labiateaesachets, perfumes, bath oilseucalyptol, borneol, camphor, linalool, terpineol
Lemon Balm leavesMelissa officinalisLabiateaespice, herb, fragrance, diaphoretic, sedativecitral, linalool, geraniol
Lemon Grass leavesCymbopogon citratusGramineaeincense, pesticide, perfume, carminativemethyl heptenone, citronellal, terpene alcohols
Lettuce, Wild leavesLactuca virosa, Lactuca quercinaCompositeaemild narcotic, analgesic, sedativelactucarine
Licorice rootGlycyrrhiza glabraLeguminoseaeaphrodisiac, stomachic, aperient, expectorant, antispasmodic, androgenic steroid agent, can cause mineral retantion, hypertensionglycyrrhizin (a mild mineral corticoid), gum, tannin, pentacyclic terpenes
Life Everlasting leavesGnaphalium polycephalumAsteraceaeastringent, vulnerary for mouth
Linden flowers, leavesTilia europaea, T. spp.Tiliaceaestomachic, sialogogue
Lobelia leavesLobelia inflataLobeliaceaeexpectorant, stimulant-depressant, emetic, can cause toleranceAlpha-lobeline (a di-(hydroxy-ethyl-phenyl) – 2 – piperidine, a compound related to tobacco alkaloids)
Lotus flower capsulesNelumbo spp.Nelumbonaceaeculinary, soup thickenerstarch
Lovage rootLigusticum levisticum, Levisticum officinaleUmbelliferaemild stimulant, carminative, emmenagogue, stomachic
Love Vine whole plantCuscuta spp.Cuscutaceaelaxative
Ma-Huang leavesEphedra sinicaGnetaceaedecongestant, CNS stimulant, can cause nervousness, hypertensionephedrine
Madder rootsRubia tinctorumRubiaceaealizarin crimson dyeanthraquinones
Magnolia barkMagnolia glaucaMagnoliaceaebitter tonic, diaphoretic
Maha flowersQuararibea funebrisBombacaceaeperfume, flavoring for chocolate drinks at funerals & festivals, hallucinogen5 – membered cyclic enols and enamines
Malva flowersMalva spp.Malvaceaeblack potpourri colorpectin, tannin
Marjoram leavesOriganum vulgareLabiateaespice, carminative, digestive aidlimonene, other terpenes
Marshmallow rootAlthea officinalisMalvaceaedemulcent, emollient, poulticeasparagine, mucilage, sugar, pectin
Matico leavesPiper angustifoliumPiperaceaeastringent, sex stimulant, urinary antiseptic (GI irritant?)Matico camphor, asarone
Mistletoe stemsPhoradendron flavescensLoranthaceaecharm, emetic, hemorragic, can cause CV collapse, weak pulse, vasodilation, smooth muscle contractionstyramine, phenethylamines
Mormon Tea whole plantEphedra vulgaris, E. trifurca, E. spp.Gnetaceaenasal decongestant, CNS stimulant, can cause nervousnessephedrine
Morning Glory seedsIpomoea violacea, Argyriea nervosaConvolvulaceaehallucinogen, purgative, abortifacient, can cause gangrenelysergamides
Motherwort above-ground partsLeonurus cardiacaLabiateaenervine, cardiac tonic, emmenagogue, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, laxative, PMS nervine
Mugwort leaves, flowersArtemisia vulgarisCompositeaeacupuncture moxybustion, dream herb, nervine, diuretic, diaphoretic
Muira Pauma wood shavingsLiriosma ovata, Acanthea virilisOlacaceaeaphrodisiacaromatic resin, muirapaumine, fat
Mullein leavesVerbascum thapsusScrophulariaceaesmokable, demulcent, rubefacient, astringent, counter-irritant, expectorantsaponins
Mustard seedsBrassica nigraCruciferaespice, poultice, counterirritant, carminative, rubefacientmyrosin, sinigrin, choline esters of allylisothiocyanates, N-sulfates
Myrrh gum resinCommiphora myrraBurseraceaeincense, local stimulant, antiseptic, expectorant, mouthwash, embalming fluid, carminativeresin, acetic, formic, myrrholic acids
Myrtle leavesMyrtus communisMyrtaceaefragrance, infusion, gargleeucalyptol, d-pinene
Neem seeds, leavesAzadirachta indica (Melia azadirachta)Meliaceaetimber, antibacterial, antiemetic, soap, toothpaste, insecticide, antipyretic, vulneraryglycerides, nimbin, a terpenic ester, bitters
Nettles leavesUrtica dioicaLabiateaepotherb, vitamin, protein, alterative, antiseptic, hemostatic, nutritivevitamins, A, C, protein
Nutmeg seed, aril (as mace)Myristica fragransMyristaceaeemmenagogue, spice, aphrodisiac, mild stimulant, mild hallucinogenmyristicin, elemicin, eugenols
Oat Straw stems, leavesAvena sativaGramineaenutrient, demulcent, antidepressant, nervine, tonic, antispasmodic, digestive aid, motor ganglial stimulantalbumin, gum, protein, saponin, avenin
Onion bulbsAllium sativumAmaryllidaceaeculinary, spiceallyl disulfides
Oregano leavesOriganum major, O. vulgareLabiateaespice, seasoning herbterpenes
Osha rootsLigusticum porteriUmbelliferaestomachic, respiratory agent, antipyretic, snakebite agent
Parsley leaves, seedsPetroselinum crispumUmbelliferaeherb, diuretic, can raise blood pressurepinene, apiole
Passion Flower leavesPassiflora incarnata, P. edulisPassifloraceaesmokable, spinal depressant, respiratory stimulant, nervine, antispasmodic, sedative, diaphoreticbeta-carbolines, cyanogenic glycosides, contains HCN
Patchouli leavesPogostemon cablinLabiateaeincense, cosmeticpatchoulene, azulene, eugenol, benzaldehyde, cinnamaldehyde, sesquiterpene
Pau d’Arco Tabebuia impetiginosaBignoniaceaeimmune stimulant, anti-allergen, anti-carcinogen, anti-fungal, avoid if pregnant
Pennyroyal leavesMentha pulegiumLabiateaeherb, carminative, diaphoretic, pedicullicide, mild CNS depressant, overdose can cause kidney damagepulegone
Pepper, Red fruitCapsicum tetragonum, C. annuum, C. frutescens, C. spp.Solanaceaespice, GI stimulant, nerve ending stimulant, counter-irritant, irritates ulcers and mucous membranesvanillyl noneamides, carotenoids
Peppercorns fruitPiper nigrumPiperaceaespice, digestive stimulant, mucous membrane irritantpiperidines, piperazines
Peppermint leavesMentha piperitaLabiateaetea, spice, candies, antispasmodic, carminativementhol, terpenes
Pink Root rootSpigelia marilandicaLoganiaceaeanthelmintic, can cause dizziness, heart palpitationsspigeline, resin, tannin
Plantain, Narrow leavesPlantago lanceolataPlantaginaceaeointment for exzema, burns, hemmorroids, bowel pain, laxative, see Psillium for Plantago seedxylin (a xylopyranose derivative related to cellulose)
Pollen pollen from beesApis melliferaInsect productsweetener, vitamin, nutrientsugars, vitamins B & C, minerals, hormones
Poppy seedsPapaver somniferumPapaveraceaeculinary herbalbuminoids, ethiodol, lipiodol, devoid of morphine alkaloids
Prickly Ash stem barkZanthoxylum (Xanthoxyllum) americanum, Z. clava-herculisRutaceaetonic, antispasmodic, flavoring, alterative, rubefacient, emmenagogue, diaphoretic, circulatory stimulant
Prickly Poppy leavesArgemone mexicanaPapaveraceaesmooth muscle stimulant, causes capillary dilation, can irritate glaucoma, emetic, purgativeprotopine, berberine, dihydrosanguinarine, sanguinarine
Prince’s Pine whole plantChimaphila umbellata, C. spp.Ericaceaealterative, diuretic, astringent, tonicchimaphilin, arbutin, erecolin, tannins
Psillium fruit, husksPlantago ovataPlantaginaceaeantidiarrheal, bulk demulcent, laxative, emollient, expectorant, astringent, see plantain for Plantago leafcolloidal mucilage
Pumpkin seedsCucurbita pepoCucurbitaceaeGI stimulant, sexual hormone production stimulantprotein, unsaturated fatty acids, carbohydrate, phosphorus
Raspberry leavesRubus ideaus, Rubus spp.Rosaceaenutritive tea, antispasmodic, astringentcitric acid, tannins
Rhubarb stalksRheum officinale, R. palmatumPolygonaceaelaxative, astringent, sialogogue, stomachicanthraquinones
Rose fruits (hips)Rosa canina, R. spp.Rosaceaevitamin C source, tea, astringent, aperientvitamin C, geraniol, citronellol
Rosemary leavesRosmarinus officinalisLabiateaespice, herb, carminative, GI irritantpinene, camphene, borneol, & esters
Rue leavesRuta graveolensRutaceaenervine, anthelmintic, antispasmodic, emmenagogue, rubefacient, skin and kidney irritantmethyl nonyl ketone & esters, ketones, tannins, methyl anthranilate
Rue, Syrian seedsPeganum harmalaZygophyllaceaehallucinogenbeta-carbolines
Safflower flowersCarthamus tinctoriusCompositaefloral, food dye, diaphoreticcarthamin
Saffron flower stigmasCrocus sativusIridaceaespice, dye, respiratory stimulant, aphrodisiac, rubefacient, can cause bradycardiaalpha-crocin (a gentobiose of crocetin)
Sage, Garden leavesSalvia officinalisLabiateaespice, antisecretory, insect repellant, anthelmintic, astringent, perfumethujone, camphor, salvene
Sagebrush leavesArtemisia tridentataCompositaeperfume, antibacterialcamphor
Saint John’s Wort topsHypericum perforatum, H. spp.Hypericaceaeexternal astringent, alterative, nervine, sedative, antidepressant, antiviral, can cause dermatitis through ultraviolet light sensitivityhypericin, an 8-ringed compound
Sandalwood wood chipsSantalum albumSantalaceaeincense, fumigantsantalol and esters, bicyclic C-15 terpenes
Sarsaparilla rootsSmilax officinalis, S. regelii, S. ornata, S. spp.Liliaceaetoothache, male hormone adjunct, tonic, diaphoretic, alterativeresin, oxalates, phytosterols, adrenal hormones
Sassafrass root barkSassafrass albidumLauraceaespice, tea, tonic, alterative, carcinogensafrole
Savory, Summer leavesSatureja hortensisLabiateaeherb, garnishcarvacrol
Savory, Winter leavesSatureja montanaLabiateaeherb, stronger than summer savory, liquerscarvacrol
Saw Palmetto fruitsSerenoa repens, S. serrulataPalmaceaeGI stimulant, glandular stimulant, bladder analgesic, tonic, antiseptic, can cause diarrheafatty acids and esters
Schisandra fruitsSchisandra glabra, S. sp.Schisandraceae (Magnoliaceae)ornamental, tonic, sedative
Sea Holly leavesEryngium maritmumUmbelliferaeaphrodisiac, candies, nervine, alterative, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, mild stimulant, expectorant, used in kidney & bladder disease
Senna leaves, podsCassia speciesLeguminoseaelaxative, anthelmintic, anti-griping agent, can cause dermatitissitosterol, anthraquinone glycosides, chrysophanic, flavonoids, emodins
Sensitive Plant leavesMimosa pudicaLeguminoseaesmokable, sexual stimulant when touched (!)tryptamines
Serpolet leavesThymus serpyphyllumLabiateaespice, antispasmodic, nervine, especially for genital nerves
Sesame seedsSesamum orientale, S. indicumPedaliaceaespice, aphrodisiacoil, Calcium
Shiso leavesPerilla frutescensLabiateaesushi ginger spice, herb
Skullcap whole plantScutellaria laterifloraLabiateaesmokable, sedative, antispasmodic, nervinescutellarin (a flavonoid), tannins
Slippery Elm barkUlmus fulvaUlmaceaeastringent, nutritive for invalids, demulcentmucilage, starch, oxalates, polysaccharides, tannins
Snakeroot, Indian rootPolygala senegaPolygalaceaepurgative, expectorant, stimulates secretions
Snakeroot, Indian rootsRauwolfia serpentinaApocynaceaestrong tranquilizer, strong depressant action sometimes fatalrauwolfine, serpentine
Snakeroot, Virginia rootAristolochia serpentariaAristolochiaceaearomatic bitter, snakebite agent, emetic, can cause vertigo, abortifacientaristolochic acid, an aromatic nitrate
Solomon’s Seal rootConvallaria multifloraLiliaceaetonic, demulcent, astringent, emetic, contains potent and dangerous cardioactive glycosidesconstituents unknown, same genus contains cardiac glycosides
Spearmint leavesMentha viridisLabiateaecarminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, herbcarvone, limonene, pinene
Speedwell flowersVeronica officinalisScrophulariaceaetonic, alterative, diuretic, expectorant, diaphoretic
Spicebush leaves, twigsLindera benzoinLauraceaetea, perfume, anthelmintic, antipyretic
Spikenard, American rootAralia racemosa, A. spinosaAraliaceaemild stimulant, alterative, expectorant, flavoringstarch, pectin, resin, active compound not isolated
Star Anise seedsIllicium verumMagnoliaceaespice, mild stimulant, carminativeanethole, phellandrene
Stevia leavesStevia rebaudianaCompositaesweetenerstevioside (a diterpene glycoside)
Storax gum resinLiquidambar styracifluaHammamelidaceaebreath sweetenerstoresin, benzoates, cinnamates, cinnamic acid, styrene
Strawberry leavesFragaria vesca, F. spp.Rosaceaemild astringent, nutritive, antihistamine catalystvitamin C, minerals, catechins
Strychnine seedsStrychnos nux-vomicaLoganiaceaecatalyst, spinal stimulant, tonic, can can cause rapid pulse, convulsions, deathstrychnine
Sumac fruitsRhus glabra, R. aromatica, R. typhina, R. spp.Anacardiaceaetea, astringentalbumin, gum, tannin, resin, malic acid
Sweet Cicely rootOsmorrhiza odorata, O. spp., Myrrhis odorataUmbelliferaearomatic, carminative, expectorant, stomachicanise-like volatile oil
Tamarind seed pulpTamarindus indicaLeguminosaesour flavoring, soup thickener, curries, chutneyscitric, malic acids, potassium, gum, pectin, grape sugar
Tansy herbTanacetum vulgareCompositaebitter tonic, anthelmintic, abortifacient, can cause convulsionsresins, thujone, camphor, borneol
Tarragon leavesArtemisia dracunculus, A. dracunculoidesCompositaeherb
Tea leavesThea sinensis, Camellia sinensisTheaceae, TernstroemiaceaeCNS stimulant, anticarcinogen, can cause nervousness, can cause cardiac strainxanthines
Tea Tree foliageMelaleuca quinquenervia, M. cajuputi, M. alternifolia, M. spp., Leptospermum ericoides, L. petersonii, L. scoparium, L. spp.Myrtaceaetimber, tea, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, antiseptic, anthelmintic, mild stimulant, vulnerary, expectorant, various essential oils (cajuput, niaoli from Leptospermum spp., tea-tree oil from Melaleuca spp.), counter-irritant, elevates blood pressurecineol, terpineol, valeric, benzoic and butyric aldehydes
Teaberry fruitGaultheria procumbensEricaceaetea, spice, carminative, anti-rheumatic, anticarcinogen, diureticmethyl salicylate
Thyme leavesThymus vulgarisLabiateaecarminative, antiseptic, expectorant, rubefacientthymol, carvacrol, cymene, pinene
Tobacco leavesNicotiana tobaccum, N. attenuata, N. spp.Solanaceaestimulant-depressant, can cause dependance, lung cancer, heart diseasenicotine
Tonka Bean seedsCoumarouna odorataLeguminoseaeperfumes, vanilla adulterant, toxic, hemmorragiccoumarins
Turmeric rhizomesCurcuma longa, C. domesticaZingiberaceaecurries, condiments, dyecurcumin, cinnamoids, turmerone, alpha-phellandrene, sabinene, cineol, borneol
Valerian rootValeriana officinalis, V. spp.Valerianaceaenarcotic, antispasmodic, tranquilizer, sedativelow MW bornyl esters, camphene, velerines, pinene, limonene, valepotriat
Vanilla podsVanilla planifoliaOrchidaceaespice, fragrancevanillin, vanillic acid
Vanilla Grass leavesHeirochloa odorataGramineaefragrance, liquers, hemmorragiccoumarins
Verbena, Lemon leavesLippia citriodora, Aloysia triphyllaVerbenaceaeteas, potpourris, sachets, drinks, garnish
Vervain flowers, leavesVerbena officinalisVerbenaceaeantipyretic, diaphoretic, expectorant, astringent, antispasmodic, vulnerary, galactagogue, aphrodisiac, teaverbenalin
Violet, Sweet above-ground partsViola odorata, Viola spp.Violaceaedye, perfume, aperient, acid-base indicator, anticarcinogen, cough syrup, nutritive, anodyneflavonoids, salycilates
Wasabi rootWasabi japonicaCruciferaespice and condiment used in Japanese cuisine
Water Eryngo rootEryngium aquaticumUmbelliferaediuretic, mild stimulant, diaphoretic, expectorant, emetic in large doses)
Willow barkSalix alba, S. spp.Salicaceaeastringent, analgesic, antipyretic, ornamental, aromatic tonic, sedative, can cause ulcerssalicylates
Witch Hazel twigsHammamelis virginianaHammamelidaceaeexternally as astringent, hemostaticgallitannins
Woodruff, Sweet whole plantAsperula odorataRubiaceaepot pourri fixative, May wine flavor, hemmorragic, vitamin K antagonistcoumarins, asperuloside, tannins
Wormseed topsChenopodium botrysChenopodiaceaedried arrangements, pot pourri, anthelmintic, ~toxicascaridiol
Wormwood tops, leavesArtemisia absinthiumCompositaecordials, narcotic, anthelmintic, antiseptic, diaphoreticthujone
Yarrow flowering topsAchillea millefoliumCompositaeantiseptic, astringent, hemostatic, tonic, anti-itching agent
Yerba de Maté leavesIlex paraguaiensisAquifoliaceaeCNS stimulant, can cause nervousnesscaffeine, theobromine
Yerba de Santa leavesEriodictyon californicumHydrophyllaceaeexpectorant, tonic, cough syruperiodictyol

Source: researchgate.net

Spread the love

4 thoughts on “Herbs, Parts Used, Properties & Uses”

  1. ClassyGlobal says:

    I’ve not yet seen any detailed information on FASTING. Does dr Sebi or you recommend cold turkey with only water, a progressive fasting to water only or a water and tea fast, what is the process to come out of fasting, short to long fasting, long to short fasting, intervals of fasting? Really wish there was a DONATE/PITCH IN button. You are providing priceless information. I look forward to my financial situation shifting in a manner that will support my lifestyle adjustments as it regards fueling my body. Amazing work. Many thank yous!!!

    1. Ital says:

      Hi ClassyGlobal, sorry for the late response. I wouldn’t recommend cold turkey water fasting unless you are already on a plant-based diet. Dr Sebi actually recommended fasting using the herbs, especially incorporating the Green Food Plus. He noted in a video that everyone should fast at least 12 days per year, using the Green Food Plus and also drinking juices. That being said, water fasting is very effective. If you have never fasted before it could be tough – but, because of it’s ability to help the body heal faster, it’s worth doing. For longer periods of water fasting (beyond 7 days) make sure you have supportive people around you. Some people have to build up to a longer fast, while some people prefer to just go for it. If you are eating a standard diet, then do at least one week raw, then a week of smoothie and juices, then go into your water fast. If you’re already on a plant based diet, do 3 to 7 days all fruits or juice or smoothie before doing your water fast.

      If you need more personal help, please feel free to email me at julie@italisvital.info.

      Love and blessings 🙂

      NB. In future I will put a donate button up, thank you.

  2. masennus says:

    Hi, I do think this is a great web site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I’m going to come back once again since I book
    marked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change,
    may you be rich and continue to help other people.

  3. Vitamin says:

    Great post. I was checking continuously this blog and I’m impressed!
    Very useful information specifically the last part 🙂
    I care for such info a lot. I was seeking this certain info for a long time.
    Thank you and best of luck.

Leave a Reply

For Healthy Mind & Body We Must Maintain A Healthy Colon!CLICK HERE to Subscribe for FREE - 7 COLON CLEANSE RECIPES
+ +