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Herbs - how to use herbs

Herbs Database (List)

The following is a herbs database consisting of scientific names, common names, and synonyms. Multiple species references are abbreviated sp. Different plants with identical
synonyms are both given, separated by semicolons.

Acacia sp.: Acacia
Acanthea virilis: Muira Pauma
Achillea millefolium: Yarrow
Acorus calamus: Calamus
Adam Red: Bergamot
Aframomum melegueta: Grains of Paradise
Agastache sp.: Hyssop
Agathosma sp.: Buchu
Agrimonia eupatoria: Agrimony
Alchemilla vulgaris: Lady’s Mantle
Alehoof: Gill-Over-The-Ground
Alligator Pepper: Grains of Paradise
Allium sp.: Garlic; Onion; Chives
Aloysia triphylla: Verbena, Lemon
Alpinia sp.: Galangal
Alstonia scholaris: Dita
Althea officinalis: Marshmallow
Ambrette: Abelmosk
Ambrosia: Wormseed
American Storax: Storax
Andropogon citratum: Lemon Grass
Andropogon muricatus: Khus Khus
Andropogon muricatus: Khus-Khus
Anethum graveolens: Dill
Angostura febrifuga: Angostura
Anthemis nobilis: Chamomile, Roman
Anthriscus cerefolium: Chervil
Apis mellifera: Pollen
Apium graveolens: Celery
Apocynum cannabinum: Jaborandi
Aralia sp.: Spikenard, American
Archangel Root: Angelica
Arctium lappa: Burdock
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi: Kinnickinnick
Areca catechu: Betel Nuts
Argemone mexicana: Prickly Poppy
Argyreia sp.: Morning Glory
Argyriea nervosa: Morning Glory
Aristolochia serpentaria: Snakeroot, Virginia
Armoracia sp.: Horseradish
Artemesia absinthium: Wormwood
Artemesia dracunculus: Tarragon
Artemesia dracunculoides: Tarragon
Artemisia abrotanum: Lad’s Love
Artemisia dracunculoides: Tarragon
Artemisia vulgaris: Mugwort
Asarum sp.: Ginger, Wild
Asperula odorata: Woodruff, Sweet
Atropa belladonna: Belladonna
Avena sativa: Oat Straw
Azadirachta indica: Neem
Bachelor’s Buttons: Centuary
Balm: Lemon Balm; Balm-of-Gilead; Bergamot
Baptisia tinctoria: Indigo, Wild
Barosma betulina: Buchu
Basswood: Linden
Bearberry: Kinnickinnick
Bee Balm: Bergamot
Bee fodder: Borage
Berberis vulgaris: Barberry
Bethroot: Birthroot
Betula lenta: Birch
Bible Leaf: Costmary
Bissy: Cola Nuts
Bixa orellana: Anatto
Black Indian Hemp: Jaborandi
Blue Flag: Iris
Bluebottle: Centuary
Borago officinalis: Borage
Boswellia carteri: Frankincense
Brassica sp.: Mustard
Burrage: Borage
Button Snake Root: Water Eryngo
Cacao: Cocoa
Calendula officinalis: Calendula
Calycanthus floridus: Allspice, Carolina
Camellia sinensis: Tea
Canadian Hemp: Jaborandi
Cannabis sativa: Ganja
Capparis spinosa: Capers
Capsicum sp.: Pepper, Red
Carrageenan: Irish Moss
Carthamus tinctorius: Safflower
Carum carvi: Caraway
Caryophyllus aromaticus: Cloves
Cassia sp.: Senna
Catarrh Root: Galangal
Catha edulis: Khat
Caulophyllum thalictroides: Cohosh, Blue
Cayenne: Pepper, Red
Camellia sinensis: Tea
Centaurium sp.: Centaury
Centella asiatica: Gotu-Kola
Ceratonis siliqua: Carob
Chamaelirium luteum: False Unicorn
Chamaemelum nobile: Chamomile, Roman
Chamalirium luteum: False Unicorn
Checkerberry: Squaw Vine; Teaberry
Chenopodium sp.: Wormseed, Epazote
Cherry: Wild Cherry
Chimaphila sp.: Prince’s Pine
Chinese Parsley: Coriander
Chocolate: Cocoa
Chondrus crispus: Irish Moss
Chrysanthemum balsamita: Costmary
Chrysanthemum coronarium: Chrysanthemum,
Edible
Chrysanthemum parthenium: Feverfew
Chuchupate: Osha
Cichorium intybus: Chicory
Cimifuga racemosa: Cohosh, Black
Cinnamomum camphora: Camphor
Cinnamomum zeylanicum: Cinnamon
Clover: Clover, Red
Cocculus palmatus: Calumba
Coffea arabica: Coffee
Cola sp.: Cola Nuts
Collinsonia canadensis: Horse Mint
Columbo: Calumba
Commiphora myrra: Myrrh
Cone Flower: Echinaceae
Convallaria multiflora: Solomon’s Seal
Coptis sp.: Goldthread
Coriandrum sativum: Coriander; Cilantro
Coumarouna odorata: Tonka Bean
Crataegus sp.: Hawthorn
Crazyweed: Astragalus
Crocus sativus: Saffron, Indian
Cucurbita pepo: Pumpkin
Cuminum cyminum: Cumin
Cunila origanoides: Dittany, Maryland
Curcuma sp.: Turmeric
Cus Cus: Khus Khus
Cuscuta sp.: Love Vine
Cyani: Centuary
Cydonia vulgaris: Quince
Cymbopogon citratus: Lemon Grass
Cymbopogon nardus: Citronella
Cyperus esculentus: Chufa
Cyprepedium sp.: Lady’s Slipper
Daemonorops draco: Dragon’s Blood
Daucus carota: Carrot
Dent de Lion: Dandelion
Devil Tree: Dita
Devil’s Claw: Arthritis Root
Devil’s Dung: Asafoetida
Diosma ericoides: Buchu
Dittany: Dittany, Maryland; Dittany of Crete
Dodder: Love Vine
Dong Quai: Angelica
Echinacea sp.: Echinacea
Echites scholaris: Dita
Elettaria cardamomun: Cardamon
Endive: Chicory
Ephedra sp.: Ma-Huang; Mormon Tea
Equisetum sp.: Horsetail
Eriodictyon californicum: Yerba de Santa
Eryngium sp.: Water Eryngo; Sea Holly
Eryngo: Water Eryngo; Sea Holly
Erythraea centaurium: Centaury
Eschscholtzia californica: California Poppy
Eucalyptus globulus: Eucalyptus
Eupatorium perfoliatum: Boneset
Eupatorium purpureum: Gravel Root
Euphrasia officinalis: Eyebright
Ferula assa-foetida: Asafoetida
Fo Ti Root: Fleeceflower
Fo Ti Tieng: Gotu-Kola
Foeniculum vulgare: Fennel
Food of the Gods: Asafoetida
Fragaria sp.: Strawberry
Fucus sp.: Kelp
Galipea officinalis: Angostura
Garden Heliotrope: Valerian
Gaultheria procumbens: Teaberry
Gentiana lutea: Gentian
German Chamomile: Chamomile, German
Ginkgo biloba: Ginkgo
Glechoma hederacea: Gill-Over-The-Ground
Glycyrrhiza glabra: Licorice
Gnaphalium polycephalum: Life Everlasting
Goldenrod: Goldenrod, Sweet
Goosefoot: Wormseed
Grapple plant: Arthritis root
Great Flannel Mullein: Mullein
Ground Ivy: Gill-Over-The-Ground
Guinea Grains: Grains of Paradise
Gum Arabic: Acacia
Gum Tragacanth: Astragalus
Hammamelis virginiana: Witch Hazel
Hardrock: Horse Mint
Harpagophytum procumbens: Arthritis Root
Hedge Maids: Gill-Over-The-Ground
Heirochloa odorata: Vanilla Grass
Helonias sp.: False Unicorn
Hemp: Ganja
Herb of Gladness: Borage
Herb of Grace: Rue
Hibiscus sp.: Abelmosk; Hibiscus
Ho Shou Wu: Fleeceflower
Holy Grass: Vanilla Grass
Hop Marjoram: Dittany of Crete
Horse Balm: Horse Mint
Humulus lupulus: Hops
Hydrangea arborensis: Hydrangea
Hydrastis canadensis: Goldenseal
Hydrocotyle asiatica: Gotu-Kola
Hypericum perforatum: Saint John’s Wort
Hyssopus officinalis: Hyssop
Ilex paraguaiensis: Yerba de Mate
Illicium verum: Star Anise
Indian Physic: Jaborandi
Indian Tobacco: Lobelia; Mullein
Inula helenium: Elecampane
Ipomoea purga: Jalap
Ipomoea violacea: Morning Glory
Iris X florentina: Iris
Jasminum officinale: Jasmine
Jateorrhiza palmata: Calumba
Joe Pye Weed: Gravel Root
Juniperus communis: Juniper
Kaempferia galanga: Galangal
Kalumb: Calumba
Lactuca sp.: Lettuce, Wild
Laminaria sp.: Kelp
Larrea sp.: Chapparal
Laurel: Bay Leaf
Laurus nobilis: Bay Leaf
Lavandula sp.: Lavender
Lawsonia sp.: Henna
Ledum sp.: Labrador Tea
Lemon: Citrus
Leonurus cardiaca: Motherwort
Leopard’s Bane: Arnica
Leptospermum sp.: Tea Tree
Lettuce: Lettuce, Wild
Levisticum officinale: Lovage
Ligusticum levisticum: Lovage
Ligusticum porteri: Osha
Lime Tree: Linden
Lindera benzoin: Spicebush
Linseed: Flax
Linum sp.: Flax
Lion’s Tooth: Dandelion
Lippia citriodora: Verbena, Lemon
Liquidambar styraciflua: Storax
Liriosma ovata: Muira Pauma
Lobelia inflata: Lobelia
Locoweed: Astragalus
Lousewort: Betony
Mace: Nutmeg
Macrosytica sp.: Kelp
Magnolia glauca: Magnolia
Maidenhair tree: Ginkgo
Maraba: Galangal
Maranta arundinacea: Arrowroot
Margosa: Neem
Marigold: Calendula
Marijuana: Ganja
Marrubium vulgare: Horehound
Maryjane: Ganja
Maryland Dittany: Dittany, Maryland
Master Of The Woods: Woodruff, Sweet
Matricaria chamomilla: Chamomile, German
Medicago sativa: Alfalfa
Melia azadirachta: Neem
Melissa officinalis: Lemon Balm
Mentha piperita: Peppermint
Mentha pulegium: Pennyroyal
Mentha viridis: Spearmint
Milfoil: Yarrow
Mimosa pudica: Sensitive Plant
Mitchella repens: Squaw Vine
Momordica balsamina: Balsam-Apple
Monarda sp.: Bergamot
Moth Herb: Labrador Tea
Mother of Thyme: Serpolet
Mountain Balm: Bergamot
Mugwort: Mugwort, Tarragon
Muskseed: Abelmosk
Myrica sp.: Bayberry
Myristica fragrans: Nutmeg
Myrrhis odorata: Sweet Cicely
Myrtle: Bayberry
Myrtus communis: Myrtle
Nard: Spikenard
Nelumbo sp.: Lotus
Nepeta cataria: Catnip
Nicotiana sp.: Tobacco
Nim: Neem
Ocimum sp.: Basil, Sweet
Oenothera biennis: Evening Primrose
Old Man: Lad’s Love
Old Man’s Root: Spikenard
Olibanum: Frankincense
Oplopanax horridus: Devil’s Club
Orange: Citrus
Origanum sp.: Oregano; Marjoram; Dittany of
Crete
Orris: Iris
Osmorrhiza sp.: Sweet Cecily
Oswego Tea: Bergamot
Panax ginseng: Ginseng
Papaver somniferum: Poppy
Paraguay Tea: Yerba de Mate
Partridge Berry: Squaw Vine
Passiflora sp.: Passion Flower
Paulinia cupana: Guarana
Pedalium murex: Burra Gokeroo
Peganum harmala: Rue, Syrian
Pelargonium odoratissimum: Geranium,
Scented
Perilla frutescens: Shiso
Petroselinum crispum: Parsley
Peumus boldus: Boldo
Phoradendron flavescens: Mistletoe
Pimenta officinalis: Allspice
Pimpinella anisum: Anise
Piper angustifolium: Matico
Piper cubeba: Cubeb
Piper methysticum: Kava-kava
Piper nigrum: Peppercorns
Pipsissewa: Prince’s Pine
Plankton: Spirulina
Plantago lanceolata: Plantain, Narrow
Plantago ovata: Psillium
Pogostemon cablin: Patchouli
Polygala senega: Snakeroot, Seneca
Polygonum multiflorum: Fleeceflower
Populus sp.: Balm-of-Gilead
Pot: Ganja
Pot Marigold: Calendula
Poterium sanguisorba: Burnet, Salad
Prunus serotina: Cherry, Wild
Prunella vulgaris: Self Heal
Purple coneflower: Echinacea
Pyrethrum parthenium: Feverfew
Quararibea funebris: Maha
Quassia: Senna
Queen of the Meadow: Gravel Root
Rattle Root: Cohosh, Black
Rattlebush: Wild Indigo
Rauwolfia serpentina: Snakeroot, Indian
Red Bee Balm: Bergamot
Reefer: Ganja
Rhamnus purshiana: Cascara sagrada
Rheum sp.: Rhubarb
Rhus sp.: Sumac
Ricinus communis: Castor Bean
Roman Chamomile: Chamomile, Roman
Rosa sp.: Rose
Rose Geranium: Geranium
Rosmarinus officinalis: Rosemary
Rubia tinctorum: Madder
Rubus sp.: Raspberry
Ruta graveolens: Rue
S. columbariae: Chia
Salix sp.: Willow, White
Salvia hispanica: Chia
Salvia officinalis: Sage, Garden
Sambucus sp.: Elderberry
Sang: Ginseng
Sanguinaria canadensis: Bloodroot
Sanguisorba officinalis: Burnet, Salad
Santalum album: Sandalwood
Sarcocolla Gum: Astragalus
Sarenea serrulata: Saw Palmetto
Sargassum sp.: Kelp
Sassafrass albidum: Sassafrass
Satureja hortensis: Savory, Summer
Satureja montana: Savory, Winter
Scabwort: Elecampane
Scullcap: Skullcap
Scutellaria lateriflora: Skullcap
Seneca: Snakeroot, Seneca
Senega: Snakeroot, Seneca
Serenoa sp.: Saw Palmetto
Serpentaria: Snake Root, Virginia
Sesamum sp.: Sesame
Seven Barks: Hydrangea
Shoo Koo: Fleeceflower
Shungiku: Chrysanthemum, Edible
Smilax sp.: Sarsaparilla
Snakeroot: Echinacea; Calamus; Ginger, Wild
Solidago odora: Goldenrod, Sweet
Southernwood: Lad’s Love
Spigelia marilandica: Pink Root
Spignet: Spikenard
Squaw Bush: Cramp Bark
Squaw Root: Cohosh, Blue
Stachys officinalis: Betony
Starweed: Chickweed
Starwort: Chickweed
Stellaria sp.: Chickweed
Stevia rebaudiana: Stevia
Stone Mint: Horse Mint
Stone Root: Horse Mint; Dittany, Maryland
Strychnos nux-vomica: Strychnine
Styrax: Storax
Sweet Flag: Calamus
Sweet Gum: Storax
Sweet Magnolia: Magnolia
Sweet Rush: Calamus
Sweet Weed: Marshmallow
Symphytum officinale: Comfrey
Syzygium aromaticum: Cloves
Tailed Pepper: Cubeb
Tamarindus indica: Tamarind
Tanacetum vulgare: Tansy
Tang Kuei: Angelica
Taraxacum officinale: Dandelion
Thea sinensis: Tea
Theobroma cacao: Cocoa
Thoroughwort: Boneset
Thymus serpyphyllum: Serpolet
Thymus vulgaris: Thyme
Tilia sp.: Linden
Traganth Gum: Astragalus
Trifolium pratense: Clover, Red
Trifolium rapens: Clover, White
Trigonella foenum-graecum: Fenugreek
Trillium pendulum: Birthroot
Tunhoof: Gill-Over-The-Ground
Turnera sp.: Damiana
Tussilago farfara: Coltsfoot
Ulmus fulva: Slippery Elm
Urtica dioica: Nettles
Uva Ursi: Kinnickinnick
Valeriana officinalis: Valerian
Vanilla planifolia: Vanilla
Velvet Dock: Mullein
Verbascum thapsus: Mullein
Verbena: Verbena, Lemon; Vervain
Verbena officinalis: Vervain
Veronica officinalis: Speedwell
Vetiveria zizanioides: Khus-Khus
Vetivert: Khus-Khus
Viburnum opulus: Cramp Bark
Viola sp.: Violet, Sweet
Wake Robin: Birthroot
Wasabi japonica: Wasabi
Water Eryngo: Sea Holly
White Bay: Magnolia
Wild Senna: Senna
Wiltharia somnifera: Kuthmithi
Wintergreen: Teaberry
Wolf’s Bane: Arnica; Aconite
Wood Betony: Betony
Woodruff: Sweet Woodruff
Xanthoxyllum americanum: Prickly Ash
Yellow Root: Gold Thread
Zanthoxylum sp.: Prickly Ash
Zingiber officinale: Ginger
Ziziphus (Zizyphus) jujuba: Jujube

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