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Salvia (Sage)

Main Plants Reported in México as Hypoglycemic

Main plants reported in México as Hypoglycemic, the original table is from Andrade, 1995, the data were actualized and 40 species added from Aguilar and Xolalpa 2002, the correct botanical names were corroborated at Missouri Botanical Garden (2004)—TROPICOS

 

Scientific name Common name Family Plant part used and
Preparation
Pharmacological

Studies*

Phytochemical
information
**
Abutilon lignosum (Cav.) Sacxiu Malvaceae Root infusion
D. Don
Abutilon trisulcatum Tronadora Malvaceae Leaf boil
(Jacq.) Urban.
Acacia retinodes Schltdl. Mimosa Fabaceae Leaf boil
Acourtia thurberi. (A. Matarique Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Normal rabbits (+)
Gray) Reveal & R. M.
King
Acrocomia mexicana Coyol Arecaceae Root roasted, fruit raw Alloxanic mice (+) Tetrahydropyrane,
Karw. ex Mart. Alloxanic mice (++) Coyolose
EtOH
Agastache mexicana Toronjil Lamiaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Essential oils
(Kunth) Lint et Epling
Agave atrovirens Karw. Ex Maguey Agavaceae Steam macerated Sapogeninns
Salm-Dyck
Agave lecheguilla Torr. Lechuguilla Agavaceae Steam macerated
Agave salmiana Otto ex Maguey Agavaceae Steam macerated
Salm-Dyck
Ageratina petiolaris Moc. Hierba del ángel o Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Terpens
& Sessé ex DC. Yolochichotl
Ageratum conyzoides L. Hierba dulce Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Flavonoids, essential oils,
terpens
Allionia choisyi Standl. Hierba de la hormiga Nyctaginaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Allium cepa L. Cebolla Liliaceae Bulbs raw Sulfuric compounds
Alloispermum Prodijiosa Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion
integrifolium (DC.) H.
Rob.
Aloe barbadensis Mill. Sábila Liliaceae Steam roasted, juice of the Normal rabbits (−) Polysaccharides,
leaves flavonoids
Aloe vera (L.) Burm. F Sábila Liliaceae Mixed with Nopal taken Normal mice (+) Polysaccharides A B,
orally before meals flavonoids, terpens
Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. Artemisa Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Sesquiterpen lactones
Anacardium occidentale L. Marañon Anacardiaceae Bark infusion
Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. Piña Bromeliaceae Juice of the fruit Monoterpenoids,
Carotenoids, Lactones
Annona cherimola Mill. Chirimoya Annonaceae Bark infusion Isoquinolin Alkaloids
Annona glabra L. Anona silvestre, palo Annonaceae Juice of the fruit root infusion Diterpens, Alkaloids
de corcho
Annona muricata L. Guanabana Annonaceae Fruit raw
Apodanthera buraeavi Pisto Cucurbitaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Scientific name Common name Family Plant part used and Pharmacological Phytochemical informat**
preparation STudies*
Abutilon lignosum (Cav.) Sacxiu Malvaceae Root infusion
D. Don
Abutilon trisulcatum Tronadora Malvaceae Leaf boil
(Jacq.) Urban.
Acacia retinodes Schltdl. Mimosa Fabaceae Leaf boil
Acourtia thurberi. (A. Matarique Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Normal rabbits (+)
Gray) Reveal & R. M.
King
Acrocomia mexicana Coyol Arecaceae Root roasted, fruit raw Alloxanic mice (+) Tetrahydropyrane,
Karw. ex Mart. Alloxanic mice (++) Coyolose
EtOH
Agastache mexicana Toronjil Lamiaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Essential oils
(Kunth) Lint et Epling
Agave atrovirens Karw. Ex Maguey Agavaceae Steam macerated Sapogeninns
Salm-Dyck
Agave lecheguilla Torr. Lechuguilla Agavaceae Steam macerated
Agave salmiana Otto ex Maguey Agavaceae Steam macerated
Salm-Dyck
Ageratina petiolaris Moc. Hierba del ángel o Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Terpens
& Sessé ex DC. Yolochichotl
flavonoids
Artemisia ludoviciana Estafiate Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Nutt.
Artemisia vulgaris L. Ajenjo Asteraceae Leaf boil Sesquiterpens flavonoids
Asclepias linaria Cav. Romerillo Asclepiadaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Sterols, triterpenoids
Barosma betulina Bartl. & Buchü Rutaceae Leaves infusion
H.L. Wendl.
Bauhinia divaricata L. Pata de vaca Fabaceae Leaf boil, flowers boil Normal rabbits (+)
Begonia heracleifolia Mano de león Begoniaceae Steam infusion
Schltdl. & Cham.
Berberis moranensis Palo muerto Berberidaceae Bark infusion Cucurbitacines
Schult. & Schult. f.
Beta vulgaris L. Betabel Chenopodiceae Juice of the leaves Alkaloids, flavonoids
Bidens aurea (Aiton) Té de milpa Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Essential oils
Sherff
Bidens leucantha (L.) Rosilla Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Alloxanic mice (++)
Willd.
Bidens odorata Cav. Aceitilla, Mosote Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Flavonoids, triterpens
blanco
Bidens pilosa L. Aceitilla Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Alloxanic mice (+) Flavonoids, triterpens
Bocconia arborea S. Llora sangre Papaveraceae Leaves infusion Alkaloids
Watson
Puemus boldus Molina J. Boldo Monimiaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
A. Schultes & J. H.
Schultes in J. J. Roemer
& J. A. Schultes
Bouvardia ternifolia (Cav.) Trompetilla Rubiaceae Leaves, steam infusion Bouvardin
Schltdl.
Brickellia cavanillesii Prodigiosa Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Normal rabbits (+) Essential oils, brikelin
(Cass.) A. Gray
Brickellia squarrosa B.L. Amula Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Normal rabbits (+) Flavonoids
Rob. & Seaton
Brosimum alicastrum Sw. Ojite Moraceae Bark infusion Benzoquinones
Buchnera pusilla Kunth Chichibé Scrophulariaceae Bark infusion
Buddleia stachyoides Hierba del perro Loganiaceae Leaves infusion Flavonoids, alkaloids,
Cham. & Schltd/. essential oils
Buddleja Americana L. Tepozán Loganiaceae Leaves infusion Flavonoids, alkaloids
Buddleja cordata Kunth Tepozán Loganiaceae Leaves infusion Alkaloids
Bursera simaruba (L.) Cuajiote Burseraceae Bark infusion Tannins
Sarg.
Byrsonima crassifolia (L.) Nanche Malpighiaceae Fruit, bark infusion Triterpenoids
Kunth
Cacalia decomposita A. Matarique Asteraceae Root infusion Alloxan Mice (++) Alkaloids,
Gray polysaccharides
Cacalia peltata Kunth Matarique Asteraceae Root infusion Normal rabbits (++) Polysaccharides
Calamintha macrostema Tabaquillo Lamiaceae Root infusion Alloxanic mice (+)
Benth.
Calea hypoleuca B.L. Rob. Prodigiosa Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion
& Greenm.
Calea integrifolia (DC.) Prodigiosa Asteraceae Stem, infusion Sesquiterpen lactones
Hemsl.
Calea zacatechichi Schltdl. Prodigiosa Asteracae Leaves infusion Normal rabbits (+)
Calliandra anomala Cabello de ángel Fabaceae Leaves infusion Triterpenoid saponins
(Kunth) J.F. Macbr.
Callicarpa acuminata Xpuk’im Verbenaceae Root, infusion
Kunth
Capraria biflora L. Sabadilla Scrophulariaceae Leaves infusion Alloxanic mice (+) Alkaloids, loiflorin
Carica papaya L. Papaya Caricaceae Latex Monoterpenoids
Carya Nutt. Nogal Juglandaceae Leaves infusion
Casimiroa edulis La Llave Zapote blanco Rutaceae Leaves infusion, bark Alkaloids, casimiroin,
& Lex. infusion edulein, edulinin
Cassia fistula L Caña Fístula Fabaceae Fruit
Cassia skinneri Benth. Frijolillo Fabaceae Leaves infusion
Cassia tomentosa L. f. Retama cimarrona Fabaceae Leaves infusion
Castela texana (T. & G.) Chaparro amargoso Simaroubaceae Bark infusion Steroids
Rose
Castela tortuosa Liebm. Venenilo Simaroubaceae Bark infusion
Castilleja Mutis ex L. f. Hierba del gato Scrophulariaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Catharanthus roseus (L.) Vicaria Apocinaceae Root infusion
G. Don
Cecropia peltata L. Guarambo Cecropiaceae Leaves infusion
Ceiba pentandra (L.) Ceiba, Pochote Bombacaceae Bark infusion Essential oils
Gaertn.
Centaurium brachycalyx Tlanchalahua Gentianaceae Leaves infusion
Standl. & L.O. Williams
Centaurium calycosum Tlanchalagua Gentianaceae Leaves infusion
(Buckley) Fernald
Chamaecrista hispidula Frijolillo Fabaceae Leaves infusion
(Vahl) H.S. Irwin &
Barneby
Chamaecrista hispidula Frijolillo Fabaceae Leaves infusion
(Vahl) H.S. Irwin &
Barneby
Chenopodium glaucum L. Hierba del puerco Chenopodiceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Chromolaena bigelovii (A. Ambula Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Gray) R.M. King & H.
Rob
Cirsium mexicanum DC. Cardo santo Asteraceae Root infusion
Cirsium rhaphilepis Cardo santo Asteraceae Flower infusion
(Hemsl.) Petr.
Cissampelos pareira L. Guaco Menispermaceae Root raw Alkaloids, isoquinolin
Citrus aurantifolia Limón Rutaceae Fruit Essential oils,
(Christm.) Swingle sesquiterpen lactones
Citrus limetta Risso Lima Rutaceae Fruit
Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck Flor de azahar Rutaceae Ripe fruit infusion Essential oils, flavonoids
Cnidoscolus aconitifolius Chaya Euphorbiaceae Leaves infusion Polysaccharides
(Mill.) I.M. Johnst.
Cnidoscolus multilobus Mala mujer Euphorbiaceae Leaves infusion Triterpenoids, flavonoids,
(Pax) I.M. Johnst. tannins
Cnidosculus chayamansa Chayamansa Euphorbiaceae Leaves infusion Flavonoids glycosides
Mc Vaugh
Coix lacryma-jobi L. Lágrima de San Pedro Poaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Normal rabbits (+)
Combretum farinosum Bejuco de Carape Combretaceae Sap raw
Kunth
Conyza filaginoides (D C.) Simonillo Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Alkaloids, lenecin
Hieron.
Conyza gnaphalioides Cimonillo, Asteraceae Leaves infusion Terpens
Kunth zacachichitl
Cordia elaeagnoides A. Cueramo Boraginaceae Bark infusion Terpens
DC.
Cordia tinifolia Willd. Ex Palo mulato Boraginaceae Bark infusion
Roem. & Schult.
Coriandrum sativum L. Cilantro Apiaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Coumarins, flavonoids,
sesquiterpenoids, steroids
Costus mexicanus Liebm. Caña de Jabalí Zingiberaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
ex Petersen
Costus rubber C. Wright Caña agria Zingiberaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
ex Griseb.
Costus spicatus (Jacq.) Sw. Caña de Jabalí Zingiberaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Crataegus mexicana Moc. Tejocote Rosaceae Root infusion
& Sésse ex DC.
Crataegus pubescens (C. Tejocote Rosaceae Root infusion Normal rabbits (++) Tannins, flavonoids
Presl) C. Presl
Crotalaria acapulcensis Retama Fabaceae Leaves infusion
Hook. & Arn.
Croton draco Schltdl. Sangre de Grado Euphorbiaceae Cortex infusion, latex Diterpens
Croton torreyanus Müll Salvia Euphorbiaceae
Arg.
Cucurbita maxima Calabaza Cucurbitaceae Fruit juice Sterols, flavonoids
Duchesne
Cucurbita mexicana Calabaza, Melón Cucurbitaceae Leaves infusion fruit juice Normal rabbits (++)
Damm
Cuscuta jalapensis Schltdl. Sacapal Convolvulaceae Steam infusion
Cyathea fulva (M. Martens Árbolde la vida Cyatheaceae Root infusion
& Galeotti) Fée
Cyathea fulva (Martens & Árbolde la vida Filicaceae Leaves infusion
Galeotti) Fée.
Cynara scolymus L. Alcachofa Asteraceae Fruit infusion, flowers Flavonoids, sesquiterpen
infusion lactones, fenolic acids
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Grama Poaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Normal rabbits (+) Flavonoids, terpens
Pers.
Daucus carota L. Zanahoria Apiaceae Root juice Cumarines, flavonoids,
essential oils, fenolic
acids
Diospyros digyna Jacq. Zapote negro Ebenaceae Fruit
Dorstenia contrajerva L. Contrayerba Moraceae Leaves bolied Alkaloids, cardenolids
Dyssodia micropoides Hierba pelotazo Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion
(DC.) Loes.
Elaphoglossum sp. Schott Hierba del pastor Lomariopsidaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
ex J. Sm.
Equisetum giganteum L. Limpia plata Equisetaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Flavonoids
Equisetum hyemale L. Cola de caballo Equisetaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Flavonoids, alkaloids
Eriobotrya japonica Níspero Rosaceae Leaves infusion, flowers Normal rabbits (−) Sesquiterpens, flavonoids
(Thunb.) Lindll. infusion
Eucalyptus globules Labill Eucalipto Myrtaceae Leaves infusion Alloxanic mice (+) Flavonoids, terpens
Euphorbia maculata L. Hierba de la Euphorbiaceae Leaves infusion
Golondrina
Euphorbia prostrata Aiton Hierba de la Euphorbiaceae Leaves infusion Flavonoids
Golondrina
Eysenhardtia polystachya Palo dulce Fabaceae Plant (aerial) infusion, bark Alloxanic mice (+) Flavonoids, triterpens
(Ortega) Sarg. infusion
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Hinojo Apiaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Essential oils, flavonoids
Fouquieria splendens Albarda Fouquieriaceae Leaves infusion
Engelm.
Fraxinus alba Marshall Fresno Oleaceae Leaves infusion bark infusion
Gnaphalium oxyphyllum Gordolobo Asteraceae Diterpens, flavonoids
DC.
Guaiacum coulteri A. Gray Guayacan Zygophyllaceae Bark infusion Alkaloids
Guaiacum sanctum L Guayacan Zygophyilaceae Bark infusion
Guardiola angustifolia (A. Chintuza Asteraceae
Gray ex S. Watson) B.L.
Rob.
Guardiola tulocarpus A. Chintuza Asteraceae Leaves infusion
Gray
Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. Guázima Sterculiaceae Bark infusion Alkaloids, tannins
Haemahtoxylon brasiletto Palo Brazil Fabaceae Bark infusion
H. Karst.
Hamelia patens Jacq. Balletilla Rubiaceae Leaves infusion Tannins
Haplopappus venetus Xapulli Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion
(Kunth) S.F. Blake
Hechtia melanocarpa L. B. Maguey agrio Bromeliaceae Steam raw Flavonoids, alkaloids
Sm.
Heterotheca inuloides Arnica Asteraceae Leaves infusion Flavonoids, essential oils
Cass.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. Tulipán Malvaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Sterols, flavonoids
Hidalgoa ternata La Llave Mozote de monte Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Hintonia latiflora (Sesse & Copalquin, Cáscara Rubiaceae Bark infusion Alloxanic mice (++) Neoflavonoid,
Moc. ex DC.) Bullock sagrada. coutareagenin.
Hippocratea excelsa Kunth Cancerina Hippocrateaceae Root infusion Sesquiterpens
Ipomoea starts Cav. Tumba vaquero Convolvulaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Essential oils
Jatropha dioica Cerv. Sangre de grado Euphorbiaceae Root infusion
Jatropha elbae J. Jiménez Sangre de grado Euphorbiaceae Bark infusion Terpens, flavonoids
Ram.
Juliania adstringens Cuachalalate Julianiaceae Bark infusion Triterpens
(Schltdl.) Schltdl.
Justicia spicigera Scheltdl Muicle Acanthaceae Leaves infusion Flavonoids
Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Tronador Crassulaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Flavonoids
Pers.
Karwinskia humboldtiana Tullidora Rhamnaceae Leaves infusion
(Willd. ex Roem. &
Schult.) Zucc.
Kohleria sp. Regel Tlanchichinoli Gesneriaceae Leaves infusion Triterpens
Larrea tridentata (Sessé & Gobernadora Zygophylaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Terpens, lignans
Moc. ex DC.) Coville
Lepechinia caulescens Bretónica Lamiaceae Leaves infusion Alloxanic mice (++) Terpens
(Ortega) Epling
Lepidium virginicum L. Lentejilla Brassicaeae Leaves infusion
Leucaena leucocephala Guaje Fabaceae Seed raw Tannins
(Lam.) de Wit
Leucophyllum texanum Cenicillo Scrophulariaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Benth.
Ligusticum porteri J.M. Raíz de cochino Apiaceae Root infusion Essential oils
Coult. & Rose
Ligustrum japonicum Fresno Oleaceae Leaves infusion
Thunb.
Loeselia coccinea (Cav.) Hoja de la virgen Polemoniaceae Leaves infusion Alkaloids, saponins
G. Don
Loeselia mexicana (Lam.) Hierba de la virgen. Polemoniaceae Leaves infusion Alloxanic mice (+) Alkaloids, essential oils
Brand
Lonchocarpus cruentus Guayacán Fabaceae Bark infusion
Lundell
Lopezia racemosa Cav. Perilla Onagraceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Lophocereus schottii Muso Cactaceae Steam infusion Alkaloids
(Engelm.) Britton &
Rose
Lysiloma acapulcense Tepehuaje Fabaceae Leaves infusion, bark Tannins
(Kunth.) Benth infusion
Malmea depresa (Baillon) Elemuy Anonaceae Root infusion Flavonoids
Fries
Malvastrum Marvavisco Malvaceae Leaves infusion Tannins
coromandelianum (L.)
Garcke
Mangifera indica L. Mango Anacardiaceae Bark infusion leaves infusion Flavonoids, essential oils,
terpens
Marrubium vulgare L. Marrubio Lamiaceae Leaves infusion, root infusion Normal rabbits (++) Terpens, flavonoids
Melothria pendula L. Sandiita Cucurbitaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Mentha piperita L. Hierbabuena Lamiaceae Leaves infusion Essential oils, terpens,
flavonoids
Mentha rotundifolia (L.) Mostranza Lamniaceae Leaves infusion Essential oils, terpens
Huds.
Mentha suaveolens Ehrh. Mastranzo Lamiaceae Leaves infusion
Mimosa zygophylla Benth. Gatuño Fabaceae Leaves infusion
Mirabilis jalapa L. Maravilla Nyctaginaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Triterpens, flavonoids
Momordica charantia L. Cundeamor, Cucurbitaceae Leaves infusion Terpens, steroids,
flavonoids
Morus nigra L. Moral negro Moraceae Leaves infusion
Musa sapientum L. Flor de plátano Musaceae Root infusion
Nasturtium officinale R. Br. Berro Brassicaeae Plant (aerial) infusion Flavonoids, alkaloids,
terpens
Nopalea cochenillifera (L.) Nopal Cactaceae Steam raw
Salm-Dyck
Nopalea inaperta Schott Nopal Cactaceae Steam raw
ex Griffiths.
Olea europaea L. Hierba de oliva Oleaceae Leaves infusion Alkaloids, flavonoids,
terpens
Opuntia atropes Rose Nopal bianco Cactaceae Steam raw
Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Nopal Cactaceae Steam raw Alkaloids, flavonoids
Mill.
Opuntia fulgida Engelm. Choya Cactaceae Steam raw
Opuntia guilanchi Griffiths Nopal blanco Cactaceae Steam raw
Opuntia imbricata (Haw) Xoconostle Cactaceae Steam raw, fruit
DC.
Opuntia leucotricha DC. Duraznillo Cactaceae Steam
Opuntia megacantha Nopal blanco Cactaceae Steam raw
Salm-Dyck
Opuntia streptacantha Nopal Cactaceae Steam raw Normal rabbits (+)
Lem
Pachira aquatica Aubl. Zapote de agua Bombacaceae Bark infusion
Pachycereus marginatus Organo, Sahuaro Cactaceae Steam raw
(DC.) Britton & Rose
Pachycereus pringlei (S. Cardón Cactaceae Steam raw
Watson) Britton & Rose
Packera candidissima Lechugilla Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion
(Greene) W.A. Weber &
Á.Löve
Parathesis lenticellata Chagalapoli Myrsinaceae Leaves infusion
Lundell
Parkinsonia aculeata L. Bagote Fabaceae Leaves infusion Flavonoids, triterpens
Parthenium hysterophorus Escobilla Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Alkaloids, partenin
L
Pavonia schiedeana Steud Cadillo Malvaceae Leaves infusion Normal rabbits (−) Tannins
Persea americana Mill Aguacate Lauraceae Leaves infusion Sterols, flavonoids
Petroselinum crispum Perejil Apiaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Essential oils, flavonoids
(Mill.) Nyman ex A.W.
Hill
Phaseolus vulgaris L. Fríjol Fabaceae Fruit infusion Normal rabbits (+) Essential oils, flavonoids,
alkaloids
Phlebodium aureum (L.) J. Calahuala Polypodiaceae Root infusion Steroids
Sm.
Phoradendron bolleanum Injerto Viscaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
(Seem.) Eichler
Phoradendron tomentosum Muicle Viscaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Phoratoxins
(DC.) Engelm. ex A.
Gray
Phragmites australis Carrizo Poaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
(Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.
Physalis coztomatl Dunal Costomate Solanaceae Leaves infusion
Physalis philadelphica Tomate Solanaceae Fruit roasted Normal rabbits (−)
Lam.
Piper auritum Kunth Acoyo Piperaceae Leaves infusion Terpens, flavonoids,
essential oils
Piper hispidum Sw. Cordoncillo Piperaceae Leaves infusion
Piper sanctum (Miq.) Hierba Santa Piperaceae Leaves infusion Essential oils, alkaloids
Schltdl. ex C. DC.
Piper schiedeanum Steud. Tlaxalisnuat Piperaceae Leaves infusion
Pithecellobium dulce Guamúchil Fabaceae Bark infusion
(Roxb.) Benth.
Plantago australis Lam. Gusanillo Plantaginaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Lignans
Plantago major L. Llante Plantaginaceae Plant infusion Flavonoids, terpens
Plumbago scandens L. Plumbago Plumbaginaceae w/i Flavonoids
Plumeria rubra L. Flor de mayo Apocynaceae Flowers infusion
Polygonum acre Lam. Sanguinaria Polygonaceae Leaves infusion
Populus alba L. Abedúl Salicaceae Leaves infusion
Porophyllum punctatum Piojillo Asteraceae Flowers infusion
(Mill.) S.F. Blake
Portulaca denudata Poelln. Verdolaga Portulacaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Portulaca oleracea L. Verdolaga Portulacaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Alkaloids, terpens
Pouteria hypoglauca Baehni Sapotaceae Leaves infusion
(Standl.) Baehni
Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) Mezquite Fabaceae Fruit raw
DC.
Prunus serotina subsp. Capulín Rosaceae Fruit infusion Terpens
capuli (Cav.) McVaugh
Psacalium sinuatum Matarique Asteraceae Root infusion
(Cerv.) H. Rob. &
Brettell
Pseudosmodingium Cuajilote Anacardiaceae Root infusion bark infusion
pemiciosum (Kunth)
Engl.
Psidium guajava L. Guayaba Myrtaceae Fruit Terpens, flavonoids
Psidium yucatanense Pach Myrtaceae Bark infusion
Lundell
Psittacanthus calyculatus Muérdago Loranthaceae Plant infusion, flowers Alloxanic mice (++)
(DC.) G. Don infusion
Quassia amara L. Cuasia Simaroubaceae Leaves infusion Alkaloids, terpens
Quercus acutifolia Neé Encino Fagaceae Bark infusion Terpens, flavonoids
Quercus rugosa Neé Encino Fagaceae Bark infusion
Randia echinocarpa Moc. Grangel Grangel Leaves infusion
& Sessé ex DC.
Randia echinocarpa Moc. Granjil Rubiaceae Fruit
& Sessé ex DC.
Raphanus sativus L. Rábano Brassicaceae Root infusion
Rhipsalis baccifera (J.S. Niguilla Cactaceae Stem infusion, fruit raw
Muell.) Steam
Rhizophora mangle L. Mangle Rhizophoraceae Bark infusion Tannins
Ricinus communis L. Huiguerilla Euphorbiaceae Leaves infusion Flavonoids, terpens
Rosa centifolia L. Rosa de castilla Rosaceae Leaves infusion
Rubus adenotrichus Zarzamora Rosaceae Leaves infusion
Schltdl.
Russelia equisetiformis Cola de caballo Scrophulariaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Schltdl. & Cham.
Salix taxifolia Kunth Taray Salicaceae Steam infusion
Salpianthus arenarius Catarinita Nyctaginaceae. Leaves infusion Normal rabbits (++)
Humb. & Bonpl.
Salvia leucantha Cav. Salvia morada Lamiaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Terpens
Samvitalia procumbens Ojo de gallo Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Terpens
Lam.
Saurauia pringlei Rose Picon Actnidaceae Leaves infusion
Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. Chayote Cucurbitaceae Fruit raw Flavonoids
Sedum dendroideum Moc. Siempreviva Crassulaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Sedoheoptulose
& Sessé ex DC.
Sedum moranense HBK. Siempreviva Crassulaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Sedum praealtum A. DC. Siempreviva Crassulaceae Leaves infusion
Selaginella lepidophylla Doradilla Selaginellaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Essential oils
(Hook. & Grev.) Spring
Selaginella pallescens (C. Flor de piedra Sellaginacae Plant (aerial) infusion
Presl) Spring
Selloa plantaginea Kunth Diente de elef.ante Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Senecio albo-lutescens Matarique Asteraceae Root infusion
Sch. Bip.
Senecio palmeri A. Gray Matarique Asteraceae Root infusion
Senecio peltiferus Hemsl. Matarique Asteraceae Root infusion
Senna multiglandulosa Retama china Fabaceae Leaves infusion
(Jacq.) H.S. Irwin &
Barneby
Senna obtusifolia L. (L.) Pa xojk Fabaceae Leaves infusion Antraquinones, emodin
H.S. Irwin & Barneby
Senna occidentalis (L.) Frijolillo Fabaceae Root infusion Flavonoids, sterols
Link
Serjania racemosa Bejuco tres en uno. Sapindaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Schumach.
Serjania triquetra Radlk. Bejuco de tres C. Salicaceae Bark infusion
Simira sp. Aubl Quina roja, cáscara Rubiaceae Bark infusion
sagrada
Smilax aristolochiifolia Zarzaparrilla Similicaceae Root infusion Sapogenins
Mill.
Solandra nitida Zuccagni Flor de guayacán Solanaceae Flower infusion
Solanum americanum Mill. Hierba mora Solanaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Alkaloids, solanin
Solanum brevistylum Malabar Solanaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Wittm
Solanum diversifolium Malabar Solanaceae Leaves infusion Normal rabbit (++)
Dunal
Solanum nigrescens M. Hierba mora Solanaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Martens & Galeotti
Solanum rostratum Dunal Duraznillo Solanaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
Solanum torvum Sw. Berenjena Solanaceae Root infusion
Solanum verbascifolium Berenjena Solaneceae Plant (aerial) infusion Steroidal, alkaloids
C.B. Wright
Sonchus oleraceus L. Lechuguilla Asteraceae Leaves infusion Flavonoids
Spartium junceum L. Retama Fabaceae Leaves infusion
Sphaeralcea angustifolia Hierba del negro Malvaceae Plant (aerial) infusion
(Cav.) G. Don
Stachytarpheta Verbena Verbenaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Terpens
jamaicensis (L.) Vahl
Stenocereus marginatus Organo de Zopilote Cactaceae Steam roasted
(DC.) Berger & Buxb
Struthanthus densiflorus Injerto Loranthaceae Leaves infusion
(Benth.) Standl.
Swietenia humilis Zucc. Zopilote Meliaceae. Seed raw
Tagetes erecta L. Cempasuchil o Flor Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Terpens, essential oils
de muerto,
Tamarindus indica L. Tamarindo Fabaceae Pulp of fruit raw Flavonoids
Taraxacum qfficinale Diente de león Asteraceae Leaves infusion Terpens
Weber ex F.H. Wigg.
Taxodium mucronatum Ahuehuete Taxodiaceae Leaves infusion Flavonoids
Ten.
Tecoma starts (L.) Juss. ex Tronadora Bignoniaceae Leaves infusion, plant Alloxanic mice (++) Alkaloids, terpens
Kunth infusion plant infusion Normal Dogs (++)
Terminalia catappa L. Castaño Combretaceae Fuit
Teucrium cubense Jacq. Agrimonia Lamiaceae Leaves infusion Normal rabbits (+)
Thriallis glauca (Cav.) Amargoso Malphigiaceae Root infusion Flavonoids, terpens
Kuntze
Tillandsia usneoides (L.) Heno Bromeliaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Alloxanic mice (++) Flavonoids
L.
Tournefortia hirsutissima Lagrima de San Boraginaceae Steam infusion
L. Pedro.
Tournefortia petiolaris DC. Lagrima de San Boraginaceae Steam infusion
Pedro.
Tradescantia pendula ( Comellina Commelinaceae Leaves infusion Flavonoids
Schnizl.) D.R. Hunt
Trigonella Fenogreco Fabaceae w/i
foenum-graecum L.
Tropaeolum majus L. Mastuerzo Tropaeoleaceae Leaves infusion
Turnera diffusa Willd ex Damiana. Turneraceae Leaves infusion Flavonoids, terpens
Schult.
Urtica dioica L. Ortiga Urticaceae Plant (aerial) infusion Normal rabbits (−) Flavonoids, coumarins
Urtica mexicana Liebm. Ortiga Urticaceae Leaves infusion
Valeriana edulis Nutt. ex Valeriana Valerianaceae Root infusion
Torr. & A. Gray
Valeriana procera Kunth Valeriana Valerianaceae Root infusion Alloxanic mice (−)
Verbesina crocata (Cav.) Capitaneja Asteraceae Leaves infusion Alloxanic mice (+)
Less.
Verbesina persicifolia DC. Huichin Asteraceae Plant (aerial) infusion Alloxanic mice (+) Sesquiterpens
Zaluzania angusta (Lag.) Limpia tuna Asteraceae Root infusion
Sch. Bip.
Zantoxylum fagara L. Tankasché Rutaceae Leaves infusion Alkaloids
Zea mays h. Pelos de elote Poaceae Fruit infusion
Zexmenia gnaphalioides Peonia Asteraceae Root infusion

Source: A. Andrade-Cetto, M. Heinrich / Journal of Ethnopharmacology 99 (2005) 325-348

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