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Medicinal Plants Used by the Marakwet Community in Kenya

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A study of the medicinal plants used by the Marakwet Community in Kenya

Conducted by: Wilson Kipkore, Bernard Wanjohi, Hillary Rono and Gabriel Kigen
Published: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 2014

Abstract
Background: The medicinal plants used by herbalists in Kenya have not been well documented, despite their widespread use. The threat of complete disappearance of the knowledge on herbal medicine from factors such as deforestation, lack of proper regulation, overexploitation and sociocultural issues warrants an urgent need to document the information. The purpose of the study was to document information on medicinal plants used by herbalists in Marakwet District towards the utilization of indigenous ethnobotanical knowledge for the advancement of biomedical research and development.

Methods: Semi-structured oral interviews were conducted with 112 practicing herbalists. The types of plants used were identified and the conditions treated recorded.

Results: Herbal practice is still common in the district, and 111 plants were identified to have medicinal or related uses. Different herbal preparations including fruits and healing vegetables are employed in the treatment of various medical conditions. Veterinary uses and pesticides were also recorded.

Conclusion: The study provides comprehensive ethnobotanical information about herbal medicine and healing methods among the Marakwet community. The identification of the active ingredients of the plants used by the herbalists may provide some useful leads for the development of new drugs.

Note: click on the green buttons to read more about each plant such as parts used and uses.

Botanical nameVoucher no.Local nameCommon nameFamilyHabitHabitatParts usedMethodGeneral plant uses
Acacia brevispica
Harms
WBHG/13/081KorniswoPrickly Thorn BonsaiMimosaceaeShrubLowland/ escarpmentLeavesCrushed and rubbed on skinItchy skin rashes
Acacia brevispica
Harms
WBHG/13/081KorniswoPrickly Thorn BonsaiMimosaceaeShrubLowland/ escarpmentLeavesCrused and appliedRemoval of ganglion
Acacia hockii
De. Willd.
WBHG/13/026ChururWhistling thorn/ shittim woodMimosaceaeTreeEscarpmentBarkBoiled and administeredAbdominal (colic) pains
Acacia hockii
De. Willd.
WBHG/13/026ChururWhistling thorn/ shittim woodMimosaceaeTreeEscarpmentBarkBoiled with waterHerbal “tea”
Acacia lahai [Steud. & Hochst. ex] BenthWBHG/13/038SeretetwoRed thornMimosaceaeTreeHighlandLeavesPounded and mixed with other herbsSynergistic herb
Acacia mellifera
(Vahl) Benth
WBHG/13/043NgowoBlack thorn/ wait-a-bit thornMimosaceaeShrubLowlandRootsBoiled and administeredSexually transmitted diseases
Acacia mellifera
(Vahl) Benth
WBHG/13/043NgowoBlack thorn/ wait-a-bit thornMimosaceaeShrubLowlandHigher parasitesBurnt and ashes lickedRheumatism
Acacia nilotica
(L.) Delile
WBHG/13/068NgopkwoThorntree/whistling thornMimosaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentBarkBark chewed when raw or boiledAbdominal (colic) pains
Acacia tortilis HayneWBHG/13/039SesiaShittim woodMimosaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentFruit bodiesBurnt and ash lickedCancer
Acalypha fruticosa
Forsk.
WBHG/13/101SawiyonBirch-leaved AcalyphaEuphorbiaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentLeavesCrushed and applied on the siteScorpion/bee stings
Acokanthera schimperi (A. DC.) Benth. & Hook.WBHG/13/110KelyoArrow-poison plantApocynaceaeTreeEscarpmentRootsBoiled and appliedArrow poison
Albizia spp.WBHG/13/063SeetFlea tree /frywoodMimosaceaeTreeEscarpmentFruit bodiesBurnt and ash lickedCancer
Albizia spp.WBHG/13/063SeetFlea tree /frywoodMimosaceaeTreeEscarpmentBarkBoiled and administeredAbortifacient, Contraceptive
Albuca bracteata (Thunb.) J.C. Manning & GoldblattWBHG/13/049K’dowPregnant onion plantAsparagaceaeHerbLowlandBulbsBoiled and administeredCancer
Aloe spp.WBHG/13/095ChepkenderetwoBurn plantAloaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentLeavesCrushed and sap appliedWounds
Aloe spp.WBHG/13/095ChepkenderetwoBurn PlantAloaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentLeavesSap applied on the operated areaCraniotomy (surgery)
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del.WBHG/13/011TuyunwoDesert dateBalanitaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentLeaves, fruitsCooked as vegetableHealing vegetable
Balanites rotundifolia
(Tiegh.) Blatt
WBHG/13/118LomionNot foundBalanitaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentFruitsCrush the fruits, soak in water and applyPesticide
Berchemia discolor
(Klotsch) Hemsl
WBHG/13/076MuchukwoBird plumRhamnaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentRootsBoiled and administeredErectile dysfunction
Boscia coriacea Pax.WBHG/13/062SorukwoNot foundCapparidaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentSeedsBoiled and administeredObesity
Bryophyta spp.WBHG/13/096ChebumbuGreen MossOxallidaceaeHerbHighland/ escarpmentWhole plantBurnt and ash lickedHeartburn/Teething in children
Bryophyta spp.WBHG/13/096ChebumbuGreen MossOxallidaceaeHerbHighland/ escarpmentWhole plantBurnt and ashes rubbed on the gumsTo relive pain associated with teething in children
Calotropis procera
(Aiton) W.T. Aiton
WBHG/13/079KibouGiant milkweed/ calotropisAsclepiadaceaeShrubLowlandLeavesBurnt and ash administeredEmetic
Capparis cartilaginea Decne.WBHG/13/091ChepteretwoCaper shrubCapparidaceaeShrubLowlandLeavesChewed/ burnt and ash lickedHeartburn/peptic ulcers
Capparis cartilaginea Decne.WBHG/13/091ChepteretwoCaper shrubCapparidaceaeShrubLowlandFlowersDried, crushed and added to meatFood flavour
Caralluma acutangulaWBHG/13/031MochontopokotCarallumaAsclepiadaceaeHerbLowlandWhole plantWhole plant chewedChest congestion
(wheezing)
Carissa edulis
(Forssk.) Vahl
WBHG/13/091LegetetwetEgyptian carissaApocynaceaeShrubHighland/ escarpment/ lowlandRootsBoiled and added to other herbs or used aloneGeneral malaise
Carissa edulis
(Forssk.) Vahl
WBHG/13/091LegetetwetEgyptian carissaApocynaceaeShrubHighland/ escarpment/ lowlandFruitsConsumed in wholeAppetizer
Cassia didymobotrya Fres.WBHG/13/094SenetwoPeanut- butter cassiaCaesalpiniaceaeShrubHighland/ escarpmentDried barkPound and applied on bleeding areaAntihaemorrhagic
(stops bleeding)
Cassia didymobotrya Fres.WBHG/13/094SenetwoPeanut- butter cassiaCaesalpiniaceaeShrubHighland/ escarpmentLeaves/barkBoiled and administeredHypertension
Cassia obtusifolia Linn or Cassia occidentalisL.WBHG/13/070or 070aKipkurkurisSennaCaesalpiniaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentLeaves and seedsBoiled and administeredAbortifacient
Cirsium vulgare
(Savi.) Ten
WBHG/13/013TokoukowoSpear thistleAsteraceaeHerbHighland/ escarpmentLeaves/twigsBurnt and ash lickedHeartburn
Cirsium vulgare
(Savi.) Ten
WBHG/13/013TokoukowoSpear ThistleAsteraceaeHerbHighland/ escarpmentLeaves/TwigsBurnt ash applied on incisions made on the skinTalisman
Clerodendrum myricoides (Hochst.) VatkeWBHG/13/005ChebobetBlue glory bowerLamiaceaeTreeEscarpmentLeavesBurnt and ash licked“Kipei” condition
Clutia abyssinica
Jaub & Spach
WBHG/13/089KapkurelwoSmooth-fruited lightning-bushEuphorbiaceaeShrubLowland/ riverineRootsBoiled and mixed with other herbsSynergistic herb
Clutia abyssinica
Jaub & Spach
WBHG/13/089KapkurelwoSmooth-fruited lightning-bushEuphorbiaceaeShrubLowland/ riverineRootsBoiled and administeredErectile dysfunction
Coccinia grandis
(L.) Voigt
WBHG/13/019MinjilwoIvy groundCucurbitaceaeHerbLowlandLeavesBoiled and used as vegetableTreatment of heavy snoring
Combretum apiculatum Sond.WBHG/13/111LeleiyaRed bushwillowCombretaceaeTreeEscarpmentFruit bodiesBurnt and ash lickedCancer
Commicarpus africanus (Lour.) DandyWBHG/13/065TanagitComicarp (Catalan)NyctaginaceaeHerbEscarpmentLeavesCrushed leaves rubbed on the ganglionRemoval of ganglion
Cordia sinensis Lam.WBHG/13/007AdomeyonGrey-leaved saucer berryBoraginaceaeTreeLowlandTwigsBreak tender twigs for useToothbrush
Crassocephalum manniiWBHG/13/042TerkekwoThickheadAsteraceaeShrubHighland/ escarpmentRootsBoiled and administeredArthritis
Crotalaria incana L.WBHG/13/060KimiraWoolly RattlepodFabaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentLeavesBoiled and used as vegetableAnaemia
Crotalaria incana L.WBHG/13/060KimiraWoolly RattlepodFabaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentLeavesCooked as vegetableHealing vegetable
Croton ciliatoglandulifer OrtegaWBHG/13/077KibichanMexican crotonEuphorbiaceaeLiana/ climberLowland/ escarpmentRootsBoiled and mixed with other herbsSynergistic herb
Croton ciliatoglandulifer OrtegaWBHG/13/077KibichanMexican crotonEuphorbiaceaeLiana/ climberLowland/ escarpmentRootsChewed raw/ boiled with other herbsHeartburn
Croton dichogamus PaxWBHG/13/064KerelwoOrange leavedcrotonEuphorbiaceaeShrubEscarpmentHigher parasites on this plantBurnt and ash licked“Kipei” condition (abdominal pain and oral thrush)
Croton dichogamus PaxWBHG/13/064KerelwoOrange leavedcrotonEuphorbiaceaeShrubEscarpmentBark, roots and flowersBoiled and administeredChest congestion
(wheezing)
Croton megalocarpus Hutch.WBHG/13/045OtonwetBroadleaved crotonEuphorbiaceaeTreeEscarpmentRootsBoiled and administeredPurgative
Cucumisdipsaceu s
C. G. Ehrenb. ex Spac
WBHG/13/055KisangwaBitter gourdCucurbitaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentFruitsCrushed and mixed with little water and administered to patientEmetic
Cyperus esculentus L.WBHG/13/103MorgutYellow nutsedgeCyperaceaeHerbLowland/ swampy areasTubersChewedStomachache
Cyperus esculentus L.WBHG/13/103MorgutYellow nutsedgeCyperaceaeHerbLowland/ swampy areasTubersChewedAbdominal (colic)
pains/Talisman
Cyperus esculentus L.WBHG/13/103MorgutYellow nutsedgeCyperaceaeHerbLowland/ swampy areasTubersChewed or boiledColic pain in children
Cyperus esculentus L.WBHG/13/103MorgutYellow nutsedgeCyperaceaeHerbLowland/ swampy areasTubersChewed and appliedTalisman
Cyphostemma serpens (Hochst. exA.Rich.) DescWBHG/13/021KirorotNot foundVitaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentDried stemBoiled and administeredAbortifacient
Cyphostemma cyphopetalum
(Fresen.) Descoings
WBHG/13/075KibungwachNot foundVitaceaeHerbEscarpmentTubersCrush and apply on the pestsPesticide
Dactylocteniuma egyptium L.WBHG/13/073AnyinyaEgyptian crowfoot grassPoaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentLeavesCrushed and chewed rawHeartburn
Dactylocteniuma egyptium L.WBHG/23/073AnyinyaEgyptian crowfoot grassPoaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentWhole plant Cooked as vegetableHealing vegetable
Digeramuricata L. Healing vegetable
WBHG/13/099ChesugutFalse AmaranthAmaranthaceaeHerbLowlandLeavesCooked as vegetableHealing vegetable
Diospyros scabra (Chiov.)WBHG/13/016TuretwoEbony treeEbenaceaeTreeEscarpmentBarkBoil and patient bathed in concoction and coveredFever in children
Cufod Diospyros scabra (Chiov.)WBHG/13/016TuretwoEbony treeEbenaceaeTreeEscarpmentTwigsBreak tender twigs for useToothbrush
Cufod Dodonaea viscose (L.) Jacq.WBHG/13/098TebelekwoHopbushSapindaceaeShrubEscarpmentTwigsBreak tender twigs and useToothbrush
Dolichos spp.WBHG/13/104KipchororHyacinth beanFabaceaeHerbLowlandDry leavesPound, mixed with water and administeredEnhance lactation in breastfeeding mothers
Drimia indica (Roxb.) JessopWBHG/13/046BarangoyaIndian-squillAsparagaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentBulbsBulb applied on the ulcersCancer
Ehretia cymose var. silvatica GuerkeWBHG/13/066Kabonbonet or MororionStamperwoodBoraginaceaeShrubHighlandBarkBoiled and administeredStomachache
Ekebergia rueppelliana FresWBHG/13/045KerbuEkebergiaMeliaceaeTreeLowlandBarkBoiled and administeredPurgative
Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) E.E. CheesmanWBHG/13/002SosurwoFalse bananaMusaceaeShrubHighland/ escarpmentTip end (flower)Crushed, dried and burnt. Ash lickedHeartburn
Erythrina abyssinica DC.WBHG/13/029KorkorwoCorpse flowerFabaceaeTreeHighlandBarkBoiled and administeredMumps
Euclea divinorum Hiern.WBHG/13/052UswoMagic GuarriEbenaceaeShrubEscarpmentTwigsBreak tender twigs for useToothbrush
Eucleadivinorum Hiern.WBHG/13/052UswoMagic GuarriEbenaceaeShrubEscarpmentBarkPound and applied on the incision made on the bitten siteAntivenom
Faidherbia albida (Delile) A.Chev.WBHG/13/027KokochaApple ring, acacia MimosaceaeTreeLowland/riverine/ swampy areasFruit bodiesBurnt and ash lickedCancer
Faurea saligna HarveyWBHG/13/018SirirteBeechwoodProteaceaeTreeHighlandBarkBoiled and administeredPeriod pains
Flacourtia indica (Burm.f.) Merr.WBHG/13/072TingoswoGovernor’s plumFlacourtiaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentFruitsDry the fruit and useFermentation
Fuerstia africana T.C.E. FriesWBHG/13/004KipirirwoNot foundLamiaceaeHerbEscarpmentLeavesCrushed and sap instilledEye ailments
Fuerstia africana
T.C.E. Fries
WBHG/13/004KipirirwoNot foundLamiaceaeHerbEscarpmentLeavesCrushed and sap appliedToothache
Gardenia spWBHG/13/044Mogilion/ KobilwoForest gardeniaRubiaceaeTreeLowlandFruitsCrushed and administered to patientEmetic/purgative
Grewia villosa WilldWBHG/13/020MokurwoMallow raisinTiliaceaeShrubLowlandLeavesCover milk gourd with itFermentation
Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq.WBHG/13/025SachanAfrican spider flowerCapparidaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentLeavesCooked and used as vegetableHealing vegetable
Heeria reticulata
(Baker f.) Engl
WBHG/13/008Mutung’woRaisin bushAnacardiaceaeTreeEscarpmentBarkBurnt and ash lickedRemoval of retained placenta in both human and animals
Heeria reticulata
(Baker f.) Engl
WBHG/13/008Mutung’woRaisin bushAnacardiaceaeTreeEscarpmentLeavesCrush, soak in water and applyConstipation in animals
Hoslundia opposite Valh.WBHG/13/083SumeyonOrange bird berryLamiaceaeShrubLowland/ escarpmentLeaves, rootsBoiled and administeredColic pain in children
Hoslundia opposite Valh.WBHG/13/083SumeyonOrange bird berryLamiaceaeShrubLowland/ escarpmentRoots, leavesBoiled and administeredAmoebiasis
Hoslundia opposite Valh.WBHG/13/083SumeyonOrange bird berryLamiaceaeShrubLowland/ escarpmentLeavesCrushed, soaked
in water and gargled
Oral thrush
Hypoestes forskaolii (Vahl) Roem. & Schult.WBHG/13/059Sirkonwo/ KaberkewoWhite ribbon bushAcanthaceaeShrubLowland/ escarpmentLeaves , twigsCrush, soak in water and applyPesticide
Iboza spp.WBHG/13/012LonwoNutmeg bushLamiaceaeShrubEscarpmentleavesCrushed and poundPerfume
Indigofera arrecta L.WBHG/13/034SargellatAfrican indigoFabaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentRootsBoiled and mixed with other herbsSynergistic herb
Indigofera arrecta LWBHG/13/034SargellatAfrican indigoFabaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentRootsBoiled and administeredStomachache
Indigofera arrecta LWBHG/13/034SargellatAfrican indigoFabaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentRootsBoiled & mixed with other herbsCancer
Indigofera arrecta LWBHG/13/034SargellatAfrican indigoFabaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentRootsChewedToothache
Ipomoea lapidosaVatkeWBHG/13/078KimuguguCommon morning gloryConvolvulaceaeLiana/ climberLowland/ escarpmentStemBoiled and administeredSexually transmitted diseases
Justica spp.WBHG/13/024KepkalomionJacobiniaAcanthaceaeHerbEscarpmentLeavesBoiled and administeredAbdominal (colic) pains
Kalanchoe germanae Raym.-Hamet ex RaadtsWBHG/13/030KibarbanyAir plantCrassulaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentLeavesPound and rubbed on ganglion areaRemoval of ganglion
Kalanchoe germanae Raym.- Hamet ex RaadtsWBHG/13/030KibarbanyAir plantCrassulaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentLeavesPound and rubbed on painful areaPoultice
Kigelia Africana
(Lam.) Beneth
WBHG/13/048RotionAfrican sausageBignoniaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentFruitsSplit and dryFor fermentation during the brewing of traditional beer
Lannea fulva
(Engl.) Engl.
WBHG/13/056LolotwoNot foundAnacardiaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentBarkPound and mixed with other herbsAntivenom
Lantana trifolia L.WBHG/13/046BekaptaritThree- leafshrubverbenaVerbenaceaeShrubLowland/ escarpmentLeaves/twigsBoiled and administeredAbdominal (colic) pains
Lantana trifolia L.WBHG/13/046BekaptaritThree- leafshrubverbenaVerbenaceaeShrubLowland/ escarpmentLeaves, twigs & fruitsBoiled and administeredEnhance lactation in breastfeeding mothers
Leptadenia hastate
(Pers.) Decne.
WBHG/13/058KipcheginNot foundApocynaceaeLiana/ climberLowland/ escarpmentTender leavesCooked as vegetableHealing vegetable
Lippia javanica
(Burm. f.) Spreng
WBHG/13/053ChebokobilZinziba plantVerbenaceaeShrubHighlandLeaves and twigsBoiled and administeredAmoebiasis
Lippia javanica
(Burm. f.) Spreng
WBHG/13/053ChebokobilZinziba plantVerbenaceaeShrubHighlandLeaves and twigsBoiled together with maize, cassava, groundnuts and even teaFood flavour
Maesa lanceolata
Forsk.
WBHG/13/087MborionFalse assegaiMyrsinaceaeLiana/ climberLowlandWhole plantCrush , soak in water and applyVeterinary use as antipoison
Nuxia congesta FresWBHG/13/082ChorwaBrittle woodLoganiaceaeTreeHighlandRootsBoiled and administeredAbdominal (colic)
pains /Flu
Nuxia congesta FresWBHG/13/082ChorwaBrittle woodLoganiaceaeTreeHighlandRootsBoiled and administeredFlu
Ocimum basilicum L.WBHG/13/028KlachirBasilLamiaceaeHerbLowlandLeavesCrushed and sap instilled on the affected eyeEye ailments
Olea Africana Mill.WBHG/13/032RemitWild oliveOleaceaeTreeHighland/ escarpmentDried barkPound and powder appliedEye ailments
Olea Africana Mill.WBHG/13/032RemitWild oliveOleaceaeTreeHighland/ escarpmentBarkBoiled and administeredItchy rashes
Ornithogalum tenuifolium DelarocheWBHG/13/050KatagwaSea-onionHyacinthaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentTubersCrushed and applied on jointsArthritis
Pappea capensis
Eckyl & Zeyh
WBHG/13/023KibiryokwoJacket plumSapindaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentFruit bodiesBurnt and ash lickedCancer
Pappea capensis
Eckyl & Zeyh
WBHG/13/023KibiryokwoJacket plumSapindaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentHigher parasitesBurnt and ashes lickedRheumatism
Pavetta abyssinica
Fresen
WBHG/13/107CheptabirbirwoNot foundRubiaceaeShrubLowland/ escarpmentBarkCrushed and administeredPurgative
Pentas longiflora
W.R.B. Oliv.
WBHG/13/093ChebirbirgorokNot foundRubiaceaeShrubEscarpmentFruits/barkBoiled and administeredMalaria like symptoms
Periploca linearifolia
Dill. & Rich.
WBHG/13/073SinendeNot foundApocynaceaeLiana/ climberHighlandFruits/LeavesCeremonial plant
Periploca linearifolia
Dill. & Rich.
WBHG/13/073SinendeNot foundApocynaceaeLiana/ climberHighlandFruits/LeavesCrush the fruits, soak in water and applyPesticide
Podocarpus graciliar
Pilger
WBHG/13/067BennetAfrican fern tree/ bastard yellow woodPodocarpaceaeTreeHighlandBarkBoiled and administeredHypertension
Portulaca quadrifida L.WBHG/13/037KitumerioSmall-leaved purslanePortulacaceaeHerbLowlandWhole plantCooked as vegetableHealing vegetable
Portulaca oleracea L.WBHG/13/092ChemorinAsthma weedPortulacaceaeHerbLowlandWhole crushed plantBoiled with other herbsCancer
Prunus africana
(Hook f.) Kalkm.
WBHG/13/014TendwoAfrican plum treeRosaceaeTreeHighlandBarkBoiled and administeredHypertension
Prunus Africana
(Hook f.) Kalkm.
WBHG/13/014TendwoAfrican plum treeRosaceaeTreeHighlandBark/rootsBoiled and administeredEnlarged prostate
Psiadia arabica
Jaub.et Spach
WBHG/13/047KonochoNot foundAsteraceaeShrubEscarpmentBarkBoiled with waterHerbal “tea”
Ricinus communis L.WBHG/13/017MenwaCastor beanEuphorbiaceaeShrubLowland/ escarpmentSeedsCrushed and oil appliedTreatment of hides and skins
Rumex acetosella L.WBHG/13/080KibongbongSheep sorrelPolygonaceaeShrubHighland/ escarpmentTubersChewed or boiled and administeredHypertension
Rumex acetosella LWBHG/13/080KibongbongSheep sorrelPolygonaceaeShrubHighland/ escarpmentTubersChewed or boiled and administeredDiabetes
Saba comorensis (Bojer ex A.DC.) PichonWBHG/13/112OchonRubber vineApocynaceaeLiana/ climberLowland/ escarpment (riverine)FruitsFruit consumedDiagnosis of enlarged prostate
Salvadora persica Wall.WBHG/13/033ChekowoToothbrush treeSalvadoraceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentTwigsBreak tender twigs and useToothbrush
Sansevieria intermediaWBHG/13/009SorogatMother-in-law tongueAgavaceaeHerbLowland/ escarpmentLeavesSap used as baitUsed to kill snakes
Schefflera volkensii (Engl.) HarmsWBHG/13/088TingwonScheffleraAraliaceaeTreeHighlandDried resinResin sniffedInhaled to clear blocked nose
Schefflera volkensii
(Engl.) Harms
WBHG/13/088TingwonScheffleraAraliaceaeTreeHighlandDried resinSmear on bodyPerfume
Sclerocarya birrea
(A. Rich.) Hochst
WBHG/13/106OrolwoAmarula treeAnacardiaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentBarkChewed or boiled and administeredDiabetes
Solanum incanum L.WBHG/13/035KalobotwoThorn AppleSolanaceaeShrubLowland/ escarpmentRootsBoiled or chewed rawAbdominal (colic) pains
Solanum incanum L.WBHG/13/035KalobotwoThorn AppleSolanaceaeShrubLowland/ escarpmentRootsBoiled or chewedColic pain in children
Sphaeranthus ukambensis Vatke & O.HoffmWBHG/13/085MoyonNot foundAsteraceaeShrubLowlandRootsChewed or boiled and administeredStomachache resulting food poisoning
Spilanthes mauritiana (Pers.) D.CWBHG/13/090KibutkutNot foundAsteraceaeHerbHighland/ escarpment/ lowlandWhole plantCrushed and applied on the affected toothToothache
Spilanthes mauritiana (Pers.) D.CWBHG/13/090KibutkutNot foundAsteraceaeHerbHighland/ escarpment/ lowlandWhole crushed plantCrushed and used as mouthwashOral thrush
Spilanthes mauritiana (Pers.) D.CWBHG/13/090KibutkutNot foundAsteraceaeHerbHighland/ escarpment/ lowlandWhole plantCrushed and applied on the area to be operated before surgeryCraniotomy (surgery)
Sterculia Africana
(Lou.r) Fiori
WBHG/13/086IlilwoAfrican star chestnut treeSterculiaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentSeedsChewedErectile dysfunction
Terminalia brownie
Fresen
WBHG/13/069KoloswoMbarao (in Swahili)CombretaceaeTreeEscarpmentBarkBoiled or chewed rawAbdominal (colic) pains
Terminalia brownie
Fresen
WBHG/13/069KoloswoMbarao (in Swahili)CombretaceaeTreeEscarpmentBarkChewed or boiled and administeredJaundice
Terminalia spinosa Engl.WBHG/13/092Kitong’woSpiny cluster-leafCombretaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentBarkBoiled and administeredMalaria like symptoms
Tragiabrevipes Pax.WBHG/13/069KimeleiShortspikenoseburnEuphorbiaceaeLiana/ climberLowland/ escarpmentRootsPound and mixed with other herbsAntivenom
Tribulusterrestris L.WBHG/13/001KilesanBullheadZygophylaceaeHerbLowlandWhole crushed plantChewed or boiled and administeredErectile dysfunction
Tribulusterrestris L.WBHG/13/001KilesanBullheadZygophylaceaeHerbLowlandWhole plantCooked as vegetableHealing vegetable
Uvariasp var. scheffleriWBHG/13/010MurkuiyoNot foundAnnonaceaeShrub/ climberLowland/ escarpmentRootsBoiled and administeredCommon colds/cough
Vangueria apiculata
K. Schum.
WBHG/13/003Tabirirwo (Komolwo ne mining)Triangle-flowered Wild-medlarRubiaceaeShrubHighland/ escarpmentFruitsCooked as porridge and consumedFood supplement
Vangueria madagascariensis Gmel.WBHG/13/041Komolwo neoCommon wild medlarRubiaceaeShrubHighland/ escarpment/ lowlandFruitsCooked as porridge and consumedFood supplement
Vernoniabrachycalyx
O. Hoffm.
WBHG/13/074Kimagoi or ChebongonyIronweedAsteraceaeHerbLowlandRootsBoiled and decoction administeredEmetic
Warburgia ugandensis
Sprague
WBHG/13/109SokwonEast African green woodCanellaceaeTreeHighland/ escarpmentLeavesChewed or soaked in hot water and administeredStomachache
Warburgia ugandensis SpragueWBHG/13/109SokwonEast African green woodCanellaceaeTreeHighland/ escarpmentBarkBurnt and smoked sniffedHeadache
Warburgia ugandensis SpragueWBHG/13/109SokwonEast African green woodCanellaceaeTreeHighland/ escarpmentLeavesCrush and appliedToothache
Warburgia ugandensis
Sprague
WBHG/13/109SokwonEast African green woodCanellaceaeTreeHighland/ escarpmentLeavesChewed or soaked
in water and gargled
Common colds/cough/ sore throat
Warburgia ugandensis SpragueWBHG/13/109SokwonEast African green woodCanellaceaeTreeHighland/ escarpmentLeavesSoaked in water and gargledOral thrush
Withaniasomnifera
(L.) Dunal
WBHG/13/054TarkukaiRed CherrySolanaceaeShrubLowland/ escarpmentRoots/leavesBoiled and administeredAmoebiasis
Withania somnifera
(L.) Dunal
WBHG/13/054TarkukaiRed CherrySolanaceaeShrubLowland/ escarpmentLeavesCrushed and appliedChronic skin ulcers
Ximenia Americana L.WBHG/13/105KunyotwoYellow plumOlacaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentSeedsCrushed and oil appliedWounds
Ximenia Americana L.WBHG/13/105KunyotwoYellow PlumOlacaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentSeedsCrushed and oil appliedTreatment of hides and skins
Zanthoxylum chalybeum EnglWBHG/13/061KochonKnob woodRutaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentBark/seedsPounded together and mixed with other herbsSynergistic herb
Zanthoxylum chalybeum EnglWBHG/13/061KochonKnob woodRutaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentBark/seedsBoiled or chewedAmoebiasis
Zanthoxylun chalybeum EnglWBHG/13/061KochonKnob woodRutaceaeLowland/ escarpmentBarkBoiled and administeredMalaria like symptoms
Zanthoxylun chalybeum EnglWBHG/13/061KochonKnob woodRutaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentBarkBoiled and administeredAdministered to recuperating patients (after surgery)
Zanthoxylun chalybeum EnglWBHG/13/061KochonKnob woodRutaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentHigher parasitesBurnt and ashes lickedRheumatism
Zehneria scabra
(Linn f.) Sond
WBHG/13/097CheseryaNot foundCucurbitaceaeShrub/ climberHighlandLeavesCrushed and administeredCommon colds/cough
Zehneria scabra
(Linn f.) Sond
WBHG/13/097CheseryaNot foundCucurbitaceaeShrub/ climberHighlandWhole plantBoiled with other herbsCancer
Zehneria scabra
(Linn f.) Sond
WBHG/13/097CheseryaNot foundCucurbitaceaeShrub/ climberHighlandWhole plantBoiled and administeredAdministered to recuperating patients
Ziziphus mauritania var. spinachristi
(L.) Wild.
WBHG/13/100TilomwoChrist thorn/jujubeRhamnaceaeTreeLowlandBarkBoiled with waterHerbal “tea”
Ziziphus mauritiana var. spina Christi (L.) WilldWBHG/13/100TilomwoChrist thorn/jujubeRhamnaceaeTreeLowland/ escarpmentBarkChewed rawAbdominal (colic) pains
UnidentifiedWBHG/13/015Mindililwo ne miningHerbEscarpmentLeavesSmokedDrug of abuse
UnidentifiedWBHG/13/048SeremwoTreeEscarpmentBarkBoiled and administeredAppetizer
UnidentifiedWBHG/13/057TuresioTreeHighlandBark/rootsBurnt and with other herbsCancer
UnidentifiedWBHG/13/057TuresioTreeHighlandLeavesBurnt and ashes licked“Kipei” condition
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Prickly Thorn - ital is vital

Prickly Thorn

Reference(s)

Kipkore et al. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 2014, 10:24
http://www.ethnobiomed.com/content/10/1/24

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