Herbal Medicine for Diabetes Mellitus

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Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common endocrine disorder that afflicts many people worldwide. It is estimated that by 2030 approximately 5.82% of the world’s population will be affected.1

There are different types of diabetes but the two more well-known are diabetes type 1 and diabetes type 2. Type 2 being the more common type by far.

Many plants have exhibited anti-diabetic properties and can be used to assist individuals to manage and reverse diabetes (especially in the case of type 2). The table below shows a list of plants that have exhibited anti-diabetic properties.2

Table.1. List of plants having Anti-diabetic activity

Sr. noPlantFamilyPart used
1Abelmoschus moschatusMalvaceaemucilage
2Abroma augustaSterculiaceaeLeaves
3Abrus precatoriousLeguminoseaSeeds
4Abutilon indicumMalvaceaeWhole plant
5Acacia ArabicaRubaceaeSeeds
6Acacia bilimekiiFabaceaeLeaves
7Acacia catechuRubaceaeBark
8Acacia farnesianaFabaceaeBark
9Acacia niloticaFabaceaeLeaves, bark
10Acacia pennataRubaceaeShoot tips
11Acanthopanax senticosusAraliaceaeLeaves
12Achyranthes asperaAmaranthaceaeWhole plant
13Achyranthes asperaAmaranthaceaeWhole plant
14Achyrocline satureioidesAsteraceaeAerial parts
15Aconitum carmichaeliRanunculaceaRoots
16Aconitum feroxRanunculaceaRoot
17Aconitum palmatumRanunculaceaRoots
18Acosmium panamenseLeguminoseaBark
19Acrocomia mexicanaLeguminoseaRoots
20Adansonnia digitataBombacaceaeStem bark
21Adhatoda vasicaAcanthaceaeLeaves
22Adianthum capillusPolypodiaceaeWhole plant
23Adiantum caudatumpteridaceaeLeaves
24Aegle marmelosRutaceaeFlower, leaves
25Aerva lanataAmaranthaceaeLeaves
26Aesculus hippocastanum L.HippocastanaceaeSeeds
27Afzelia africanaFabaceaeStem bark
28Aframomum memeguetaZingiberaceaeLeaves
29Agapetes sikkimensisEricaceaeAerial parts
30Agarista mexicanaEricaceaeAerial parts
31Agrimonia eupatoriaRosaceaeLeaves
32Agrimonia pilosaRosaceaeLeaves
33Ajuga iva LLamiaceaeWhole plant
34Ajuga remotaLamiaceaeLeaves
35Alangium salvifoliumAlangiaceaeLeaves
36Albizia amaraMimosoideaeLeaves
37Alchemilla vulgarisRosaceae
38Allium cepaLiliaceaeBulbs (oil), Stems, tops
39Allium sativumLiliaceaeBulbs
40Aloe arborescensLiliaceaeLeaves
41Aloe barbadensisLiliaceaeLeaves
42Aloe veraLiliaceaeLeaves
43Alpinia galangaZingiberaceaeRhizome
44Alstonia macrophyllaApocynaceaeWhole plant
45Alstonia scholarisApocynaceaeBark
46Alternanthera sessillisAmaranthaceaeWhole plant
47Althaea officinalisMalvaceaeLeaves, whole plant
48Amaranthus caudatusAmaranthaceaeLeaves
49Amaranthus esculantusAmaranthaceaeWhole plant, oil
50Amaranthus spinosusAmaranthaceaeStem
51Amomum aromaticumZingiberaceaeRoot
52Amomum subulatumZingiberaceaeRoot
53Amorphophallus konjacAraceaeRhizome
54Amphipterygium adstringensAnacardiaceaeBark
55Anacardium occidentaleAnacardiaceaeBark
56Anacardium occidentaleAnacardiaceaeLeaves
57Andrographis lineataAcanthaceaeLeaves
58Andrographis paniculataAcanthaceaeRoot
59Andrographis paniculataAcanthaceaeWhole plant
60Andropogon citratusPoaceaeAerial parts
61Anemarrhena asphodeloidsAnnoaceaceRhizomes
62Anethum graveolensApiaceaeSeeds
63Annona muricataAnnonaceaeLeaves
64Annona squamosaAnnonaceaeLeaves
65Anthemis herba albacompositaeAerial parts
66Anthocephalus indicusRubiaceaeBark
67Anthocleista nobilisLogoniaceaeBark
68Anthocleista rhizophoroidesLogoniaceaeBark
69Anthocleista vogliiLogoniaceaeRoot
70Aporosa lanceolataEuphorbiaceaeLeaves
71Aporosa lindleyanaEuphorbiaceaeLeaves
72Aquilaria agallochaThymelaeaceaeStem
73Aquilaria sinensisThymelaeaceaeLeaves
74Aralia elata SeemAraliaceaeRoot
75Arctostaphylos uva ursiEricaceaeFruit
76Areca catechuArecaceaeSeeds
77Argyreia nervosaConvolvulaceaeRoot
78Aronia melanocarpaRosaceaeFruit
79Artemisia absinthiumCompositaeLeaves, aerial parts
80Artemisia dracunculusCompositaeWhole plant
81Artemisia herba-albaCompositaeLeaves
82Artemisia ludovicianaCompositaeLeaves
83Artemisia pallens WallCompositaeAerial parts
84Arthrocnemum glaucumChenopodiaceae
85Artocarpus altilisMoraceaeLeaves
86Artocarpus heterophyllusMoraceaeLeaves
87Asparagus gonocladusAparagaceaeBulb
88Asparagus racemosusMeliaceaeRoots
89Asteracantha longifoliaAcanthaceaeLeaves
90Astragalus speciesLeguminoseaRoots
91Asystasia gangeticaAcanthaceaeLeaves
92Atractylode japonicaCompositaeRhizomes
93Auricularia auricula-judaPrimulaceaeFruit
94Avena sativaPoaceaeWhole plant
95Averrhoa bilimbiOxalidaceaeLeaves
96Averrhoa carambolaOxalidaceaeLeaves
97Azadirachta indicaMeliaceaeSeed oil, leaves
98Baccharis salicifoliaAsteraceaeLeaves
99Baccharis trimeraMyrtaceaeLeaves
100Bacopa monnieriScrophulariaceaeAerial parts
101Balanites aegyptiacaSimarubiaceaFruit
102Bambusa arundinaceaeBambusaceaeSeeds
103Bambusa vulgarisGramineaeLeaves
104Barleria lupulinaAcanthaceaeAerial Part
105Barleria noctifloraAcanthaceaeWhole plant
106Barleria prionotisAcanthaceaeLeaf, bark, root
107Barringtonia acutangulaLecythidaceaeStem bark
108Basella rubraBasellaceaeLeaves
109Bauhinia candicansleguminoseaeLeaves
110Bauhinia divaricataleguminoseaeLeaves
111Bauhinia forficateCaesalpinaceaeLeaves
112Bauhinia rectusaleguminoseaeSeeds
113Bauhinia variegataCaesalpiniaceaeBark
114Bauhinia variegataCaesalpinaceaeFlowers
115Benincasa hispidaCucurbitaceaeFruit
116Berberis aristataBerberidaceaeStem bark
117Berberis vulgarisBerberidaceaeRoot
118Bergenia stacheyiSaxifragaceaeRoot
119Bergia capensisElatinaceae
120Beta vulgarisChenopodiaceaeRoot bark
121Bhighia sapidasapindaceaeUnripe fruits & seeds
122Bidens pilosaAsteraceaeWhole plant
123Billia hippocastanumHippocastanaceaeAerial parts
124Biophytum sensitivumOxalidaceaeLeaves
125Bixa orellanaBixaceaeLeaves
126Blighia sapidasapindaceaeFruit
127Boerhaavia diffusaNyctaginaceaeRoot
128Bombax ceibaBombacaceaeSeed
129Boswellia serrataFrankincenseWhole plant
130Bougainvillea glabraRubiaceaeLeaves
131Bougainvillea spectabilisRubiaceaeSeeds
132Bouvardia ternifoliaRubiaceaeLeaves
133Brassica junceaBrassicaceaeSeeds
134Brassica juncea CossBrassicaceaeLeaves
135Brassica napiformisBrassicaceae
136Brassica nigraBrassicaceaeSeeds
137Brassica oleracciaBrassicaceaeLeaves
138Brassica rapaBrassicaceaeRoot
139Brickellia cavanillesiiAsteraceaeAerial parts
140Brickellia squarrosaAsteraceaeAerial parts
141Brickellia veronicaefoliaAsteraceaeWhole plant
142Brickellia veronicaefoliaAsteraceaeAerial parts
143Bridelia ndellensisEuphorbiaceaeLeaves
144Brophyllum pinnatumCrassulaceaeLeaves
145Bryonia alba L.CucurbitaceaeRoots
146Bryonia creticaCucurbitaceaeAerial parts
147Buchanania axillariesAnacardiaceae
148Buddleia americana Linn.BuddleaceaeWhole plant
149Bumelia sartorumSapotaceaeRoot bark
150Butea monospermaFabaceaeFruit, Leaves, root
151Caesalpinia bonducellaLeguminosaeSeeds
152Caesalpinia cristaFabaceaeSeeds
153Caesalpinia decapetalaLeguminosaeSeeds
154Caesalpinia digynaLeguminosaeRoots
155Caesalpinia sappanFabaceaeStem
156Caeseria esculantaCaesalpinoideaceRoots
157Cajanus cajanFabaceaeSeeds
158Calamintha macrostemaLamiaceaeRoot, stem
159Calamintha officinalisLamiaceaeAerial parts
160Calamintha umbrossaLamiaceaeWhole plant
161Calea zacatechichi SchlechtAsteraceae
162Callistemon lanceolatusMyrtaceaeAerial parts
163Calotropis proceraAsclepiadaceaeLatex
164Camellia sinensisTheaceaeLeaves
165Canarium schweinfurthiBurseraceaeStem bark
166Canarium zeylanicumBurseraceaeBark
167Canavalia ensiformisLeguminosaeSeeds
168Cannabis indicaCannabinaceaeWhole plant, Leaves
169Canscora decussataGentianaceae
170Capparis deciduaCapparaceaeFruits, seeds
171Capparis incanaCapparaceaeLeaves, bark
172Capparis moonCapparaceaeFruit
173Capparis sepiariaCapparaceaeLeaves
174Capravia bifloraScrophulariaceaeLeaves
175Cardiospermum helicacabumSapindaceaeLeaves
176Carica papayaCaricaceaeFruit
177Carissa carandasApocynaceaeFruit
178Carissa edulisApocynaceaeLeaves
179Carmona retusaBoraginaceaeLeaves, root
180Carum carviApiaceaeSeeds
181Casearia esculentaFlacourtiaceaeRoot
182Caseria esculentasalicaceaeRoot
183Caseria glaucasalicaceaeBark
184Caseria zeylanicaFlacourtiaceaeStem bark, root bark
185Cassia altaFabaceaeLeaves
186Cassia auriculataLeguminoseaeRoots
187Cassia fistulaLeguminoseaeSeeds
188Cassia glaucaCaesalpiniaceaeLeaves
189Cassia occidentalisCaesalpiniaceae
190Cassia siameaFabaceaeLeaves
191Cassia sophoraCaesalpiniaceaeLeaves, root, bark, seeds
192Castela texanaSimaroubaceaeLeaves
193Catharanthus roseusApocynaceaeFlower, Leaves, Stem & Root
194Cecropia obtusifoliaMoraceaeLeaves
195Cecropia peltata LMoraceaeLeaves
196Cedronella canariensisLamiaceaeAerial parts
197Ceiba pentandraMalvaceaeRoots, Leaves
198Centella asiaticaApiaceaeWhole plant
199Centratherum anthelminticumAsteraceaeSeed
200Cephalandra indicaCucurbitaceaeLeaves, fruit, root, bark
201Cephalanthus glabratusRubiaceaewood
202Chamaemelum nobileCompositaeLeaves
203Cichorium intybusAsteraceaeSeeds
204Cinnamomum cassiaLauraceaeLeaves, bark
205Cinnamomum tamalaLauraceaeBark
206Cinnamomum zeylanicumLauraceaebark
207CinnamomumaromaticumFabaceaeBark
208Cistanche tubulosaScrophulariaceaeWhole plant
209Citrullus colocynthis SchradCucurbitaceaeFruits
210Citrullus lanatusCucurbitaceaePulp
211Citrus aurantumRutaceaePeels
212Citrus limettaRutaceaePeels
213Citrus maximaRutaceaePeels
214Citrus sinensisRutaceaePeels
215Clausena anisataRutaceaeLeaves
216Cleome asperaCapparidaceaeWhole plant
217Cleome droserifolia DelileCapparidaceaeWhole plant
218Clerodendranthus spicatusLamiaceae
219Clerodendron phlomoidesVerbenaceaeWhole plant
220Clitoria ternateaFabaceaeSeeds
221Cnidosculus aconitifoliusEuphorbiaceaeLeaves
222Coccina grandisCucurbitaceaeWhole plant
223Coccina indicaCucurbitaceaeLeaves
224Cocculs cardifoliaMenispermaceaeStem, leaves, root
225Cocculus villosusMenispermaceaeRoots, leaves
226Cocos nucifera L.ArecaceaeFiber
227Coffea arabicaRubiaceaeSeeds
228Cogniauxia podoleanaCucurbitaceae
229Coix lachrymaPoaceaeSeed
230Combretum micranthumCombretaceaeLeaves
231Commelina communisCommelinaceaeLeaves
232Convallaria majalisAsparagaceaeBulb
233Convolvulus althaeoidesConvolvulaceaeAerial parts
234Corchorus olitoriusTiliaceaeLeaves
235Cordia dichotomaBoraginaceaeStem bark
236Cordia morelosanaBoraginaceaeLeaves
237Cordia myxaBoraginaceaeStem bark
238Coriandrum sativumApiaceaeSeeds
239Coriandum sativumApiaceaeWhole plant
240Corni fructusCornaceaeWhole plant
241Cornus officinalisCornaceaeFruit, seeds
242Coscinium fenestratumMenispermaceaeStem bark
243Costus schlechteriCostaceae
244Costus speciosusCostaceaeRhizome
245Costus speciousZingiberaceaeLeaves
246Cotoneaster aitchisoniRosaceaeAerial parts
247Coutarea latifloraRubiaceaeBark
248Couterea hexandraRubiaceae
249Crataegus mexicanaRosaceaeRoot
250Crataegus pubescensRosaceaeWhole plant
251Crotolaria medicagineaFabaceaeSeeds
252Croton cajucara BenthEuphorbiaceaeBark
253Cryptolepis sanguinolentaApocynaceaeStem
254Cryptostegia grandifloraAsclepiadaceaeAerial parts
255Cucumis callosusCucurbitaceaeSeeds
256Cucumis metuliferusCucurbitaceaeFruit
257Cucumis sativusCucurbitaceaeFruit
258Cucumis trigonusCucurbitaceaeFruit
259Cucurbita ficifolia BouchéCucurbitaceaeFruit
260Cuminum cyminumumbelliferaeSeeds
261Cuminum cyminum LApiaceaeSeeds
262Cuminum nigrumumbelliferaeFlowers,Seeds
263Cuminum nigrumApiaceaeSeeds
264Curcuma longaZingiberaceaeRhizome
265Cyamopsis tetragonolobaPapilionaceaeBeans
266Cyamposis tetragonolobusLeguminasaeFruits, seeds
267Cyathea divergensCyatheaceaeBark
268Cyclanthera pedataCucurbitaceaeShoot, leaves
269Cymbalaria muralisScrophulariaceaeWhole plant
270Cynodon dactylonRoaceaeWhole Plant
271Cyperus iriaCyperaceaeRoot
272Dalbergia SissooFabaceaeBark
273Daucus carotaApiaceaeRoot
274Decalepis hamiltoniiApocynaceaeTuber
275Decalepis rootApocynaceaeRoot
276Delonix regiaFabaceaeLeaves
277Dendrobium loddigesiiOrchidaceaeStem
278Dendrobium nobileOrchidaceaeStem
279Descurainia sophiaBrassicaceaeWhole plant
280Desmodium gangeticumFabaceaeWhole plant
281Desmodium motoriumFabaceaeLeaves
282Dillenia indicaDilleniaceaeLeaves
283Dioscorea asclepiadeaDiscoreaceaeTuber
284Diospyros lotusEbenaceaeFruit
285Diospyros melanoxylonEbenaceaeBark
286Diospyros peregrinaEbenaceaeFruit
287Diospyros peregrinaEbenaceaeBark
288Dipteracanthus prostratusAcantheaceaeWhole plant
289Discorea japonicaDiscoreaceaeTubers
290Discorea batalasDiscoreaceaeTubers
291Discorea bulbiferaDiscoreaceaeBulb
292Discorea dumentorumDiscoreaceaeTubers
293Discorea gracillimaDiscoreaceaeBulb
294Discorea hispida Den nstDioscoreaceaeTubers
295Discorea rhizomaDioscoreaceaeTubers
296Dodonaea viscosaSapindaceaeLeaves
297Eclipta albaAsteraceaeLeaves
298Egyptian morus albaMoraceaeStem bark
299Elaeocarpus ganitrusElaeocarpaceaeBark
300Elaeocarpus serratusElaeocarpaceaeFruit
301Elaeodendron glaucumCelastraceaeBark
302Elephantopus scaberAsteraceaeWhole plant
303Eleusine coracanaPoaceaeSeeds
304Eleytherine americanaBulb
305Embelia madagascariensisMyrsinaceaeLeaves
306Emblica officinalisPhyllanthaceaeSeeds
307Enicostemma hyssopifoliumGentianaceaeWhole plant
308Enicostemma littoraleGentianaceaeLeaves
309Ensete superbumMusaceae
310Ephedra distachyaEphedereaceaeAerial stems
311Ephedra elataEphedereaceaeAerial stems
312Equisetum myriochaetumEquisetaceaeAerial parts
313Eriobotrya japonicaRosaceaeSeeds
314Eriodendron anfractuosumBombaceaeGum, Unripe Fruits, Seeds, Flowers, Roots
315Eruka sativaBrassicaceaeSeeds
316Erythrina indicaFabaceaeLeaves
317Erythrina variegataFabaceaeLeaves
318Eucalyptus citriodoraMyrtaceaeLeaves
319Eucalyptus globulesMyrtaceaeLeaves
320Eugenia jambolanaMyrtaceaeFruit
321Euphorbia antiquorumEuphorbiaceaeLeaves, fruit
322Euphorbia prostrateEuphorbiaceaeWhole plant
323Evolvulus alsinoidesConvolvulaceaeWhole plant
324Eysenhardtia polystachyaFabaceaeRoot
325Feronia elephantumRutaceaeFruit
326Ficus bengelensisMoraceaeRoot bark, stem bark
327Ficus caricaMoraceaeLeaves
328Ficus glomerataMoraceaeBark
329Ficus hispidaMoraceaeLeaves
330Ficus racemosaMoraceaeBark
331Ficus religiosaMoraceaeRoot bark, stem bark, aerial roots
332Ficus retusaMoraceaeLeaves
333Ficus sycomorusMoraceaeLeaves
334Fraxinus alba MarshallOleaceaeLeaves
335Fraxinus excelsiorOleaceaeSeeds
336Fumaria officinalis LFumariaceaeAerial parts
337Fumaria parvifloraPapaveraceaWhole plant
338Galega officinalisLeguminoseaeLeaves
339Ganoderma lucidumGanodermataceaeFruit juice
340Garcinia kola HeckelGuttifereSeeds
341Gelsemium sempervirensLogoniaceae
342Geranium maculatumGeraniaceaeRoot
343Ginkgo bilobaGinkgoaceaWhole plant
344Ginseng RadixAraliaceaeRoot
345Glossostemon bruguieriSterculiaceaeRoot mucilage
346Glycine maxLeguminoseaeSeeds
347Gmelina arboreaVerbenaceaeRoot bark, stem bark
348Gongronema latifoliumLeaves
349Grewia asiaticaTiliaceaeBark
350Grewia flavensisTiliaceaeLeaves
351Grifola frondosaMeripilaceaeFruit
352Guaiacum coulteriZygophyllaceaeBark
353Guazuma ulmifoliaSterculiaceaeBark
354Gymnema sylvestreAsclepiadaceaeLeaves, whole plant
355Gynandropsis gynandraCapparidaceaeRoot
356Gynostemma pentaphyllumCucurbitaceaeStem, leaves
357Gynura procumbensAsteraceaeLeaves
358Gynura procumbensAsteraceaeLeaves
359Haematoxylon brasilettoFabaceaeAerial parts
360Haloxylon salicorlicum BungeChenopodiaceaeWhole plant
361Hamada salicornicaHamamelidaceaeWhole plant
362Hamiltonia suaveolensRubiaceaeRoot
363Hedychium gardnerianumZingiberaceaeLeaf
364Hedychium spicatumZingiberaceaeRhizome
365Helicteres isoraSterculiaceaeRoot
366Heritiera minorSterculiaceaeAerial parts
367Heterophragma quadriloculareBignoniaceaeAerial parts
368Hexachlamys edulisMyrtaceae
369Hibiscus rosa-sinesisMalvaceaeFlowers
370Hintonia latifloraRubiaceaeLeaves
371Hintonia standleyanRubiaceaeStem bark
372Holarrhena antidysentericaApocynaceaeSeeds
373Holostemma annularisApocynaceaeRoot
374Hoodia currorApocynaceaeStem
375Hordeum vulgareGramineaeSeeds
376Humulus lupulusCannabinaceaeStrobiles
377Hybanthus enneaspermusViolaceaeLeaves
378Hydnocarpus wightianaSeeds
379Hydrangea paniculataHydrangeaceaeBark
380Hydrolea zeylanicaHydrangeaceaeWhole plant
381Hygrophylla longifoliaAcanthaceaeWhole plant
382Hypericum perforatumHypericaceaeLeaves
383Hypoxis hemerocallideaHypoxidaceaeFruits
384Hyptis suaveolensLamiaceaeAerial parts
385Hyssopus officinalisLamiaceaeLeaves
386Ibervillea sonoraeCurcurbitaceaeRoot, aerial parts, bark
387Ichnocarpus frutescensApocynaceaeRoot
388Inula racemomaTubulifloraeRoots
389Ipomea aquaticaConvolvulaceaeWhole plant
390Ipomoea batatusConvolvulaceaeLeaves
391Ipomoia digitataConvolvulaceaeRoot
392Isoplexis canariensisScrophulariaceaeLeaves
393Isoplexis isabellianaScrophulariaceaeLeaves
394Jacobinia suberectaAcanthaceaeWhole plant
395Jatropha curcasEuphorbiaceaeLeaves
396Jatropha glanduliferaEuphorbiaceaeTubers
397Juglans mandshuricaJuglandaceaeLeaves
398Juglans regia L.JuglandaceaeLeaves
399Juniperus communisCupressaceaeBerries
400Justicia beddomejAcanthaceaeLeaves
401Kalanchoe lacinataCrassulaceaeLeaves
402Kalanchoe pinataCrassulaceaeLeaves
403Kalanchoe verticulataCrassulaceaeLeaves
404Kalopanax pictus NakaiAraliaceaeStem bark
405Kickxia ramosissimaScrophulariaceaeAerial parts
406Kochia scopariaChenopodiaceaeWhole plant
407Krameria triandrakrameriaceaeRoot
408Kyllinga tricepsCyperaceaeRoot
409Lagerstroemia parvifloraLythraceaeAerial parts
410Lagerstroemia speciosaLythraceaeBark, Root, Seed, Leave & ripe fruits
411Lantana camaraVerbenaceaeLeaves
412Larrea tridentataZygophyllaceaeRoot, stem, bark, leaf
413Lasia spinosaAraceaeRhizome
414Launaea nudicaulisAsteraceaeRoots
415Laurus nobilisLauraceaeLeaf
416Lavandula multifidaLamiaceaeFlower
417Lavandula stoechasLamiaceaeLeaves, flower
418Lawsonia inermisLythraceaeLeaves
419Leea crispaVitaceaeAerial parts
420Leea indicaVitaceaeLeaves
421Leonotis leonurusLamiaceaeLeaves
422Lepechinia caulescensLabiataeWhole plant
423Lepidium ruderaleCrucifaraeAerial part
424Lepidium sativumBrassicaceaeSeeds
425Lepidium sativumBrassicaceaeLeaves
426Leucaena leucocephalaLeguminoseaeSeeds
427Ligustrum lucidumLamiaceaeFruit
428Lillum auratumLiliaceaeBulb
429Lillum speciosumLiliaceaeBulb
430Limonia acidissimaRutaceaeFruit
431Linum usitatissimumLinaceaeSeeds
432Liriope spicataLiliaceaeRoot
433Lithospermum erythrorhizonBoraginaceaeSeeds
434Litsea coreanaLauraceaeLeaves
435Lodoicea sechellarumPalmaeFruit
436Lophophora williamsiiCactaceaeAerial parts
437Loranthus curviflorusLoranthaceae
438Loranthus micranthusLoranthaceae
439Luffa acutangulaCucurbitaceaeFruit
440Luffa aegayptiacCucurbitaceaeAerial parts
441Luffa cylindricaCucurbitaceaeSeeds, leaves, flowers
442Luffa echinataCucurbitaceaeAerial parts
443Luffa tuberosaCucurbitaceaeFruit
444Lupin marmaladesPapilionaceaeSeeds
445Lupus albusPapilionaceaeSeeds
446Lycium barbarumSolanaceaeFruit
447Lycium shawiiSolanaceaeAerial parts
448Lycopersicon esculantumSolanaceaeSeeds
449Lycopus virginicusLamiaceae
450Lycoris radiataAmaryllidaceaeBulb
451Lycoris squamigeraAmaryllidaceaeBulb
452Lygodium flexuosumLycopodiaceaeWhole plant
453Lyophyllum decastesLyophyllaceaeFruit
454Lysiloma acapulcenseFabaceaeLeaves
455Lythrum salicariaLythraceaeStem flower
456Macaranga tanariusEuphorbiaceaeSeeds
457Madhuca longifoliaSapotaceaeBark
458Mallotus philipensisEuphorbiaceaeStem
459Malmea depressaAnnonaceaeRoot
460Malva verticillataMalvacéesSeeds
461Mangifera indicaAnacardiaceaeLeaves
462Maprounea africanaEuphorbiaceaeRoots
463Marrubium vulgareLamiaceaeWhole plant
464Matricaria frigidumAsteraceaeWhole plant
465Matthiola lividaBoraginaceaeWhole plant
466Mazus surculosusScrophulariaceaeWhole plant
467Medicago sativaLeguminoseaeFlower
468Megacarpaea polyandraBrassicaceaeWhole plant
469Melanthera scandensAsteraceaeLeaves
470Melhania incanaMalvaceaeLeaves
471Melia azaderachtaMeliaceaeLeaves
472Melia dubiaMeliaceaeFruit
473Memecylon umbellatumMelastomaceaeLeaves
474Mentha longfoliaLamiaceaeWhole plant
475Merremia emarginataConvolvulaceaeWhole plant
476Mimosa pudicafabaceaeWhole plant
477Mimusops elengiSapotaceaeLeaves
478Momordica balsaminaMeliaceaeFruit
479Momordica charantiaMeliaceaeFruits, seeds, leaves
480Momordica cochinchinemisMeliaceaeFruits
481Momordica cymbalariaMeliaceaeFruit
482Momordica dioicaMeliaceaeFruit
483Momordica foetidaMeliaceaeAerial parts
484Morinda citrifoliaRubiaceaeFruit
485Morinda lucidaRubiaceaeLeaves
486Moringa oleiferaMoringaceaeFlowers
487Morus albaMoraceaeLeaves, root bark
488Morus australisMoraceaeRoot
489Morus insigniMoraceaeLeaves
490Morus nigraMoraceaeLeaves
491Morus rubraMoraceaeLeaves
492Mprinda lucidaRubiaceaeRoot
493Mucuna pruriensLeguminoseaeSeeds
494Murraya koienigiiRutaceaeLeaves
495Murraya paniculataRutaceaeLeaves
496Musa balbisianaMusaceaeFlowers
497Musa paradisiacaMusaceaeFlowers
498Musa sapientumMusaceaeFlowers, fruits
499Myrcia multifloraMyrtaceaeLeaves
500Myrcia unifloraMyrtaceaeLeaves
501Myrtus communisMyrtaceaeLeaves, stem
502Narcissus tazettaAmaryllidaceaeBulb
503Nasturtium officinaleBrassicaceaeAerial parts
504Nauclea orientalisRubiaceaeStem bark
505Nelumbo nuciferaNymphaeaceaeFlowers, rhizome
506Nepeta ciliarisLamiaceaeWhole plant
507Nigella sativaRanunculaceaeSeeds
508Nyctanthes arbor-tristisOleaceaeRoot
509Nymphaea nouchaliNymphaeceaeRoots
510Ocimum albumLamiaceaeLeaves
511Ocimum americanumLamiaceaeSeeds
512Ocimum basilicumLamiaceaeLeaves
513Ocimum gratissimumLamiaceaeLeaves
514Ocimum sanctum LinnLamiaceaeLeaves
515Ocimum tenuiflorumLamiaceaeLeaves
516Olea europaeaOleaceaeLeaves
517Ophiopogonis tubeLiliaceaeRhizomes
518Opuntia dilleniiCactaceaeFruit
519Opuntia dilleniiCactaceaeFruit
520Opuntia ficus indicaCactaceaeStem
521Opuntia ficus indicaCactaceaeAerial parts
522Opuntia imbricataCactaceaeFruit
523Opuntia lindheimeriCactaceaeAerial parts
524Opuntia sterptacanthasCactaceaeSap
525Opuntia streptacanthaCactaceaeAerial parts
526Opuntia vulgarisCactaceaeAerial parts
527Orchis latifoliaOrchidaceaeRoot
528Orchis masculaOrchidaceaeRoot
529Origanum syriacumLamiaceaeLeaves
530Origanum vulgareLamiaceaeLeaves
531Orthosiphon aristatusLamiaceaeLeaves
532Orthosiphon spiralisLamiaceaeLeaves
533Orthosiphon stamineusLamiaceaeLeaves
534Oryza salivaGramineaeRoots
535Osbeckia octandraMelastomaceaeWhole plant
536Ossimum gratissiumLabiataeLeaves
537Otholobium pubescensFabaceae
538Otostegia persicaLamiaceaeAerial parts
539Ougeinia oojeinensisLeguminosaeBark
540Pachycereus marginatusCactaceaeRoot, pulp
541Paeonia emodiRanunculaceaeWhole plant
542Paeonia lactifloraRanunculaceaeRoots
543Paeonia moutanRanunculaceaeWhole plant
544Paeonia veitchiiRanunculaceaeRoots
545Panax ginsengAraliaceaeRoots
546Panax japonicusAraliaceaeRoots
547Panax quinquefoliumAraliaceaeRoots
548Pandanus odorusPandanaceaeRoots
549Pandanus odorusPandanaceaeRoot
550Panicum miliaceumPoaceaeWhole plant
551Parinari excelsaChrysobalanaceaeBark
552Parmentiera edulisBignoniaceaeFruit
553Parthenium hysterophorusAsteraceaeLeaves
554Paspalum serobiculatumPoaceaeGrains
555Passiflora foetidaPassifloraceaeWhole plant
556Paullinia cupanaSapindaceaeLeaves
557Pedicularis rhinanthoidesScrophulariaceaeWhole plant
558Peganum harmalaZygophyllaceaeSeeds
559Peporimia pellucidaPiperaceae
560Pergularia tomentosaAsclepiadaceaeStem
561Periploca laevigataApocynaceae
562Persea americanaLauraceaeFruit
563Persea gratissimaLauraceaeSeed, bark
564Petiveria alleaceaePhytolacaceaeLeaves, stem powder
565Peumus boldusMonimiaceaeLeaves
566Phalaris canariensisPoaceaeSeeds
567Phaseolus vulgarisLeguminoseaeSeeds
568Phlomis persicaLamiaceaeAerial part
569Phoebe wightiiLauraceaeAerial parts
570Phoradendron tomentosumViscaceaeFlower
571Phyllanthus amarusEuphorbiaceaeWhole plant
572Phyllanthus carolinensisEuphorbiaceaeLeaves, stem
573Phyllanthus emblicaEuphorbiaceaeFruit
574Phyllanthus fraternusEuphorbiaceaeLeaves
575Phyllanthus niruriEuphorbiaceaeAerial parts
576Phyllanthus urinaria Linn.EuphorbiaceaeLeaves
577Physalis alkekengiSolanaceaeFruit
578Physalis philadelphicaSolanaceaeBark, leaf
579Picea marianaPinaceaeFruit
580Picrorrhiza kurroaScrophulariaceaeRhizome
581Pimenta officinalisMyrtaceaeLeaves, fruit
582Pinus maritimePiperaceaeBark
583Pinus pinasterPiperaceaeBark
584Pinus teocotePiperaceaeAerial parts
585Piper aduncumPiperaceaeLeaves
586Piper betlePiperaceaeLeaves
587Piper cubelaPiperaceaeWhole plant
588Piper longumPiperaceaeWhole plant
589Piper nigrumPiperaceaeWhole plant
590Piper retrofractumPiperaceaeFruits
591Piper sarmentosumPiperaceaeWhole plant
592Pisum sativumFabaceaeFruit
593Plantago himalaciaPlantaginaceaeWhole plant
594Plantago majorPlantaginaceaeWhole plant
595Plantago ovataPlantaginaceaeHusk
596Plantago psylliumPlantaginaceaeLeaves
597Pleurostylia oppositeCelastraceae
598Plumbago zeylanicaPlumbaginaceaeLeaves
599Plumeria rubraApocynaceaeStem
600Poa pratensisPoaceaeWhole plant
601Polygala javanaPolygalaceaeLeaves
602Polygala senegaPolygalaceaeRhizome
603Polygalia eriopteraPolygalaceae
604Polygonatum odorantumAsparagaceaeRhizome
605Polygonatum officinaleLiliaceaeRhizome
606PolygonumPolygonaceaeAerial parts
607Polygonum cuspidatumPolygonaceaeRhizome
608Pongamia pinnataLeguminoseaeBark
609Portulaca oleraceaePortulaceaeAerial part
610Potamogeton crispusPotamogetonaceaeWhole plant
611Poterium ancisroidesRosaceaeLeaves
612Poterium spinosumRosaceaeStem, bark
613Pouteria tomentosaSapotaceaeAerial parts
614Prunella vulgarisLamiaceaeWhole plant
615Prunus amygdalusRosaceaeSeeds
616Prunus davidianaRosaceaeStem
617Prunus persicaRosaceaeLeaves
618Psacalium decompositumAsteraceaeRoot
619Psacalium decompositumAsteraceaeRoot
620Psacalium peltatumAsteraceae
621Psacalium peltatum Cass.AsteraceaeRoot
622Pseudarthria viscidaFabaceaeRoot
623Psidium guajavaMyrtaceaeJuice
624Psittacanthus calyculatusLoranthaceaeAerial parts
625Pterocarpus marsupiumLeguminoseaeHeart-wood, wood
626Pterocarpus santalinusLeguminoseaeFruits
627Punica granatumPunicaceaeFlowers
628Pyrus communisRosaceae
629Quercus lineataFagaceaeBark
630Quercus roburFagaceaeGall
631Quercus spicataFagaceaeBark
632Radix glyzyrrhizaeFabaceaeRoot
633Raphanus sativusBrassicaceaeWhole plant
634Rauwolfia serpentineApocynaceaeLeaves, roots
635Ravenala madagascariensisSteriliziaceaeFlower, root
636Rehmania glutinosaScrophulariaceaeRhizome
637Retama raetamFabaceaeWhole plant
638Rhamnus purshianaRhamnaceaeBark
639Rhazya strictaApocynaceaeLeaves, seeds
640Rheum officinalePolygonaceaeRoot
641Rheum palmatumPolygonaceaeRoot
642Rheum tanguticumPolygonaceaeRoot
643Rhizophora mangleRhizophoraceaeBark
644Rhizophora mucronataRhizophoraceaeAerial parts
645Rhodiola sachalinensisCrassulaceaeRoot
646Rhododendron tomentosumEricaceaeFruit
647Rhus coriariaAnacardiaceaeFruit
648Ricinus communisEuphorbiaceaeLeaves
649Rosa brunoniiRosaceaeAerial parts
650Rosa caninaRosaceaeFruit
651Rosa centifoliaRosaceaeAerial parts
652Rubia cardifoliaRubiaceaeRoots
653Rubus ulmifoliusRosaceaeLeaves
654Rumex abyssinicusPolygonaceaeRoot
655Russelia equisetiformisScrophulariaceaeRoot
656Ruta graveolensRutaceaeLeaves
657Saccharum officianarumPoaceaeLeaves
658Sageretia parvifloraRhamnaceaeRoot
659Salacia chinensisHippocrateaceaeRoot, stem , leaves
660Salacia oblongaHippocrateaceaeRoot bark
661Salacia reticulataHippocrateaceaeRoot
662Salmalia malabaricaBombacaceaeSepals
663Salpianthus arenariusNyctaginaceaeFlower
664Salpianthus macrodonthusNyctaginaceaeFlower
665Salvia aegyptiacaLamiaceaeWhole plant
666Salvia canariensisLamiaceaeAerial parts
667Salvia fruticosaLamiaceaeLeaves
668Salvia lavandifoliaLamiaceaeWhole plant
669Salvia leucanthaLamiaceaeLeaves
670Salvia miltiorrhizaLamiaceaeRoot
671Salvia officinalisLamiaceaeLeaves
672Samanea samanFabaceaeBark
673Sansevieria roxburghianaRuscaceaeRhizome
674Sapindus laurifoliaSapindaceaeFruits
675Sapindus mukorossiSapindaceaeFruits
676Sarcopoterium spinosumRosaceaeRoot
677Schisandra chinensisMagnoliaceaeLeaves
678Schleichera oleosaSapindaceaeStem bark
679Scilla sibiricaHyacinthaceaeBulb
680Scindapsus officinalisAraceaeFruit
681Scoparia dulcisScrophulariaceaWhole plant
682Scrophularia desertiScrophularinaceaeAerial parts
683Scutia myrtinaRhamnaceaeWhole plant
684Securigera securidaceaFabaceaeSeeds
685Selaginella tamariscinaLycopodiaceaeWhole plant
686Serenoa serrulataArecaceaeFruit
687Sesamum indicumpedaliaceaeSeeds
688Sesbania grandifoliaFabaceaeBark
689Sesbania sesbanFabaceaeLeaves
690Setaria italicaPoaceaeSeeds
691Sida cordifoliaMalvacéesAerial part and root
692Smallanthus sonchifoliusAsteraceaeRoot
693Smilax canariensisSmilacaceaeAerial parts
694Smilax chinaSmilacaceaeRhizome
695Smilax glabraSmilacaceaeRhizome
696Solanum diversifoliumSolanaceaeLeaves
697Solanum IycocarpumSolanaceaeFruit
698Solanum nigrumSolanaceaeWhole plant
699Solanum verbascifoliumSolanaceaeLeaves
700Solanum xanthocarpumSolanaceaeFruit
701Solenostemon rotundifoliusLamiaceaeTuber
702Soymida febrifugaMeliaceaeBark
703Spathodea campanulata BuchBignoniaceaeStem bark
704Spergularia purpureaCaryophyllaceaeLeaves, flower
705Sphaeranthus indicusAsteraceaeWhole plant
706Spinacea oleraceaSalsolaceaeLeaves
707Spondias dulcisAnacardiaceaeStem bark
708Stachytarpheta indicaVerbenaceaceLeaves
709Stachyurus himalaciusStachyuraceae
710Stenocereus marginatusCactaceaeAerial parts
711Sterculia guttataSterculiaceaeLeaves
712Stereospermum suaveolensBignoniaceaeRoot
713Stevia rebaudianaAsteraceaeLeaves
714Strobilanthes crispusAcanthaceaeLeaves
715Strychnos nux vomicaLoganiaceaeFruit
716Strychnos potatorumLoganiaceaeSeeds
717Suaeda fruticosaChenopodiaceaeAerial parts
718Swertia chirayitaGentianaceaeWhole plant
719Swertia japonicaGentianaceaeWhole plant
720Swertia mussotiiGentianaceaeWhole plant
721Swertia puniceaGentianaceaeWhole plant
722Swietenia humilisMeliaceaeSeeds
723Swietenia macrophyllaMeliaceaeSeeds
724Symplocos cochinchinensisSymplocaceaeLeaves
725Symplocos PaniculataSymplocaceaeLeaves, stem
726Symplocos theaefoliaSymplocaceaeRoot, leaves
727Syringa vulgarisLamiaceaeBud
728Syzygium cordatumMyrtaceaeLeaves
729Syzygium cuminiMyrtaceaeFruit
730Syzygium jambolanumMyrtaceaeFruit
731Syzygium malaccenseMyrtaceaeStem bark
732Syzygium samarangensMyrtaceaeStem bark
733Tagetes erectaAsteraceaeLeaves, flower
734Talinum portulacifoliumPortulacaceaeLeaves
735Tamarindus indicaCaesalpinaceaeSeeds
736Tapinanthus bangwensisLoranthaceaeLeaves
737Taraxacum officinaleAsteraceaeAerial parts
738Taxus yunnanensisTaxaceaeWood
739Tecoma mollisBignoniaceaeWhole plant
740Tecoma stansBignoniaceaeLeaves
741Tectona grandisVerbenaceaeRoot
742Telfaria occidentalisCucurbitaceaeLeaves, seeds
743Terminalia arjunaCombretaceaeStem bark
744Terminalia bellericaCombretaceaeFruit
745Terminalia catappaCombretaceaeFruit
746Terminalia chebulaCombretaceaeSeeds
747Terminalia superbaCombretaceaeLeaves
748Tetrastigma leucostaphylumVitaceae
749Teucrium cubensLamiaceaeAerial parts
750Teucrium cubenseLamiaceaeLeaves
751Teucrium oliverianumLamiaceaeAerial parts
752Teucrium poliumLamiaceaeLeaves
753Teucrium royleanumLamiaceaeWhole plant
754Theobroma cacaoSterculiaceaeCocoa beans
755Thespesia populneaMalvaceaeBark, leaves
756Thryallis glaneaMalpighiaceaeAerial parts
757Tillandsia usneoides L.BromeliaceaeWhole plant
758Tinospora cordifoliaMenispermaceaeStem
759Tinospora crispaMenispermaceaeStem
760Tournefortia hartwegianaBoraginaceaeLeaves
761Tournefortia hirsutissimaBoraginaceae
762Tournefortia hirsutissima LinnBoraginaceaeWhole plant
763Tournefortia petiolarisBoraginaceaeBark
764Tragia involucrateEuphorbiaceaeWhole plant
765Trema orientalisUlmaceaeStem bark
766Tremella mesentericaCombretaceaeFruit
767Tribulus terrestrisZygophyllaceaeStem, leaves
768Trichosanthes diociaCucurbitaceaeWhole plant
769Trichosanthes kirilowiiCucurbitaceaeAerial parts
770Trigonella foenum graecumLeguminoseaeSeeds
771Triticum repensGramineaeRhizomes
772Turnera diffusaTurneraceaLeaves
773Uncaria tomentosaRubiaceaeLeaves
774Urginea indicaHyacinthaceaeBulb
775Urtica dioicaUrticaceaeLeaves
776Vaccinium angustifoliumEricaceaeFruit
777Vaccinium leschenaultiiEricaceaeAerial parts
778Vaccinium myrtillusEricaceaeLeaves
779Vaccinium oxycoccusEricaceaeLeaves
780Vaccinium vitis idaeaEricaceaeLeaves
781Vateria copalliferaDipterocarpaceaeFruit
782Vernonia amygdalinaAsteraceaeLeaves
783Viburnum opulusCaprifoliaceaeFruit
784Vinca erectaApocynaceaeWhole plant
785Vinca majorApocynaceaeWhole plant
786Viscum albumLoranthaceaeWhole plant
787Vitex negundo LinnVerbenaceaeLeaves
788Wattakaka volubilisAsclepiadaceaeLeaves
789White lupin branPapilionaceaeFiber
790Withania coagulansSolanaceaeFruit
791Withania somniferaSolanaceaeLeaves
792Xanthium strumariumAsteraceaeRoots, seeds
793Xanthocercis zambesiacaLeguminaceaeRoot, Leaves
794Xanthoxalis corniculataOxilidaceae
795Zea maysPoaceaeFruit
796Zingiber officinaleZinziberaceaeRhizome
797Zingiber zerumbetZinziberaceaeLeaf
798Zizyphus mauritianaRhamnaceaeFruits, leaves
799Zizyphus rugosaRhamnaceaeFruits, leaves
800Zizyphus sativaRhamnaceae
801Zizyphus spina-christiRhamnaceaeleaves
802Zygophyllum gaetulumZygophyllaceaeAerial parts
READ  Understanding Disease & A Natural Approach To Healing


Source:
[1] Diabetes: A Forecast for 2030, Dr R K Gupta
International Journal of Engineering Technology Science and Research (IJETSR, www.ijetsr.com)
ISSN 2394 – 3386 Volume 4, Issue 1 January 2017

[2] Herbal medicine for diabetes mellitus: A Review, P. Jaya Preethi
International Journal of Phytopharmacy, Vol. 3 (1), pp.01-22, Jan-Feb 2013
ISSN:2277-2928 (Online) Journal DOI:10.7439/ijpp ©Scholar Science Journals (www.ssjournals.com)

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