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Damiana flower

Traditional Aphrodisiac Plants

Traditional Plants Containing Aphrodisiac Potentials

Sr. No.Name of PlantCommon nameFamilyPart usedReference
1Abelmoschus esculantus (L.)BhindiMalvaceaeRoot[11]
2Abelmoschus moschatusMusk mallowMalvaceaeSeed[12-13]
3Abrus precatorius Linn.GanjaFabaceaeSeed[14]
4Abrus precatorius L.Crab's EyePapilionaceaeSeed[15-16]
5Abutilon indicum (Linn.)ThuthiMalvaceaeSeed, root, bark, leaf[12]
6Acacia catechu Willd.CatechuMimosaceaeHeartwood[12,18]
7Acacia nilotica L. Willd.Gum Arabic treeFabaceaeBark[19]
8Achyranthes aspera Linn.Apamarg, LatjeeraAmaranthaceaeRoot[11]
9Aconitum heterophyllum Wall.AtteshRanunculaceaeRoot[11]
10Acorus calamus Linn.Sweet flagAraceaeRhizome[20-21]
11Actiniopteris radiata Sw.MorshikhaActinopteridaceaeWhole plant[22]
12Adenanthera pavoninaBaragunchiMimosaceaeBark, seeds, leaves[23]
13Alchornea floribunda Mull.NiandoEuphorbiaceaeRoot[24]
14Allium tuberosumChinese chiveZingiberaceaeSeed[25-26]
15Allium sativum L.GarlicLiliaceaeBulb[12,14,28]
16Allium cepa L.PiazLiliaceaeBulb[105]
17Aloe excels BergerZimbabwe AloeAsphodelaceaeLeaf[29]
19Aloe vera L.DhritkumariLiliaceaeGel extracted from leaves[105]
20Alpinia galanga Willd.Java galangalZingiberaceaeRhizome[30]
21Amaranthus spinosus L.ChaulaiAmaranthaceaeLeaves, Whole plant[11]
22Anacyclus pyrethrumAkarakarabhaCompositaeRoot[31]
23Asparagus racemosus Willd.AsparagusLiliaceaeRoot[32-33]
24Arachis hypogaea Linn.PeanutFabaceaeSeeds[23]
25Argyreia nervosaAdhogudaConvolvulaceaeRoot[34]
26Artocarpus heterophyllus Linn.Jack treeMoraceaeFruit, Seed, Leaves, root [23]
27Aristolochia indica L.IswaramulAristolochiaceaeWhole plant[105]
28Atylosia scarabaeoides L.VantuvarPapilionaceaeWhole Plant[105]
29Azadirachita indicaNeemMeliaceaeRoot[11 ]
30Bacopa monnieri L.BrahmiScrophulariaceaeWhole plant[11]
31Bauhinia tomentosa Linn.Manja MandaramCaesalpiniaceaeSeed[12]
32Bauhinia vahliiCamel’s Foot climberCaesalpiniaceaeSeed[12]
33Bauhinia variegate Linn.BauhiniaCaesalpiniaceaeBark[12]
34Benincasa hispida Cogn.Ash gourdCucurbitaceaeFruit[12]
35Blepharis edulis Linn.Utangan/ ShikhiAcanthaceaeSeeds[35]
36Boerhavia diffusa L.PunarnavaNyctaginaceaeRoot[11]
37Bombax ceiba Linn.Silk-Cotton TreeBombacaceaeBark[12]
38Boesenbergia rotunda L.Temu kunciZingeberaceaeRhizomes[25,36]
39Bryonia laciniosa Linn.ShivlingiCucurbitaceaeSeed[105]
40Bussea occidentalisKpayeliCaesalpiniaceaeBark, seed[37]
41Butea frondosa Roxb.Flame-of-the-forestPapilionaceaeWhole plant[12, 25]
42Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.ArharFabaceaeRoot[11]
43Carica papaya L.PapitaCaricaceaeFruit[11]
44Cannabis indica L.Indian hempCannabinaceaeLeaf[38]
45Cannabis sativaBhangCannabinaceaeLeaf[11 ]
46Capparis erythrocarpus Isert.PitipitiCapparidaceaeRoot[39]
47Capsicum annuum L.CapsicumSolanaceaeSeed[40]
48Cassia mimosoides L.Patwa ghasCaesalpinaceaeSeeds, Root[105]
49Cassia occidentalis Linn.KasondhiFabaceaeLeaf[41]
50Cassia sieberiana DCAfrican laburnumCaesalpiniaceaeLeaf[37]
51Celastrus paniculatus Willd.VandangulCelastraceaeSeeds[105]
52Chenopodium album L.White goosefootChenopodiaceaeSeed[42-44]
53Chlorophytum tuberosum Baker.Safed musliLiliaceaeWhole plant[45]
54Chlorophytum arundinaceumMusliLiliaceaeRoot[105]
55Cissus quadrangularis Linn.Edible stemmed vineVitaceaeRoot[12]
56Cocculus cordifolius Linn.GuduchiMenispermaceaeStem, leaf, Root [46]
57Cocos nucifera Linn.CoconutArecaceaeEndosperm[14,47]
58Cola acuminate Schott.ColaMalvaceaeSeed[48]
59Cola caricaefolia G.DonBaoguan LeafSterculiaceaeLeaf[37]
60Cola gabonensis Schott & Endl.Kola nutSterculiaceaeFruit[24]
61Cola nitida Schott & Endl.Kola nutSterculiaceaeSeed[24]
62Cola pachycarpa Schott & Endl.Kola nutSterculiaceaeSeed[24]
63Cola rostrata Schott & Endl.Kola nutSterculiaceaeSeed[24]
64Commiphora caudata Wt. & Arn.Emporium of medicinal plantsBurseraceaeRoot, leaf[12]
65Commiphora mukul Hook. ex StocksIndian bdellium treeBurseraceaeRoot, leaf[12]
66Coriandrum sativum Linn.CorianderApiaceaeLeaf[42]
67Corynanthe pachycerus K Schum.Ivory coastRubiaceaeStem, Bark[39]
68Crocus sativus Linn.SaffaronIridaceaeStigma[25]
69Curcuma amada Roxb.Mango gingerZingiberaceaeRhizome[12-13]
70Curcuma angustifolia Roxb.TikhurZingiberaceaeRhizome[105]
71Curcuma aromatica Roxb.Jangli haldiZingiberaceaeRhizome[105]
72Cymbopogon citratus (DC.)LemongrassPoaceaeWhole plant[12]
73Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D. Don) Soo.Marsh OrchidOrchidaceaeRoot[20,49]
74Dalbergia sissoo RoxbShishamFabaceaeWood[41-42]
75Daucus carota L.CarrotUmbelliferaeRoot[50]
76Desmodium gangeticum Linn.DesmodiumFabaceae (Papilionaceae)Root[12]
77Diodia scandensIvory coast abuseFabaceaeRoots[108]
78Dioscorea bulbifera LinnWild YamDioscoreaceaeWhole plant[41]
79Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb.East Indian ebonyEbenaceaeFlower[12, 41]
80Dolichos lablab Linn.Flat bean, semFabaceaeSeeds[23]
81Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Huru.PutjevEuphorbiaceaeLeaf juice[41]
82Durio Zibethinus Murr.Durian FruitBombacaceaeFresh fruit[25,51]
83Echinacea purpurea L.Indian head, comb flower CompositaeLeaves[52]
84Ekerbegia capensis Sparrm.IsongoroitMeliaceaeRoot[29]
85Emblica officinalis Gaertn.EmblicEuphorbiaceaeFruit[53-54]
86Eriodendron Anfractuosum DC.White silk cotton treeBombaceaeWhole plant[46]
87Euadenia eminens Hook.f.DinsinkroCapparidaceaeRoot[39]
88Euphorbia hirta L.DudhiEuphorbiaceaeLeaves[37]
89Eurycoma longifolia JackTongkat AliSimarubaceaeWhole plant[55-63]
90Evolvulus alsinoides L.ShankhahuliConvolvulacaeWhole plant[23]
91Fadogia agrestis Schweinf.Ex HeimBlack aphrodisiacRubiaceaeStem[64-65]
92Ferula hermonisShilsh-el-zallouhUmbelliferaeRoot[66]
93Ficus arnottiana Miq.Paras PipalMoraceaeBark[67]
94Ficus racemosa L.GularMoraceaeFruit[11]
95Ficus religiosa Linn.Peepal treeMoraceaeBark[12]
96Ficus retusaChilkanMoraceaeLatex[68]
97Ficus bengalensis L.BorMoraceaeLatex[17]
98Flueggea virosa Roxb. Ex Willd.White-berry bushEuphorbiaceaeWhole Plant[48]
99Garcinia afzelii EnglBitter kolaGuttiferaeBark[37]
100Garcinia kola HeckelBitter kolaGuttiferaeBark[37]
101Gmelina arborea RoxbCoomb teakVerbenaceaeFruit[12]
102Gossypium arboreum Linn.KapasMalvaceaeBark, seeds, leaves, root [23]
103Grewia asiatica L.PhalsaTiliaceaeFruit[42]
104Harissonia abyssinica OlivZiguaSimaroubaceaeBark[37]
105Hibiscus rosa-sinensisChina roseMalvaceaeLeaf[12]
106Hibiscus lobatus Murr.Jungli BhindiMalvaceaeWhole Plant[105]
107Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn.RoselleMalvaceaeSeed, leaf[12]
108Holostemma ada-kodien Schult.HolostemmaAsclepiadaceaeRoot[12]
109Hygrophila auriculata Schum.KatathuaAcanthaceaeSeeds[105]
110Hygrophila schulli (Ham.)Marsh BarbelAcanthaceaeRoot, leaf, seed[12]
111Ipomoea mauritiana Jacq.Giant potatoConvolvulaceaeRoot[12]
112Jatropha curcas L.BakarandahEuphorbiaceaeSeeds[105]
113Kaempferia parvifloraKrachaidamZingiberaceaeRhizomes[69]
114Lagenaria vulgaris Ser.Bottle gourdCucurbitaceaeFruit[12]
115Landolphia dulcisHama-fufuApocynaceaeRoot, Bark[39]
116Linum usitatissimum L.AlsiLinaceaeSeed[11]
117Litsea chinensisMedhLauraceaeBark[108]
118Lycium barbarumGoji berrySolanaceaePolysaccharides[108]
119Mallotus philippensis Lam.RohiniEuphorbiaceaeGlandular hair on frutome[105]
120Lepidium meyenii Walp.MacaBrassicaceaeRoot[70-71]
121Mangifera indica L.MangoAnacardiaceaeBark[12]
122Maranta arundinacea Linn.ArrowrootZingiberaceaeRhizome[12]
123Massularia acuminataChewing stickRubiaceaeStem[72]
124Mezoneuron benthamianumSenegalCaesalpiniaceaeTwig or Stem[37]
125Microdesmis keayanaSenegalPandaceaeRoots[107]
126Mimosa pudica L.ThottasinikiMimosoideaeAerial part[73]
127Mirabilis jalapa L.Four o’ clock plantNyctaginaceaeRoot[54]
128Momordica charantia DescourtBitter MelonCucurbitaceaeLeaf[74]
129Mondia whitei Linn.White's gingerPeriplocaceaeRoot[75]
130Montanoa tomentosa Cerv.ZoapatleAsteraceaeWhole plant[76]
131Morinda lucidaBrimstonetreeRubiacaeaeLeaves[77]
132Mucuna pruriens Linn. DC.Poonai kaliFabaceaeSeed[41]
133Murdannia edulis StokesSiyamusliCommelinaceaeDried root[105]
134Myristica fragrans HouttNutmegMyristicaceaeSeed[12, 25]
135Nerium indicum Mill.Kaner/KanailApocynaceaeRoots[41]
136Ocimum gratissimumVana TulsiLabiataeLeaves[12]
137Orchis latifolia Linn.MunjaatakaOrchidaceaeRoots[78]
138Oxyantllus unilocularis HiernGhana akanRubiaceaeFruit, leaf[37]
139Palisota hirusta K. Schum.GhanaCommelinaceaeLeaf[79]
140Panax ginsengGinsengAraliaceaeRoot[80]
141Passiflora incarnate L.Wild Passion FlowerPassifloraceaeLeaf[81]
142Papaver somniferum L.Poppy plantPapaveraceaeFlower[12]
143Pausinystalia yohimbe (K.Schum.)Pierre YohimbinRubiaceaeBark[82]
144Pfaffia paniculataSumaPapilionaceaeRoot[83]
145Pedalium murexBurra GokhruPedaliaceaeWhole plant[84]
146Phyllanthus emblica L.AonlaEuphorbiaceaeFruit[105]
147Piper guineense Schumach.West African PepperPiperaceaeRoot[39]
148Piper officinarum DCChavica officinarumPiperaceaeFruit[12]
149Piper betle Linn.VettrilaiPiperaceaeLeaf[73]
150Polyalthia suaveolens Engl.PolyalthiaAnnonaceaeFruit, root, leaf[85]
151Polygonatum multiflorum (L.) AllSolomon's SealLiliaceaeRoot[20]
152Prunus amygdalus batschBadamaRosaceaeKernel[23]
153Psoralea corylifolia Linn.BavaciFabaceaeFruit[23]
154Ptychopetalum olacoidesPotency woodOlacaceaeBark & Root[106]
155Punica granatum L.AnarPunicaceaeFruit[11]
156Rauvolfia vomitoriaAfzel. poison devil's pepperApocynaceaeRoot[86-87]
157Rhododendron anthopogon D. DonBalluEricaceaeLeaf, flower[20]
158Rhododendron lepidotum Wall. ex D. DonSnow RoseEricaceaeLeaf, flower[20]
159Ricinus communis L.CastorEuphorbiaceaeSeed[12]
160Rosa damascene MillRoseRosaceaePetal[88]
161Saccharum spontaneum Linn.KasaPoaceaeRoot stock[14,28]
162Santalum album Linn.Sandal woodSantalaceaeHeart wood[88]
163Scindapsus officinalis Schott.GajapipaliArecaceaeFruit[14, 28]
164Securidaca longepedunculata SlashViolet treePolygalaceaeRoot bark[25]
165Sesamum indicum LinnTilli / TilPedaliaceaeSeds[41]
166Shorea robusta geartnSal, KabbaDipterocarpaceaeBark, leaves, fruit[23]
167Sida cordifolia Linn.Countary-mallowMalvaceaeRoot, seed[12]
168Sida acuta Burn.F.BalaMalvaceaeWhole plant[11]
169Sida rhombifoliaBagauliMalvaceaeRoot[11]
170Solanum americanum Linn.MakoiSolanaceaeWhole plant[105]
171Solanum indicum Linn.Indian night ShadeSolanaceaeRoot[12]
172Solanum melongena Linn.BrinjalSolanaceaeUnripe fruit[12]
173Solanum nigrum Linn.AguaraguaSolanaceaeBerries[12]
174Sphaeranthus africanus Linn.BotobotonisanAsteraceaeWhole plant[12]
175Sphaeranthus indicus Linn.MundiAsteraceaeSeeds[11]
176Strychnos nux-vomica Linn.Strychnine treeLoganiaceaeSeed[89]
177Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merrill & PerryCloveMyrtaceaeDried flower bud[90-91]
178Tabernanthe iboga (L.) Nutt.IbogaApocynaceaeRoot, bark, stem[24, 92]
179Tabernanthe manii Baill.TabernantheApocynaceaeRoot[24,92]
180Tamarindus indica L.TamarindFabaceaeBark[93]
181Tamarix aphylla (L.) KarstAthel tamariskTamaricaceaeBark[42]
182Taxus baccata Linn.BirmiTaxaceaeLeaf[12,14]
183Terminalia arjuna Roxb.ArjunaCombretaceaeBark[12]
184Tinospora cordifolia (Willd) Miers Hk.TinosporaMenispermaceaeWhole plant[12-13]
185Tribulus terrestris L.PuncturevineZygophyllaceaeFruit, seed[94-97]
186Tricholepis glaberrimaCompositaeAerial parts[108]
187Trichosanthes dioica L.MethiFabaceaeSeed[12]
188Trichopus zeylanicusSennaTrichopodaceaeLeaves[98]
189Turraea heterophylla Sm.AhunanyakwaMeliaceaeRoot, bark, Seed[39]
190Turnera AphrodisiacaDamianaTurneraceaeAreal part[99]
191Turnera diffusaMexican damianaTurneraceaeLeaf[108]
192Tynanthus panurensis (Bur.) Sandw.Clavo huascaBignoniaceaeBark, wood[100-101]
193Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. ex Don.RasnaOrchidaceaeFlower, Root[102-103]
194Valeriana jatamansi Wall.JatamansiValerianaceaeRoot[104]
195Vanda tessellataOrchidaceaeFlower[108]
196Withania somnifera Linn.AshwagandhaSolanaceaeLeaf, Root[12,41,42]
197Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R.Br.Ivory treeApocynaceaeSeed, Leaf, bark[12]
198Zingiber officinale RoscoeGingembreZingeberaceaeRhizome[48]

Reference(s) noted

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Source: Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. ISSN 2278- 4136 ZDB-Number: 2668735-5 IC Journal No: 8192 Volume 1 Issue 4, www.phytojournal.com by Ramandeep Singh, Sarabjeet Singh, G. Jeyabalan, Ashraf Ali.

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